U+5944, 奄
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5944

[U+5943]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5945]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 37, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大中田山 (KLWU), four-corner 40716, composition(GTJKV) or ⿱(T))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 250, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5881
  • Dae Jaweon: page 510, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 534, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5944

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (big) + (extend) – to cover.

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (154)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiᴇmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚiɛmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiæmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjiamX/
Li
Rong
/ʔjɛmX/
Wang
Li
/ĭɛmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ɛmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǎn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jim2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjemX ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔ(r)omʔ/
English cover

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14344
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qromʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to cover
  2. hastily; quickly; suddenly

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. feeble
  2. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (yān, “castrate; eunuch”).
  2. Alternative form of (yān, “to remain; to tarry”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. cover
  2. suffocate
  3. obstruct

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eom) (hangeul , revised eom, McCune–Reischauer ŏm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: yêm, yểm, ăm, im, em

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit

Từ Điển Hán Nôm