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U+5C3C, 尼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C3C

[U+5C3B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C3D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 44 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 尸心 (SP), four-corner 77211, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 300, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7635
  • Dae Jaweon: page 596, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 965, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5C3C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*niːl, *niːls
*niːl
*niːlʔ
*niːlʔ
*niːls
*braːms, *niːl, *niːls
*nilʔ
*nilʔ
*nilʔ
*nil
*nil
*nil
*nil, *nilʔ
*nil
*nil
*nil
*rniːd
*niɡ

Ideogram (指事). In this character represents a man, and (otherwise meaning "spoon") also represents a man; two men leaning against each other, originally meaning "close, intimate". The derivative refers to the original word.

EtymologyEdit

Buddhist nun
Clipping of 比丘尼, from Sanskrit भिक्षुणी (bhikṣuṇī, female beggar) or Pali bhikkhunī (female beggar). Compare Sanskrit भिक्षु (bhikṣu, beggar).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (12)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɳˠiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɳᵚi/
Shao
Rongfen
/niɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɳji/
Li
Rong
/nji/
Wang
Li
/ni/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ni/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nejX › ‹ nejH › ‹ nrij ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤərʔ/ /*nˤərʔ-s/ /*nr[əj]/
English to stop to stop, obstruct near, close

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9428
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nil/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Buddhist nun
  2. close; intimate
  3. safe
  4. harmonious

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. to stop

Pronunciation 3Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Taishanese) a few; a little bit; some
  2. (Taishanese) the; those
  3. (Taishanese) more; -er
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“some, a few”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Wu Wenzhou 厘兒

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あま, rōmaji ama)

  1. nun

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ni, i) (hangeul , )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ni, này, , nơi, nầy, )

  1. place