ChineseEdit

 
to be born; to give birth; life
to be born; to give birth; life; to grow; student; raw
life; fate
simp. and trad.
(生命)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (21) (4)
Final () (109) (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠæŋ/ /mˠiæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚaŋ/ /mᵚiaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃaŋ/ /miaŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂaɨjŋ/ /miajŋH/
Li
Rong
/ʃɐŋ/ /miɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/ʃɐŋ/ /mĭɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂɐŋ/ /mi̯ɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēng mìng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shēng mìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ sræng › ‹ mjængH ›
Old
Chinese
/*sreŋ/ (MC srj- > sr-; or *s.reŋ ?) /*m-riŋ-s/ (dialect: *m-r- > *mr-, *-iŋ> *-eŋ)
English bear, be born; live command (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 11312 8275
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰleːŋ/ /*mreŋs/
Notes

NounEdit

生命

  1. (countable, uncountable) life (Classifier: m c;  m c)
    生命寶貴 / 生命宝贵  ―  shēngmìng bǎoguì  ―  life is precious
    浪費生命 / 浪费生命  ―  làngfèi shēngmìng  ―  to waste one's life
    外星生命  ―  wàixīng shēngmìng  ―  extraterrestrial life
    生命意義 / 生命意义  ―  shēngmìng de yìyì  ―  the meaning of life
    危及某人生命 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    wēijí dào mǒurén de shēngmìng [Pinyin]
    to endanger someone's life
    珍惜生命拒絕毒品 [MSC, trad.]
    珍惜生命拒绝毒品 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhēnxī shēngmìng, jùjué dúpǐn. [Pinyin]
    Cherish life, say no to drugs.
    死亡生命終點遺忘 [MSC, trad.]
    死亡生命终点遗忘 [MSC, simp.]
    Sǐwáng bù shì shēngmìng de zhōngdiǎn, yíwàng cái shì. [Pinyin]
    Death is not the end of life; forgetting is.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (生命):
  • Japanese: 生命(せいめい) (seimei)
  • Korean: 생명 (生命, saengmyeong)
  • Vietnamese: sinh mệnh (生命)

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 1
めい
Grade: 3
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(せい)(めい) (seimei

  1. life; one's existence

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

生命 (saengmyeong) (hangeul 생명)

  1. Hanja form? of 생명 (life).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

生命

  1. Hán tự form of sinh mệnh (life).