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U+5C0D, 對
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C0D

[U+5C0C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C0E]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 41, +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 廿土木戈 (TGDI), four-corner 34100, composition ⿰⿱𦍌)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tuːbs
*tuːbs, *tubs
*duːbs
*duːbs
*dubs

In the oracle bone and bronze scripts, it was an ideogrammic compound (會意):  (tool for digging) +  (earth) +  (hand). The original meaning of the character is unclear, but it may be “to develop (land)”. It was later borrowed for “to reply”. Compare , .

In the seal script, has become the related . Shuowen has two seal script forms for this character: 𡭊 (main form) and (alternative form). The main form, which has a (“mouth”), was probably created to specialize the character to signify “to reply”, but this form was not inherited in later scripts. Shuowen interprets the latter form (shown above) as a form that Emperor Wen of Han created by replacing with (“soldier; warrior”) because many of the replies were untruthful (just lip service), but it is more likely that is a corruption of .

PronunciationEdit


Note: ùi - towards (a place).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (42)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tuoiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tuɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/twəjH/
Li
Rong
/tuᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/tuɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
duì
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
duì
Middle
Chinese
‹ twojH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[t]ˁ[u]p-s/
English respond

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2580
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuːbs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. correct; true; right
  2. towards; to
  3. to treat
  4. paired; contrasting
  5. to match
    • 不上 / 不上  ―  duì bùshàng  ―  does not match
  6. to respond; to answer
  7. to check; to verify
  8. Classifier for pairs of objects: pair
  9. according to
  10. versus; vs.
  11. (Min Nan) from

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of (“correct”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 正確
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Malaysia
Singapore
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang ,
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian ,
Xingning
Huidong (Daling)
Qujiang
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang)
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou , 𣍐錯
Min Dong Fuzhou , 無綻
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Penang
Singapore
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou ,
Shantou ,
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng ,

AntonymsEdit

  • (correct): (cuò, “wrong; error/fault”)

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:

CompoundsEdit

Further readingEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. correct, right
  2. facing, opposed

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC tuʌiH). Attested in the Hunmong jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527, as Middle Korean ᄃᆡ〯 (Yale: toy).

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 대할 (daehal dae))

  1. Hanja form? of (to answer; to reply).
  2. Hanja form? of (to face; to confront).
  3. Hanja form? of (opponent; counterpart).
  4. Hanja form? of (opposite; contrasting).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đỗi, dối, đôi, đối, nhói, tối, tụi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.