U+5272, 割
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5272

[U+5271]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5273]
割 U+2F822, 割
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F822
剆
[U+2F821]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 剷
[U+2F823]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 18, +10, 12 strokes, cangjie input 十口中弓 (JRLN), four-corner 32600, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 142, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2112
  • Dae Jaweon: page 323, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 351, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5272

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːd): phonetic (OC *ɡaːds) + semantic .

EtymologyEdit

STEDT compares it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-ra-t (cut; slash), to which (OC *ɡaːds, “to harm; to injure”), (OC *kraːds, “to castrate”), (OC *raːd, “to cut; perverse”) are also compared. Descended from the Proto-Sino-Tibetan root are Tibetan དྲ་བ (dra ba, to cut) and Burmese ရှန (hra.na., wounded).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • koah - vernacular;
  • kat - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kɤ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ka²¹³/
    /ka⁴⁴/
    /ka²⁴/
    /kɤ²¹³/
    /kɤ²⁴/
    Tianjin /kɤ²¹/
    Jinan /kə²¹³/
    /ka²¹³/
    Qingdao /ka⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /kɤ²⁴/
    Xi'an /kɤ²¹/
    Xining /ku⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kə¹³/
    Lanzhou /kə¹³/
    Ürümqi /kɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /kuo²¹³/
    Chengdu /ko³¹/
    Guiyang /ko²¹/
    Kunming /ko³¹/
    Nanjing /koʔ⁵/
    Hefei /kɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /kaʔ²/
    Pingyao /kʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /kaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /kəʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /kəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /kɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /kø²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /kɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /kuːə⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /ko²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ko²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /kɵʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kot̚¹/
    Taoyuan /kot̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔt̚³/
    Nanning /kɔt̚³³/
    Hong Kong /kɔt̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kat̚³²/
    /kuaʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɑʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kuaʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kua⁵⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (63)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɑt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɑt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɑt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɑt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɑt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɑt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ge
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kat ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə-kˁat/
    English cut (v.); harm (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4851
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kaːd/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to cut; to cut apart
    2. 70th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "severance" (𝍋)
    3. to cut in self-harm; short for 割腕 (gēwàn).

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (かち) (kachi); (かつ) (katsu)
    • Korean: (, hal)

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. divide, cut
    2. proportion

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    わり
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    NounEdit

    (わり) (wari

    1. proportion
      (わり)()わない
      wari ni awanai
      unfit for the proportion
    2. tenth
      ()(わり)
      ni wari
      two-tenths

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    かつ
    Grade: 6
    on’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (かつ) (katsu

    1. cut; division

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (bel hal))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    MiyakoEdit

    KanjiEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (cát, cắt, xắt, cạt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    YaeyamaEdit

    KanjiEdit


    YonaguniEdit

    KanjiEdit