Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B58
Code point U+5B58
Entity number 存
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B57] [U+5B59]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 39 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 大中弓木 (KLND), four-corner 40247, composition𠂇)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 278, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6943
  • Dae Jaweon: page 545, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1009, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5B58

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰuən³⁵/
Harbin /t͡sʰuən²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰuən⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡sʰuẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰuə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰuən⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰuẽ²⁴/
Xining /t͡sʰuə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡sʰũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰuŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
/t͡sʰuən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /t͡sʰuə̃³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰun²⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zø³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰuːə⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sən¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰun²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰun¹¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰun¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰyn²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰyn²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰyn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡souŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰuŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sun³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (15)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuən/ /d͡zʱuən/ /d͡zuən/ /d͡zuon/ /d͡zwən/ /d͡zuən/ /d͡zuən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cún ‹ dzwon › /*[dz]ˤə[n]/ exist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1905 1 /*zluːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. exist, live, be
  2. survive
  3. remain
  4. to keep

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 保存 ‎(ほぞん, hozon)
  • 存続 ‎(そんぞく, sonzoku)
  • 依存 ‎(いぞん, izon)
  • 依存症 ‎(いぞんしょう, izonshō)
  • 現存 ‎(げんぞん, genzon)
  • 共存 ‎(きょうぞん, kyōzon)
  • 生存 ‎(せいぞん, seizon)
  • 生存権 ‎(せいぞんけん, seizonken)
  • 残存 ‎(ざんぞん, zanzon)
  • 存立 ‎(そんりつ, sonritsu)
  • 存否 ‎(そんぴ, sonpi)
  • 存心 ‎(ぞんしん, zonshin)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jon) (hangeul , revised jon, McCune-Reischauer chon)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tồn, dòn, sòn, ròn, tòn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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