永久

Contents

ChineseEdit

forever; always; perpetual (ly) (long) time; (long) duration of time
simp. and trad.
(永久)

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (永久, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (35)
Final: (112)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yǒng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦwɣiæŋX/ /ɦʷɯiaŋX/ /ɣiuaŋX/ /ɦwiajŋX/ /ɣiuɐŋX/ /ɣĭwɐŋX/ /i̯wɐŋX/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (136)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jiǔ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɨuX/ /kiuX/ /kiəuX/ /kuwX/ /kiuX/ /kĭəuX/ /ki̯ə̯uX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (永久, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yǒng ‹ hjwængX › /*[ɢ]ʷraŋʔ/ long (time)
jiǔ ‹ kjuwX › /*[k]ʷəʔ/ a long time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15423 0 /*ɢʷraŋʔ/
6969 0 /*kʷlɯʔ/

AdjectiveEdit

永久

  1. permanent, long-lasting, eternal

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
えい
Grade: 5
きゅう
Grade: 5
on'yomi

Adjectival nounEdit

永久 ‎(-na inflection, hiragana えいきゅう, romaji eikyū, historical hiragana えいきう)

  1. eternal
InflectionEdit

NounEdit

永久 ‎(hiragana えいきゅう, romaji eikyū, historical hiragana えいきう)

  1. permanence; continuing forever; being timeless; being eternally unchanging; eternity

Proper nounEdit

永久 ‎(hiragana えいきゅう, romaji Eikyū, historical hiragana えいきう)

  1. An era from 1113-7-13 to 1118-4-3, following 天永 and preceding 元永.
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

永久 ‎(hiragana とわ, romaji towa, historical hiragana とは)

  1. permanence

Etymology 3Edit

Adjectival nounEdit

永久 ‎(-na inflection, hiragana とこしえ, romaji tokoshie, historical hiragana とこしへ)

  1. Alternative form of 常しえ

NounEdit

永久 ‎(hiragana とこしえ, romaji tokoshie, historical hiragana とこしへ)

  1. Alternative form of 常しえ

Etymology 4Edit

Adjectival nounEdit

永久 ‎(-na inflection, hiragana とこしなえ, romaji tokoshinae, historical hiragana とこしなへ)

  1. Same as above.

NounEdit

永久 ‎(hiragana とこしなえ, romaji tokoshinae, historical hiragana とこしなへ)

  1. Same as above.
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