U+5C3C, 尼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C3C

[U+5C3B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C3D]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 44, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 尸心 (SP), four-corner 77211, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 300, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7635
  • Dae Jaweon: page 596, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 965, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5C3C

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Ideogrammic compound (會意). The character does not appear as an independent character in the oracle bone script but appears as a component of 𢓚 and . The character shows a man () sitting on or leaning on another man (), giving the original meaning of “to stop” or “close; intimate”; the derivative refers to the latter meaning.

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

Clipping of 比丘尼 (bǐqiūní), from Sanskrit भिक्षुणी (bhikṣuṇī, female beggar) or Pali bhikkhunī (female beggar). Compare Sanskrit भिक्षु (bhikṣu, beggar).

PronunciationEdit


Note: nai4 - vernacular variant.
Note: lûi - used in 尼姑.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ni³⁵/
Harbin /ni²⁴/
Tianjin /ni⁴⁵/
Jinan /ȵi⁴²/
Qingdao /ni⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ni⁴²/
Xi'an /ni²⁴/
Xining /mji²⁴/
Yinchuan /mi⁵³/
/ni⁵³/
Lanzhou /ȵi⁵³/
Ürümqi /ȵi⁵¹/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ȵi³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /ni³¹/
Nanjing /li²⁴/
Hefei /zz̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ni¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵi¹³/
Hohhot /ni³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi²³/
Suzhou /ȵi¹³/
Hangzhou /ȵi²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³¹/
Hui Shexian /ni⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵie⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ȵi¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵi¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵi⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ni¹¹/
Taoyuan /ni¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /nei²¹/
Nanning /nɐi²¹/
Hong Kong /nei²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ni³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nɛ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni²¹/
/mi³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /nĩ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ni³¹/
/ni²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (12)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɳˠiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɳᵚi/
Shao
Rongfen
/niɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɳji/
Li
Rong
/nji/
Wang
Li
/ni/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ni/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Buddhist nun

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.

Unknown. Possibly a variant of (OC *njelʔ, “near”) (compare Mandarin () from (OC *njelʔ)), or a conflation of (OC *njelʔ, “near”) and (OC *niɡ) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (12)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɳˠiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɳᵚi/
Shao
Rongfen
/niɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɳji/
Li
Rong
/nji/
Wang
Li
/ni/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ni/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nrij ›
Old
Chinese
/*nr[əj]/
English near, close

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9428
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nil/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. near; close; intimate
  2. peaceful; calm
  3. harmonious

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (12)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɳˠiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɳᵚi/
Shao
Rongfen
/niɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɳji/
Li
Rong
/nji/
Wang
Li
/ni/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ni/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex

DefinitionsEdit

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 4Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nejX › ‹ nejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˁərʔ/ /*nˁərʔ-s/
English to stop to stop, obstruct

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to stop; to obstruct

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Taishanese) a few; a little bit; some
  2. (Taishanese) the; those
  3. (Taishanese) more; -er
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Leizhou Min) Prefix in non-face-to-face kinship terms.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
あま
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Probably ultimately from Pali amma (mother; woman).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(あま) (ama

  1. nun

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
あま
Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Clipping of アマゾン (Amazon, Amazon.com Inc).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(あま) (Ama

  1. (Internet slang) Amazon (Amazon.com Inc)
    • 2019 December 19, 闇陰ひかる@騎士団長兼任提督, Twitter[1]:
      あ、(くう)(せん)アルト()ってる(´・ω・`)でも明日(あす)(あま)から(とど)くから
      A, kūsen-Aruto utteru (´ ω `) demo asu Ama kara todoku kara
      Ah, aerial combat version of Alt is sold :( but I'll get it from Amazon tomorrow
SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC ɳˠiɪ). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: ni) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 여승 (yeoseung ni), South Korea 여승 (yeoseung i))

  1. Hanja form? of / (a Buddhist nun).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ni, này, , nơi, nầy, )

  1. place