U+618E, 憎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-618E

[U+618D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+618F]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note difference between Chinese form, which uses , and Japanese shinjitai which uses .

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 心金田日 (PCWA), four-corner 98066, composition)

  1. hate, detest, abhor
  2. hatred

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 402, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11188
  • Dae Jaweon: page 742, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2356, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+618E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsrɯn
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *ʔsɯːŋs
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯŋ
*ʔsɯːŋ
*sʰɯːŋs
*zɯːŋ
*zɯːŋs
*sɯːŋ
*sɯːŋ
*ʔsɯŋs
*zɯŋ
*zɯŋ
*zɯŋ
*sʰɯːŋ
*zrɯːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsɯːŋ): semantic (heart) + phonetic (OC *ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯːŋ) – hatred comes from the heart, to hate with one’s heart.

Japanese shinjitai form rather  + .

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (129)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡səŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡səŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡səŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡səŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡səŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡səŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡səŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zēng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsong ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˤəŋ/
English hate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16614
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsɯːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. hate

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jeung) (hangeul , revised jeung, McCune-Reischauer chŭng, Yale cung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tăng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.