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ChineseEdit

 
to move; to transport; to use; to apply; fortune; luck; fate
 
to move; to change; to use; to act
trad. (運動)
simp. (运动)

EtymologyEdit

Attestable in ancient Chinese texts. For the sense of "sports", wasei kango (和製漢語), orthographically borrowed from Japanese 運動 (うんどう) (undō)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (35) (7)
Final () (59) (1)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨunH/ /duŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiunH/ /duŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuənH/ /duŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦunH/ /dəwŋX/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuənH/ /duŋX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuənH/ /duŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uənH/ /dʱuŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yùn dòng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yùn dòng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjunH › ‹ duwngX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷər-s/ /*[Cə-m-]tˁoŋʔ/
English turn round, move move

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 7341 17449
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢuns/ /*doːŋʔ/

VerbEdit

運動

  1. to exercise; to move about
  2. to get things done by pulling strings

SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

運動

  1. sports; athletics; exercise; game
    球類運動 / 球类运动  ―  qiúlèi yùndòng  ―  ball games
  2. (physics) movement; motion
  3. (politics) movement; campaign
    掃盲運動 / 扫盲运动  ―  sǎománg yùndòng  ―  movement to eliminate illiteracy
    平權運動 / 平权运动  ―  píngquán yùndòng  ―  equal rights movement

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
うん
Grade: 3
どう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

NounEdit

運動 (hiragana うんどう, rōmaji undō)

  1. athletics, exercise
  2. (politics) movement, drive, campaign
  3. (physics) movement

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

運動する (intransitive, suru conjugation, hiragana うんどうする, rōmaji undō suru)

  1. exercise, work out

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

運動 (undong) (hangeul 운동)

  1. Hanja form? of 운동 (exercise; physical activity; sport; movement in general).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

VerbEdit

運動

  1. Hán tự form of vận động (to move; to be in motion).