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See also: AX, Ax, ax̱, .ax, -ax, and ах

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

ax (plural axes)

  1. (US) Alternative spelling of axe

VerbEdit

ax (third-person singular simple present axes, present participle axing, simple past and past participle axed)

  1. Alternative spelling of axe

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English acsian/axian, showing metathesis from ascian. Ax/aks was the regular literary form until about 1600.

VerbEdit

ax (third-person singular simple present axes, present participle axing, simple past and past participle axed)

  1. (now dialectal or nonstandard, especially African American Vernacular) Alternative form of ask
    1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Acts I:
    When they were come togedder, they axed off hym, sayinge: Master wilt thou at this tyme restore agayne the kyngdom of israhel?
    1879, William Barnes, “The Welshnut Tree”, in Complete Poems of William Barnes, volume 1, page 106:
    Ar try who'l ax em the hardest riddle, / Ar soonest vind out oone put us, true;
    1979, Verna Mae Slone, What My Heart Wants to Tell, Kentucky 1988, p. 18:
    ‘I axed him if he knowed the way and he said he had not fergitten the lay of the land.’

Usage noteEdit

According to the American Heritage Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2000), the form “ax” is now associated with African American Vernacular English, but in the past it was common among “white” Americans as well, especially in New England, and is a feature of some British dialects. It was a common word in English for 1000 years (Chaucer used both forms interchangeably), but is now stigmatized as substandard. This is similar to the case of words like ain't which were also perfectly acceptable in the past.


Eastern Huasteca NahuatlEdit

AdverbEdit

ax

  1. not

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse ax, from Proto-Germanic *ahsą.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ax n (genitive singular ax, nominative plural öx)

  1. ear (of corn)

DeclensionEdit


Jamaican CreoleEdit

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

ax

  1. ask

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English æx, æcs, from Proto-Germanic *akwisī.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ax (plural axes)

  1. An axe (tool)
  2. An axe (weapon)
DescendantsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English eax, from Proto-Germanic *ahsō.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ax (plural axes)

  1. (rare) An axle, axletree, pole
Derived termsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Old FrenchEdit

ContractionEdit

ax

  1. Contraction of a + les (to the)

Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *ahsą.

NounEdit

ax n (genitive ax, plural ǫx)

  1. ear (of corn)

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Icelandic: ax
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: aks
  • Norwegian Bokmål: aks
  • Swedish: ax
  • Westrobothnian: aks
  • Danish: aks

ReferencesEdit

ax in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press


SwedishEdit

NounEdit

ax n

  1. an ear (fruiting body of a grain plant)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of ax 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ax axet ax axen
Genitive ax axets ax axens