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U+53F3, 右
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53F3

[U+53F2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53F4]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order (Japan)
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 大口 (KR), four-corner 40600, composition𠂇)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 173, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3250
  • Dae Jaweon: page 385, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 569, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+53F3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːʔ
*qʰɯːʔ
*qʰʷɯs
*ɢʷɯʔ, *qʷɯ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ, *ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs, *ɡʷɯ
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*ɢʷɯs
*qʰʷɯːʔ
*qʰʷɯːʔ, *ɡʷɯː
*ɡʷɯː
*ɢraːw, *ɢʷɯːʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*ɢʷɯʔ
*qʷɯ
*qʷɯ
*ɡʷɯ

Originally (OC *ɢʷɯs, “right hand”) in the oracle bone script.

In bronze inscriptions, a (“mouth; speech”) component was added, perhaps with the intention of indicating the use of (OC *ɢʷɯs, “again”) is a phonetic loan. In other words, the current form is a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷɯʔ, *ɢʷɯs): phonetic  (OC *ɢʷɯs) + semantic .

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-(j/r)a (right (hand)).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuwX/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǒu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷəʔ/
English right hand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15597
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷɯʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. right (direction)
      ―  yòushǒu  ―  right hand
  2. west; areas to the west
  3. (historical) right side as the side of precedence
  4. (politics) right-wing
  5. A surname​.
AntonymsEdit
  • (zuǒ, “left”)

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuwH/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yòu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷəʔ-s/ (~ *m-qʷəʔ)
English right hand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15604
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷɯs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Original form of (yòu).
  2. Original form of (yòu).
  3. to take sb's side
  4. Alternative form of (yòu).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. right
  2. conservative
  3. right-wing, right fielder
  4. respect for
  5. aid, assist, counsel

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
みぎ
Grade: 1
kun’yomi
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana みぎ, rōmaji migi)

  1. right (direction)
    • 1999 July 22, “ふういんされしものみぎあし [Right Leg of the Sealed One]”, in Vol.4, Konami:
       (ふう) (いん)された (みぎ) (あし) (ふう) (いん) ()くと、 () (げん) (ちから) ()られる。
      Fūinsareta migiashi. Fūin o toku to, mugen no chikara o erareru.
      A sealed right leg. Whosoever breaks the seal shall earn infinite power.
  2. (in vertical writing of Japanese, with columns running right to left) the above statement, foregoing
  3. (politics) the right wing, a rightist
  4. (historical) a superior during in the Chinese Warring States period
    Synonym: 上位 (jōi)
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
ProverbsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
みぎり
Grade: 1
Irregular

The final (ri) is likely by analogy with its antonym (hidari, left).[3]

NounEdit

(hiragana みぎり, rōmaji migiri)

  1. (archaic) Same as みぎ (migi) above

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ゆう
Grade: 1
kan’on

The “right (direction)” and “respect, esteem, value” senses are from Middle Chinese (MC ɦɨuX).

The “aid, assist” sense is from Middle Chinese / (MC ɦɨuH).

The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(hiragana ゆう, rōmaji , historical hiragana いう)

  1. right (direction)
  2. respect; esteem; value
  3. Alternative form of (, aid; assist)

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
goon

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɨuX).

The goon pronunciation, so likely the initial borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji u)

  1. right (direction)
  2. (politics) right-wing
  3. (baseball) right fielder

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(u)

  1. Right (Direction)

CompoundsEdit

  1. 左右 (좌우, jwau) left and right
  2. 左右하다 (좌우하다, jwauhada) (to) influence
  3. 右回轉 (좌우회전, uhoejeon) right turn
  4. 右側 (우측, ucheug) right side
  5. 右側步行 (우측보행, ucheug bohaeng) (to) walk on the right side

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hữu)

  1. right (direction)