Contents

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note difference between Chinese form, which uses , and Japanese shinjitai which uses .

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(heart) + phonetic  – hatred comes from the heart, to hate with one’s heart.

Japanese shinjitai form rather  + .

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 心金田日 (PCWA), four-corner 98066, composition)

  1. hate, detest, abhor
  2. hatred

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 402, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11188
  • Dae Jaweon: page 742, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2356, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+618E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (13)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zēng ‹ tsong › /*[ts]ˤəŋ/ hate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16614 0 /*ʔsɯːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jeung) (hangeul , revised jeung, McCune-Reischauer chŭng, Yale cung)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tăng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Read in another language