See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +16, 19 strokes, cangjie input 水木中金 (EDLC), four-corner 31186, composition)

  1. swift current
  2. rapids

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 660, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18672
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1070, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1782, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7028

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑiH/ /lɑiH/ /lɑiH/ /lɑiH/ /lajH/ /lɑiH/ /lɑiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
lài ‹ lajH › /*C.rˤa[t]-s/ rapids

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7634 1 /*raːds/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. swift current
  2. rapids

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(roe, noe) (hangeul , , revised roe, noe, McCune-Reischauer roe, noe, Yale loy, noy)

  1. rapids
  2. swift current
  3. submit to
  4. dependence, trust, reliance
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