延長

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: 6
ちょう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

(えん, en: “extend”) + (ちょう, chō: “length”)

NounEdit

延長 (hiragana えんちょう, romaji enchō)

  1. An extension of length or period.
    • 1949, 永井隆, この子を残して:
      来世 (らいせ)はこの ()時間 (じかん)延長 (えんそく)ではない。
      raise wa kono yo no jikan no ensoku de wa nai.
      The next world is not an extension of our time in this one.
  2. An extension of a rail line, road, etc.

AntonymsEdit

  • (an act of extending a length or period): 短縮 (tanshuku)

CompoundsEdit

VerbEdit

延長 + する (transitive, hiragana えんちょうする, romaji enchō suru)

  1. To extend a length or period.
    • 1907, 夏目漱石, 野分:
      しかし拘泥 (こうでい)苦痛 (くつう)一日 (いちにち) ()苦痛 (くつう)五日 (いつか)七日 (なのか)延長 (えんちょう)する苦痛 (くつう)である。
      shikashi kōdei no kutsū wa ichinichi de sumu kutsū o itsuka, nanoka ni enchō suru kutsū de aru.
      Being so particular, however, turns agonies ending in one day into ones extending into five or seven.

ConjugationEdit


MandarinEdit

simpl. 延长
trad.

PronunciationEdit

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin yáncháng
Zhuyin ㄧㄢˊ ㄔㄤˊ
IPA (key) /i̯ɛn³⁵ ʈ͡ʂʰɑŋ³⁵/

VerbEdit

延長 (traditional, Pinyin yáncháng, simplified 延长)

  1. to lengthen; to extend; to prolong
Last modified on 8 April 2014, at 14:39