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TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木木 (DD), four-corner 44990, composition木)

Derived charactersEdit

  • (in Japanese shinjitai)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 516, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14551
  • Dae Jaweon: page 903, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1164, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6797

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·ruːm
*ɡ·ruːm
*ɡ·ruːm
*ɡ·ruːmʔ
*ɡ·ruːmʔ
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯm, *ɡ·rɯms
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯm
*ɡ·rɯmʔ, *ɡ·rɯms
*slɯmʔ, *srɯms
*r̥ʰɯm, *srɯm
*r̥ʰɯm
*r̥ʰɯm
*krɯm, *krɯms
*krɯm
*krɯms, *ŋɡrɯmʔ
澿 *ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯmʔ, *ɡrɯms
*ɡrɯmʔ, *ɡrɯms
*ɡrɯms

Duplication of (“tree”) to give the idea of multiple trees (compare ), thus a forest.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • nâ - vernacular;
  • lîm - literary (surname).
Note:
  • na5 - vernacular;
  • lim5 - literary (surname).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /lin³⁵/
Harbin /lin²⁴/
Tianjin /lin⁴⁵/
Jinan /liẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /liə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /lin⁴²/
Xi'an /liẽ²⁴/
Xining /liə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /liŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /lĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /liŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nin²¹³/
Chengdu /nin³¹/
Guiyang /nin²¹/
Kunming /lĩ¹/
Nanjing /lin²⁴/
Hefei /lin⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /liəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /liŋ¹³/
Hohhot /lĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /liŋ²³/
Suzhou /lin¹³/
Hangzhou /lin²¹³/
Wenzhou /leŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /liʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /lin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /lin¹³/
Xiangtan /nin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /lin⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lim¹¹/
Taoyuan /lim¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lɐm²¹/
Nanning /lɐm²¹/
Hong Kong /lɐm²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lim³⁵/
/na³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /liŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /leiŋ³³/
/laŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lim⁵⁵/
/nã⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lim³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/lim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lim/
Li
Rong
/liəm/
Wang
Li
/lĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lín
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lín
Middle
Chinese
‹ lim ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]əm/
English forest

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8165
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·rɯm/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. forest; grove; woods
  2. A surname​, commonly romanized as Lin, Lim, and Lam

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. woods; grove; forest; copse

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana はやし, rōmaji hayashi)

  1. woods

SynonymsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana はやし, rōmaji Hayashi)

  1. A surname​.
  2. A female given name

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana りん, rōmaji Rin)

  1. A surname​.
  2. (rare) A female given name

Usage notesEdit

As a surname, this reading is more often used by people of Chinese ancestry, since it is similar to the Mandarin Chinese reading of Lín.


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(rim>im)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): > (revised: rim>im, McCune–Reischauer: rim>im, Yale: lim>im)
    • Name (hangeul): 수풀 (revised: supul, McCune–Reischauer: supul, Yale: swuphwul)
  1. forest

CompoundsEdit



VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lâm)

  1. Forest
  2. Gathering
  3. Dense

(Lâm)

  1. A surname

ReferencesEdit