See also: Bidden

English

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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bidden

  1. past participle of bid
  2. past participle of bide

Derived terms

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Anagrams

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Danish

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Noun

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bidden c

  1. definite singular of bid

Dutch

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Etymology

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From Middle Dutch bidden, from Old Dutch bidden, from Proto-West Germanic *biddjan, from Proto-Germanic *bidjaną (to ask), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰédʰyeti.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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bidden

  1. (intransitive) to pray
    Bidden tot God.To pray to God.
    Zij hebben de gewoonte om vijf maal per dag te bidden.They have the custom of praying five times a day.
  2. (transitive) to pray to (often with a preposition phrase)
    Ze bad God om vergiffenis.She prayed to God for forgiveness.
  3. (transitive, formal) to bid
    Ik bid u vaarwel.I bid you farewell.
  4. (intransitive, ornithology, birdwatching) to hover (of birds), to use wings to remain in the same place in mid-air
    De torenvalk speurde biddend naar zijn prooi.The kestrel sought his prey while hovering.

Inflection

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Conjugation of bidden (strong class 5)
infinitive bidden
past singular bad
past participle gebeden
infinitive bidden
gerund bidden n
present tense past tense
1st person singular bid bad
2nd person sing. (jij) bidt, bid2 bad
2nd person sing. (u) bidt bad
2nd person sing. (gij) bidt baadt
3rd person singular bidt bad
plural bidden baden
subjunctive sing.1 bidde bade
subjunctive plur.1 bidden baden
imperative sing. bid
imperative plur.1 bidt
participles biddend gebeden
1) Archaic. 2) In case of inversion.

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Afrikaans: bid
  • Negerhollands: bed, bet, bit

Low German

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Etymology

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From Old Saxon biddian, from Proto-Germanic *bidjaną (to ask), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰedʰ-. Compare Dutch bidden, West Frisian bidde, German bitten, English bid, Danish bede.

Verb

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bidden (third-person singular simple present biddt, past tense beed, past participle beden, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. to ask
    He beed € 12,50 to kriegen. — He asked to have €12.50.
  2. to pray
    De Sassen beden Saxnot mehr as alle annern Gödder. — The Saxons prayed Saxnot more than any other god.
  3. to request
    Ik bidd en beten Stillde! — Silence!
  4. To bid
    Ik bidd jo Fahrwoll. — I bid you farewell.

Conjugation

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Luxembourgish

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Etymology

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From Middle High German bieten, from Old High German beodan, northern variant of biotan. Cognate with German bieten, Dutch bieden, English bid.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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bidden (third-person singular present bitt, past participle gebueden, auxiliary verb hunn)

  1. (transitive) to offer
  2. (transitive or intransitive) to bid (e.g. at an auction)
  3. (reflexive, of an opportunity) to occur, to arise

Conjugation

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Regular
infinitive bidden
participle gebueden
auxiliary hunn
present
indicative
imperative
1st singular bidden
2nd singular bitts bitt
3rd singular bitt
1st plural bidden
2nd plural bitt bitt
3rd plural bidden
(n) or (nn) indicates the Eifeler Regel.

Middle Dutch

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Etymology

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From Old Dutch bidden, from Proto-West Germanic *biddjan.

Verb

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bidden

  1. to pray
  2. to ask, to request
  3. to beg
  4. to invite

Inflection

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Strong class 5
Infinitive bidden
3rd sg. past bat
3rd pl. past bâden
Past participle gebēden
Infinitive bidden
In genitive biddens
In dative biddene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular bidde bat
2nd singular bits, biddes bâets, bâdes
3rd singular bit, biddet bat
1st plural bidden bâden
2nd plural bit, biddet bâet, bâdet
3rd plural bidden bâden
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular bidde bâde
2nd singular bits, biddes bâdes
3rd singular bidde bâde
1st plural bidden bâden
2nd plural bit, biddet bâdet
3rd plural bidden bâden
Imperative Present
Singular bit, bidde
Plural bit, biddet
Present Past
Participle biddende gebēden

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Further reading

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Middle English

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Etymology

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From Old English biddan.

Verb

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bidden (third-person singular simple present biddeth, present participle biddende, biddynge, first-/third-person singular past indicative bad, past participle beden)

  1. To ask, beseech
  2. To demand
  3. To command

Descendants

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References

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Old Dutch

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Etymology

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From Proto-West Germanic *biddjan.

Verb

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bidden

  1. to ask urgently, to request, to beg

Inflection

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This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants

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Further reading

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  • bidden”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012