Contents

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note difference between Chinese form, which uses , and Japanese shinjitai which uses .

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsɯːŋ): semantic  ‎(heart) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯːŋ) – hatred comes from the heart, to hate with one’s heart.

Japanese shinjitai form rather  + .

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 心金田日 (PCWA), four-corner 98066, composition)

  1. hate, detest, abhor
  2. hatred

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 402, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11188
  • Dae Jaweon: page 742, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2356, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+618E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (129)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡səŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡səŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡səŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡səŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡səŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡səŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡səŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zēng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsong ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˤəŋ/
English hate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16614
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsɯːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jeung) (hangeul , revised jeung, McCune-Reischauer chŭng, Yale cung)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tăng)

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