永久

Contents

ChineseEdit

forever; always; perpetual (ly) (long) time; (long) duration of time
simp. and trad.
(永久)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (35) (28)
Final () (112) (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦwɣiæŋX/ /kɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷɯiaŋX/ /kiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuaŋX/ /kiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwiajŋX/ /kuwX/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuɐŋX/ /kiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɐŋX/ /kĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɐŋX/ /ki̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǒng jiǔ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǒng jiǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwængX › ‹ kjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷraŋʔ/ /*[k]ʷəʔ/
English long (time) a long time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 15423 6969
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷraŋʔ/ /*kʷlɯʔ/

AdjectiveEdit

永久

  1. permanent, long-lasting, eternal

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
えい
Grade: 5
きゅう
Grade: 5
on'yomi

Adjectival nounEdit

永久 ‎(-na inflection, hiragana えいきゅう, romaji eikyū, historical hiragana えいきう)

  1. eternal
InflectionEdit

NounEdit

永久 ‎(hiragana えいきゅう, romaji eikyū, historical hiragana えいきう)

  1. permanence; continuing forever; being timeless; being eternally unchanging; eternity

Proper nounEdit

永久 ‎(hiragana えいきゅう, romaji Eikyū, historical hiragana えいきう)

  1. An era from 1113-7-13 to 1118-4-3, following 天永 and preceding 元永.
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

永久 ‎(hiragana とわ, romaji towa, historical hiragana とは)

  1. permanence

Etymology 3Edit

Adjectival nounEdit

永久 ‎(-na inflection, hiragana とこしえ, romaji tokoshie, historical hiragana とこしへ)

  1. Alternative form of 常しえ

NounEdit

永久 ‎(hiragana とこしえ, romaji tokoshie, historical hiragana とこしへ)

  1. Alternative form of 常しえ

Etymology 4Edit

Adjectival nounEdit

永久 ‎(-na inflection, hiragana とこしなえ, romaji tokoshinae, historical hiragana とこしなへ)

  1. Same as above.

NounEdit

永久 ‎(hiragana とこしなえ, romaji tokoshinae, historical hiragana とこしなへ)

  1. Same as above.
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