See also: and
U+6606, 昆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6606

[U+6605]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6607]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 72, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 日心心 (APP), four-corner 60711, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 490, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13792
  • Dae Jaweon: page 852, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1489, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6606

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意): + .

Etymology 1Edit

“elder brother”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(g/k)əw-n (elder brother; senior male relative); cognate with (OC *ɡuʔ, “maternal uncle”) (Benedict, 1972; STEDT).
Alternatively, it may be related to Middle Mon ကော (kao, elder brother), with nominal suffix -n added (Schuessler, 2007).
“descendants; later”
Perhaps from Proto-Mon-Khmer *kuun (child); cognate with Min (“son; child”) (Schuessler, 2007) and with ancient Chu dialect (OC *koːn, “child; offspring”) (Ye, 2014); cf. also some rear meanings of the characters (OC *kroːns, “young child”), (OC *kuːn, “roe; fish egg”) and (OC *kruːn, “roe”) (ibid.). In modern Wu dialects the character (OC *koːn) is used to mean "children" (ibid.).
“many; numerous”
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-kul (twenty; all); cognate with (OC *ɡlun, “herd; all”) (Schuessler, 2007; STEDT).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit


Note: gwan1 - variant.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuən/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuon/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwən/
Li
Rong
/kuən/
Wang
Li
/kuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gūn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kūn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwon ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˁu[n]/
English elder brother

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7519
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kuːn/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. simultaneously
  2. elder brother
  3. descendants
  4. later
  5. many; numerous
  6. Alternative form of (kūn).
  7. Short for 昆明 (Kūnmíng).
  8. A surname​.
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 昆侖昆仑 (húnlún), alternative form of 渾淪浑沦 (húnlún).

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (hùn, “to unite”).
  2. 54th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "unity" (𝌻)

Etymology 4Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“dot=”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
Notes:

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. A swarm of or an organism that swarms (e.g. bugs), an organism that forms in large groups (e.g. kombu)
  2. elder brother
  3. descendants, great-great-great-great grandchild

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC kuən). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: kwon) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 맏형 (mathyeong gon))

  1. Hanja form? of (swarm).
  2. Hanja form? of (the eldest brother).

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(con, côn, gon)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.