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TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note difference between Chinese form, which uses , and Japanese shinjitai which uses .

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +12 in Chinese, 心+11 in Japanese, 15 strokes in Chinese, 14 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 心金田日 (PCWA), four-corner 98066, composition(GHTK) or ⿰(J))

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 402, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11188
  • Dae Jaweon: page 742, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2356, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+618E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsrɯn
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *ʔsɯːŋs
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*sʰɯːŋs
*zɯːŋ
*zɯːŋs
*sɯːŋ
*sɯːŋ
*ʔsɯŋs
*zɯŋ
*zɯŋ
*zɯŋ
*sʰɯːŋ
*zrɯːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsɯːŋ): semantic  (heart) + phonetic  (OC *ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯːŋ).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (129)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡səŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡səŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡səŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡səŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡səŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡səŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡səŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zēng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsong ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˤəŋ/
English hate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16614
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsɯːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to hate; to detest; to abhor

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 討厭 (“to dislike; to loathe; to hate”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 討厭厭惡憎惡
Mandarin Beijing 討厭不待見
Taiwan 討厭
Jinan 討厭惡素
Xi'an 討厭
Wuhan 討厭
Chengdu 討厭見不得
Yangzhou 惡嫌討厭
Hefei 討厭格厭
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Foshan
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 討厭討嫌
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 討厭
Min Bei Jian'ou 討厭
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 討厭
Wenzhou 討厭
Xiang Changsha 討嫌厭眼
Shuangfeng 討嫌

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jeung) (hangeul , revised jeung, McCune–Reischauer chŭng, Yale cung)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tăng)

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