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U+846B, 葫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-846B

[U+846A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+846C]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿十口月 (TJRB), four-corner 44627, composition)

  1. bottle-gourd

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1045, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31443
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1507, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3244, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+846B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaːls
*kaːls
*kɯ, *kas
*kaː, *kʰaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːs, *ɡaːʔ
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːʔ, *kaːs
*kaː, *kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːs
*kaːs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaːʔ, *kʰaːs
*qʰaː, *ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ, *ɡaːɡs
*ɡaːʔ
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *kas, *kʰa
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *ɡa
*kas
*kas
*kas
*ɡaːɡ

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hô͘ - literary;
  • ô͘ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (32)
Final () (23) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuo/ /huo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuo/ /huo/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣo/ /xo/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɔ/ /hɔ/
Li
Rong
/ɣo/ /xo/
Wang
Li
/ɣu/ /xu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuo/ /xuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hu ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤa/
English gourd

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4244 4252
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaː/ /*ɡaː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. gourd, bottle-gourd
  2. garlic

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
にんにく
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Said to be from 忍辱.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana にんにく, katakana ニンニク, rōmaji ninniku)

  1. garlic
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ニンニク.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ひる
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ひる, rōmaji hiru)

  1. allium

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KikaiEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana ふぃる, romaji firu)

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ふぃる, romaji firu)

  1. garlic

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ho) (hangeul , revised ho, McCune-Reischauer ho, Yale ho)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana ひる, romaji hiru)

EtymologyEdit

Attested in the 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”) as ひる (hiru).[1]

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ひる, romaji hiru)

  1. garlic

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1896: 沖縄語典 (Okinawa Goten, “Okinawan Dictionary”). In Japanese. http://kindai.ndl.go.jp/info:ndljp/pid/992016/77

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hồ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

YoronEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana ぴる, romaji piru)

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ぴる, romaji piru)

  1. garlic

ReferencesEdit