JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From Proto-Japonic *miru. Cognate with (me, eye).

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "見る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
見る [míꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 見ろ [míꜜrò]
Key constructions
Passive 見られる られ [mìráréꜜrù]
Causative 見させる させ [mìsáséꜜrù]
Potential 見られる られ [mìráréꜜrù]
Volitional 見よう [mìyóꜜò]
Negative 見ない ない [míꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 見なかった なかった [míꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 見ます [mìmáꜜsù]
Perfective 見た [míꜜtà]
Conjunctive 見て [míꜜtè]
Hypothetical conditional 見れば れば [míꜜrèbà]

VerbEdit

() (mirutransitive ichidan (stem () (mi), past () (mita))

Japanese verb pair
causative ()せる
active ()
mediopassive ()える
  1. to see, to watch, to observe, to look at something
  2. to look over, to examine, to judge
  3. to take care of, to look after, to keep an eye on somebody
  4. to view something, like paintings, flowers or a movie
    (えい)()()()
    eiga o mi ni iku
    to go see a movie
    あの(かん)(とく)(えい)()()ことありません
    Ano kantoku no eiga o mita koto wa arimasen.
    I haven't seen any of that director's movies before.
  5. みる: (after the te form of a verb) to try to do (literally, “[do the preceding verb and] see”)
    納豆(なっとう)()べてみません
    Nattō o tabete mimasen ka.
    Why not try [to eat] natto?
    ()まで(きみ)()きてみたい
    shinu made kimi to ikite mitai yo
    Until death I want to try to live with you
    (あや)しい(とびら)()けてみたくない
    ayashī tobira o akete mitakunai yo
    I don't want to try to open the weird door!

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit
  • This auxiliary usage implies that the action has never been attempted by the subject.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Uwano, Zendo (2002-10-31), “見島方言の用言のアクセント調査報告 [A Report on the Accentual Surveys of Verbs and Adjectives in the Mishima Dialect]”, in 環太平洋の「消滅に瀕した言語」にかんする緊急調査研究 [Endangered languages of the Pacific Rim]‎[1], ISSN 1346-082X
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN