Chinese edit

 
just (right); main; upright
just (right); main; upright; straight; correct; principle; Chinese 1st month of year
 
face; side; surface
face; side; surface; aspect; top
simp. and trad.
(正面)

Pronunciation edit


Adjective edit

正面

  1. positive; good
    正面形象  ―  zhèngmiàn xíngxiàng  ―  positive image
    正面影響正面影响  ―  zhèngmiàn yǐngxiǎng  ―  positive impact
  2. direct; head-on
    正面衝突正面冲突  ―  zhèngmiàn chōngtū  ―  head-on clash
    正面回答問題 [MSC, trad.]
    正面回答问题 [MSC, simp.]
    Qǐng nǐ zhèngmiàn huídá wǒ de wèntí. [Pinyin]
    Please answer my question directly.

Antonyms edit

Noun edit

正面

  1. front; façade; frontage
  2. right side; obverse
    牛皮紙正面牛皮纸正面  ―  niúpízhǐ de zhèngmiàn  ―  the right side of kraft paper
    25美分硬幣正面華盛頓總統頭像 [MSC, trad.]
    25美分硬币正面华盛顿总统头像 [MSC, simp.]
    25 měifēn yìngbì de zhèngmiàn shì Huáshèngdùn zǒngtǒng de tóuxiàng. [Pinyin]
    The obverse of a quarter shows the profile of George Washington.
  3. (anatomy) frontal plane
  4. (Magong, Sanxia and Tainan Hokkien) right side; the right

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Japanese edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 1
めん
Grade: 3
goon

Ultimately from Middle Chinese 正面 (MC tsyeng|tsyengH mjienH).

First attested in the early 1200s.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(しょう)(めん) (shōmenしやうめん (syaumen)?

  1. [from early 1200s] front, façade (as of a building)
  2. [from 1484] direct front side of something
    正面(しょうめん)カメラ
    shōmen kamera
    camera positioned to capture from directly in front of a subject
    正面(しょうめん)から()
    shōmen kara miru
    look from directly in front
  3. [from 1903] straightforwardness, directness (especially in dealing with something)
    Synonym: 真面 (matomo, honesty, directness, straightforwardness)
  4. [from 1430] (Noh, theater) the front of the main stage
  5. [from 1803] (sumo) the north side of the 土俵場 (dohyōba, the raised square wrestling ring)
    Antonym: 裏正面 (ura-jōmen, the south side of the 土俵場 (dohyōba, the raised square wrestling ring))
  6. [late 1700s – ???] (historical) in the Shinagawa area of Edo, the front area of a brothel where prostitutes would show off and attract customers
    Synonym: 張り見世 (harimise)

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
まとも
Grade: 1 Grade: 3
jukujikun

Alternative spelling of 真面 (matomo), swapping out the broadly synonymous kanji for .

Definitions edit

For pronunciation and definitions of 正面 – see the following entry.
真面まとも
[adjective] [from at least 1803] direct, straight, frontwards
[adjective] [from 1814] honest, proper, upright, correct, appropriate
Alternative spelling
真とも
(This term, 正面, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References edit

  1. ^ Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  4. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997) 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja in this term

Noun edit

正面 (jeongmyeon) (hangeul 정면)

  1. Hanja form? of 정면 (front, façade).

Vietnamese edit

chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Adjective edit

正面

  1. chữ Hán form of chính diện.