U+6297, 抗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6297

[U+6296]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6298]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手卜竹弓 (QYHN), four-corner 50017, composition)

  1. resist, oppose, defy, reject

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 422, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11889
  • Dae Jaweon: page 769, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1843, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6297

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰaːŋs, *ɡaːŋ): semantic + phonetic (OC *kaːŋ, *kʰaːŋs).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰɑŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰaŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰɑŋ⁵³/
Jinan /kʰaŋ²¹/
Qingdao /kʰaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kʰaŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /kʰɔ̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /kʰɑŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰɑ̃¹³/
Ürümqi /kʰɑŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰaŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /kʰaŋ¹³/
Guiyang /kʰaŋ²¹³/
Kunming /kʰã̠¹/
Nanjing /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /kʰɑ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰɒ̃¹¹/ ~不住
/kʰɒ̃⁴⁵/ 抵~
Pingyao /kʰɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /kʰɑ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kʰɑ̃³⁵/
Suzhou /kʰɑ̃⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kʰɑŋ⁵³/
Wenzhou /kʰuɔ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kʰa³²⁴/
Tunxi /kʰau⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /kʰan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kʰɔn⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kʰɔŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kʰoŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /kʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɔŋ³³/
Nanning /kʰɔŋ³³/
Hong Kong /kʰɔŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰɔŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɔuŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kaŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰaŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xaŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (29)
Final () (101) (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑŋ/ /kʰɑŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑŋ/ /kʰɑŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑŋ/ /kʰɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaŋ/ /kʰaŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑŋ/ /kʰɑŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑŋ/ /kʰɑŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑŋ/ /kʰɑŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
háng kàng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ khangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰˁaŋ-s/
English set up; oppose; protect

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 7365 7388
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰaːŋs/ /*ɡaːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to resist, to oppose
    日戰爭 / 日战争  ―  kàngrì zhànzhēng  ―  "War of Resistance Against Japan" (the Second Sino-Japanese War)
  2. (obsolete) to raise; to lift; to elevate; to hold high

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. fight against
  2. meet head on
  3. contravene
  4. to disagree with

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɑŋ).

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 막을 (mageul hang))

  1. Hanja form? of (fight against).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kháng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.