ChineseEdit

forever; always; perpetual (ly) (long) time; (long) duration of time
simp. and trad.
(永久)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (35) (28)
Final () (112) (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠwiæŋX/ /kɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚiaŋX/ /kiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuaŋX/ /kiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwiajŋX/ /kuwX/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuɐŋX/ /kiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɐŋX/ /kĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɐŋX/ /ki̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǒng jiǔ
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǒng jiǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwængX › ‹ kjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷraŋʔ/ /*[k]ʷəʔ/
English long (time) a long time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 15423 6969
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷraŋʔ/ /*kʷlɯʔ/

AdjectiveEdit

永久

  1. permanent; long-lasting; eternal

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
えい
Grade: 5
きゅう
Grade: 5
on’yomi

Adjectival nounEdit

永久(えいきゅう) (eikyū-na (adnominal 永久(えいきゅう) (eikyū na), adverbial 永久(えいきゅう) (eikyū ni), historical kana えいきう)

  1. eternal
InflectionEdit

NounEdit

永久(えいきゅう) (eikyū (historical kana えいきう)

  1. permanence; continuing forever; being timeless; being eternally unchanging; eternity

Proper nounEdit

永久(えいきゅう) (Eikyū (historical kana えいきう)

  1. An era from 1113-7-13 to 1118-4-3, following 天永 and preceding 元永.
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

永久(とわ) (towa (historical kana とは)

  1. permanence

Etymology 3Edit

  This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Related to (いにしえ) (inishie)?”

Adjectival nounEdit

永久(とこしえ) (tokoshie-na (adnominal 永久(とこしえ) (tokoshie na), adverbial 永久(とこしえ) (tokoshie ni), historical kana とこしへ)

  1. Alternative form of 常しえ

NounEdit

永久(とこしえ) (tokoshie (historical kana とこしへ)

  1. Alternative form of 常しえ

Etymology 4Edit

Adjectival nounEdit

永久(とこしなえ) (tokoshinae-na (adnominal 永久(とこしなえ) (tokoshinae na), adverbial 永久(とこしなえ) (tokoshinae ni), historical kana とこしなへ)

  1. Same as above.

NounEdit

永久(とこしなえ) (tokoshinae (historical kana とこしなへ)

  1. Same as above.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

AdjectiveEdit

永久

  1. Hán tự form of vĩnh cửu (everlasting).