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JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative spelling 暗い

From Old Japanese.[1] Found in the Nihon Shoki of 720 CE.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

くらい (-i inflection, rōmaji kurai)

  1. dark; dim
  2. sombre; gloomy
InflectionEdit
AntonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative spelling

/kurawi//kurai/

Originally a compound of (kura, seat, where something is placed) +‎ (wi, being, existing in a place), literally referring to "where one is", and by extension, "status, rank, position; degree".[1][2] Appears from at least as early as The Tale of Genji (prior to 1021 CE).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

AdverbEdit

くらい (rōmaji kurai, historical hiragana くらゐ)

  1. about, approximately
    新宿 (しんじゅく)はどれくらい (とお)いですか。
    Shinjuku wa dore kurai tōi desu ka.
    How far is Shinjuku?
    十分 (じゅっぷん)ぐらい ()かる
    Juppun gurai kakaru.
    It takes about ten minutes.
See alsoEdit

NounEdit

くらい (rōmaji kurai, historical hiragana くらゐ)

  1. : grade, rank, standing
     (くらい) ()がる (くらい) (くだ)
    Kurai ga agaru, kurai ga kudasu.
    To rise in rank, to lower in rank.
     (くらい) (たか) (ひと)
    Kurai no takai hito.
    A high-ranked person.
  2. : the throne, the crown
     (くらい) (ゆず)
    Kurai o yuzuru.
    Abdicate the throne.
     (くらい)つく
    Kurai ni tsuku.
    Assume the throne.
  3. : (mathematics) place, position
Derived termsEdit

SuffixEdit

くらい (rōmaji -kurai)

  1. : seat, position, rank, grade

Etymology 3Edit

Alternative spelling 食らい

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

くらい (rōmaji kurai, historical hiragana くらひ)

  1. (usually in compounds) eating

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN