TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
仙-bw.png

Alternative formsEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人山 (OU), four-corner 22270, composition)

  1. ascend, ascended, ascending, transcend, transcended, transcending, transcendent, transcendence
  2. a sage, an enlightened person
  3. a Taoist hermit or super-being
  4. a Buddhist deva, a immortal spirit or a fairy

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 92, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 374
  • Dae Jaweon: page 196, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 114, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4ED9

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (仙), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 相然切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siᴇn/ /si̯ɛn/ /siɛn/ /siɛn/ /sian/ /sĭɛn/ /sjæn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiān ‹ sjen › /*[s]a[r]/ immortal (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11060 2 /*sen/

NounEdit

  1. A xian, a Taoist immortal; a fairy; a celestial being
SynonymsEdit
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Transliteration of English cent.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

  1. (money, Cantonese, Min Nan) cent

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
せん
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(sjen, literally immortal). Compare modern Mandarin reading xiān and Cantonese reading sin1.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana せん, romaji sen)

  1. a sage or hermit, an enlightened person, usually immortal and ageless
  2. (mythology) short for 仙人 ‎(sennin): a wizard or mage; an immortal living as a hermit in the mountains
  3. by extension, the region or area where a sennin lives
  4. the supernatural techniques for becoming immortal and ageless
  5. a person of exceptional talent

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
せんと
Grade: S
Irregular

Borrowing from English cent.[1][2] The kanji spelling is an example of jukujikun.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(katakana セント, hiragana せんと, romaji sento)

  1. one one-hundredth of a dollar: a cent
Usage notesEdit

This word is almost always spelled in katakana as セント.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tiên)

NounEdit

  1. fairy
Read in another language