U+5944, 奄
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5944

[U+5943]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5945]

U+FA7E, 奄
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA7E

[U+FA7D]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs 奔
[U+FA7F]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 37, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大中田山 (KLWU), four-corner 40716, composition (GTJKV) or (T))

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 250, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5881
  • Dae Jaweon: page 510, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 534, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5944

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms suddenly

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意): (big) + (extend) – to cover.

Pronunciation 1 edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (154)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter 'jemX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiᴇmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚiɛmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiæmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjiamX/
Li
Rong
/ʔjɛmX/
Wang
Li
/ĭɛmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ɛmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǎn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jim2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjemX ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔ(r)omʔ/
English cover

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14344
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qromʔ/

Definitions edit

  1. to cover; to surround; to include
  2. suddenly; abruptly; quickly; hastily

Compounds edit

Pronunciation 2 edit


Definitions edit

  1. feeble
  2. a surname

Compounds edit

Pronunciation 3 edit


Definitions edit

  1. Alternative form of (yān, to castrate; eunuch)
  2. Alternative form of (yān, to remain; to tarry)

Compounds edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. cover
  2. suffocate
  3. obstruct

Readings edit

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eom) (hangeul , revised eom, McCune–Reischauer ŏm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: yêm, yểm, ăm, im, em

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References edit

Từ Điển Hán Nôm