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See also: 葫芦

Contents

ChineseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

phonetic
trad. (葫蘆)
simp. (葫芦)
alt. forms 壺蘆壶芦
胡盧胡卢
胡蘆胡芦
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
葫蘆
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Guoyu Cidian has "以其果實狀似壺及蘆,故稱為「壺蘆」", but how does it look like reed?”

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (32) (37)
Final () (23) (23) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () I I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuo/ /huo/ /luo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuo/ /huo/ /luo/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣo/ /xo/ /lo/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɔ/ /hɔ/ /lɔ/
Li
Rong
/ɣo/ /xo/ /lo/
Wang
Li
/ɣu/ /xu/ /lu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuo/ /xuo/ /luo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hu › ‹ lu ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤa/ /*C.rˤa/
English gourd lúwěi 蘆葦 reed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/2
No. 4244 4252 5203
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaː/ /*ɡaː/ /*raː/

NounEdit

葫蘆

  1. () bottle gourd; calabash
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
Sino-Xenic (葫蘆):

Others:

Etymology 2Edit

Allium scorodoprasum; bottle gourd rush; reed; Phragmites communis
trad. (葫蘆)
simp. (葫芦)
alt. forms 夫佬
俘虜俘虏

Phono-semantic matching of English full.

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

葫蘆

  1. (Cantonese, card games) full house

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 葫蘆 (MC ɦuo|huo lɨʌ|luo, literally “gourd + rushes, reeds”). Compare modern Min Nan reading hô͘-lô͘.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

葫蘆 (hiragana ころ, rōmaji koro)

  1. bottle gourd, calabash

Usage notesEdit

This term koro appears to be quite rare. The term 瓢箪 (hyōtan) is used more commonly to mean gourd or calabash.