Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic .

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手卜竹弓 (QYHN), four-corner 50017, composition)

  1. resist, oppose, defy, reject

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 422, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11889
  • Dae Jaweon: page 769, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1843, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6297

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰɑŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰaŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰɑŋ⁵³/
Jinan /kʰaŋ²¹/
Qingdao /kʰaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kʰaŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /kʰɔ̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /kʰɑŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰɑ̃¹³/
Ürümqi /kʰɑŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /kʰaŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /kʰaŋ¹³/
Guiyang /kʰaŋ²¹³/
Kunming /kʰã̠¹/
Nanjing /kʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /kʰɑ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰɒ̃¹¹/ ~不住
/kʰɒ̃⁴⁵/ 抵~
Pingyao /kʰɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /kʰɑ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kʰɑ̃³⁵/
Suzhou /kʰɑ̃⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kʰɑŋ⁵³/
Wenzhou /kʰuɔ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kʰa³²⁴/
Tunxi /kʰau⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /kʰan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kʰɔn⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kʰɔŋ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kʰoŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /kʰoŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɔŋ³³/
Nanning /kʰɔŋ³³/
Hong Kong /kʰɔŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰɔŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɔuŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kaŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰaŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xaŋ³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɑŋ/ /ɣɑŋ/ /ɣɑŋ/ /ɦɑŋ/ /ɦaŋ/ /ɣɑŋ/ /ɣɑŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (29)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑŋH/ /kʰɑŋH/ /kʰɑŋH/ /kʰɑŋH/ /kʰaŋH/ /kʰɑŋH/ /kʰɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kàng ‹ khangH › /*kʰˤaŋ-s/ set up; oppose; protect

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7365 0 /*kʰaːŋs/
7388 0 /*ɡaːŋ/

VerbEdit

  1. to resist, to oppose
    戰爭 / 战争  ―  kàngrì zhànzhēng  ―  "War of Resistance Against Japan" (the Second Sino-Japanese War)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. fight against
  2. meet head on
  3. contravene
  4. to disagree with

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hang) (hangeul , revised hang, McCune-Reischauer hang, Yale hang)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kháng)

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