ChineseEdit

forever; always; perpetual (ly) (long) time; (long) duration of time
simp. and trad.
(永久)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (35) (28)
Final () (112) (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠwiæŋX/ /kɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚiaŋX/ /kiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuaŋX/ /kiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwiajŋX/ /kuwX/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuɐŋX/ /kiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɐŋX/ /kĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɐŋX/ /ki̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǒng jiǔ
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
wing5 gau2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǒng jiǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwængX › ‹ kjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷraŋʔ/ /*[k]ʷəʔ/
English long (time) a long time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 15423 6969
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷraŋʔ/ /*kʷlɯʔ/

AdjectiveEdit

永久

  1. permanent; long-lasting; eternal

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
えい
Grade: 5
きゅう
Grade: 5
on’yomi

AdjectiveEdit

(えい)(きゅう) (eikyūえいきう (eikiu)? -na (adnominal (えい)(きゅう) (eikyū na), adverbial (えい)(きゅう) (eikyū ni))

  1. eternal
InflectionEdit

NounEdit

(えい)(きゅう) (eikyūえいきう (eikiu)?

  1. permanence; continuing forever; being timeless; being eternally unchanging; eternity

Proper nounEdit

(えい)(きゅう) (Eikyūえいきう (eikiu)?

  1. An era from 1113-7-13 to 1118-4-3, following 天永 and preceding 元永.
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
とわ
Grade: 5 Grade: 5
jukujikun
For pronunciation and definitions of 永久 – see the following entry.
とわ
[adjective] constant, permanent, everlasting
[noun] eternity
[noun] constancy, permanence, everlastingness
Alternative spellings
永遠, 永久,
(This term, 永久, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
とこしえ
Grade: 5 Grade: 5
jukujikun
For pronunciation and definitions of 永久 – see the following entry.
とこしえ
[adjective] eternal, permanent
[noun] eternity, permanence
Alternative spellings
常しえ, 長しえ, 永久しえ, 永久
(This term, 永久, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
とこしなえ
Grade: 5 Grade: 5
jukujikun
For pronunciation and definitions of 永久 – see the following entry.
とこしなえ
[adjective] the way in which something continues unchanged for a long period of time; eternal, everlasting
[noun] This term needs a translation to English.
Alternative spellings
常しなえ, 長しなえ, 永久
(This term, 永久, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

AdjectiveEdit

永久

  1. chữ Hán form of vĩnh cửu (everlasting).