TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
乙-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
乙-oracle.svg 乙-bronze.svg 乙-silk.svg 乙-bigseal.svg 乙-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) : Picture of a swallow.

Original form of (swallow). Current meaning by phonetic loan.

Han characterEdit

(radical 5 +0, 1 stroke, cangjie input 弓山 (NU), four-corner 17710)

  1. the second of the ten heavenly stems
  2. second
  3. the KangXi radical
  4. the quantity 1

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 83, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 161
  • Dae Jaweon: page 167, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 47, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E59
  • “乙”, 字源[1] (in Mandarin), retrieved 2014-03-21

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (乙), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 質
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 於筆切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiɪt̚/ /ʔi̯ĕt̚/ /ʔiĕt̚/ /ʔit̚/ /ʔit̚/ /ĭĕt̚/ /ʔjet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔit › /*qrət/ 2nd heavenly stem

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14921 2 /*qriɡ/ 甲乙字收ɡ尾與燕乙字收d尾小分部有異

NounEdit

  1. second, 2, B, II, beta (used for unnamed people or object, to enumarate headings in a list, for grade)
    路人路人 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Lùrén jiǎ hé lùrén . [Pinyin]
    Person A and person B / Person 1 and Person 2.
    法语成绩 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Tā fǎyǔ chéngjì dé le . [Pinyin]
    He got a B in French.
      ―  gān  ―  hepatitis B
  2. (chemistry) ethyl

Proper nounEdit

  1. The second of the ten heavenly stems (天干)
  2. Kangxi radical 5 (second)
  3. the seventh scale degree in Gongche musical notation (工尺譜工尺谱)

NumberEdit

  1. (literary) one
    (公文)… [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    (gōngwén)... Jiā fèn. [Pinyin]
    (In official letters) …added one copy.

See alsoEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

  1. (Chinese calligraphy) turning stroke

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • “乙”, MDBG English to Chinese dictionary (based on CC-CEDICT)[2] (in Mandarin/English), retrieved 2014-02-13
  • “Jukuu”, Jukuu[3] (in Mandarin/English), retrieved 2014-03-21

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Adjectival nounEdit

‎(-na inflection, hiragana おつ, romaji otsu)

  1. strange
  2. interestingly strange, spicy

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana おつ, romaji otsu)

  1. the second
  2. the latter

‎(hiragana きのと, romaji kinoto)

  1. the second of the ten stems (十干 (jikkan))

InterjectionEdit

‎(hiragana おつ, romaji otsu)

  1. (Internet slang) Abbreviation of お疲れ様です ‎(otsukaresama desu).

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(eul)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: eul, McCune-Reischauer: ŭl)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: sae, McCune-Reischauer: sae)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ất, át, ắc, ắt, hắt, ặc, lớt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

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