English edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English bēde (prayer, request, supplication, order, command, rosary, bead), from Old English gebed (prayer, petition, supplication, religious service, an ordinance), from Proto-West Germanic *bed, from Proto-Germanic *bedą (prayer, entreaty). Cognate with Dutch gebed and bede, German Gebet.

Noun edit

bede (plural bedes)

  1. Prayer, request, supplication
    • 1875 March, Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, volume 15, number 87:
      Thus originated the alms-(or bede-) houses so frequently met with in the retired villages of England.
    • 1885–1888, Richard F[rancis] Burton, transl. and editor, A Plain and Literal Translation of the Arabian Nights’ Entertainments, now Entituled The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night [], Shammar edition, volume (please specify the volume), [London]: [] Burton Club [], →OCLC:
      By Allah thy bede is good indeed and right is thy rede!
    • 2008, Time to Ditch St. George:
      [] because miracles had frequently been done at his burial-place, even at the bede-house where he was buried.
    • 2011, Where Did Beaded Flowers Come From?:
      Because of the length of the original rosary, it became customary to pay someone, usually a resident of an almshouse, to recite the prayers. These people were referred to as bede women or men, and it was they who made the first bead flowers.
  2. Rosary.
    • 1566, Sir David Lindsay, A Dialogue betweene Experience and a Courtier:
      In Pilgrimage from towne to towne: With offring and with Drilon: To them they bable on their bedes: That they may helpe them in their nedes.
    • 1642, William Prynne, A Pleasant Purge, for a Roman Catholike, to Evacuate His Evill Humours, page 20:
      Or doe they use their Bedes alone to finde That tale of Paters which they seldome minde?
    • 1870, William Morris, The Earthly Paradise:
      Towards a rude hermitage he made To fetch the priest unto his need, To bury her and say her bede
    • 1910, Hilaire Belloc, “The Little Serving Maid”, in Verses, page 39:
      Then the Little Serving Maid She went and laid her down, With her cross and her bede, In her new courting gown.

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English bēden (to offer), from Old English bēodan, from Proto-Germanic *beudaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewdʰ-. Germanic cognates include Old Frisian biada, Old Saxon biodan (Low German beden), Dutch bieden, Old High German biotan (German bieten), Old Norse bjóða (Swedish bjuda (command, show)), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌰𐌱𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰𐌽 (anabiudan). The Indo-European root is also the source of Ancient Greek πευθεσθαι (peuthesthai, ask for), Sanskrit बोधयित (bodhayita, wake), Old Church Slavonic бъдѣти (bŭděti) (Russian будить (buditʹ, wake)), Lithuanian budeti (awake). See also bid.

Verb edit

bede (third-person singular simple present bedes, present participle beding, simple past bade, past participle bode or boden)

  1. pray, offer, proffer
  2. request, demand, order, command, forbid
  3. proclaim, declare
  4. present, counsel, advise, rede, exhort
    • 1450, Merlin:
      They of londone [] boden hem to ben lyht of herte.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Unknown?

Noun edit

bede (plural bedes)

  1. (mining) A kind of pickaxe.
References edit

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for “bede”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.)

  • Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia, 1911
  • Middle English Dictionary

Anagrams edit

Danish edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /beːðə/, [ˈb̥eðð̩]

Noun edit

bede c (singular definite beden, plural indefinite beder)

  1. beet (the root plant Beta vulgaris)
Declension edit

References edit

Etymology 2 edit

Either the Danish noun derives from a now-archaic verb bede (to castrate, geld, wether), which derives from Middle Low German böten, or the noun derives from a Middle Low German noun bete.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /beːðə/, [ˈb̥eðð̩]

Noun edit

bede c (singular definite beden, plural indefinite beder)

  1. wether (a castrated ram)
Declension edit

References edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Old Norse biðja, from Proto-Germanic *bidjaną (to ask). Cognate with Swedish be, bedja, English bid, Dutch bidden, and German bitten. The Germanic verb probably goes back to Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰedʰ-, cf. Polish żądać (to demand) and Ancient Greek θέσσασθαι (théssasthai, to pray).

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

bede (past tense bad, past participle bedt)

  1. (transitive) to ask, request (to demand something from someone, with the person as an object and with the preposition om + the thing asked for)
  2. (transitive) to beg, entreat, implore (to plead to someone about something, with the person as an object and with the preposition om + the thing asked for)
  3. (intransitive) to pray (to address a divinity, with the preposition til + the addressed divinity)
Conjugation edit

References edit

Etymology 4 edit

From Old Norse beita (to let graze, rest), from Proto-Germanic *baitijaną, cognate with Norwegian beite (English bait is borrowed from Old Norse). A causative of the verb *bītaną (to bite) (cf. Danish bide).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /beːðə/, [ˈb̥eðð̩]

Verb edit

bede (past tense bedede, past participle bedet)

  1. (dated) to make a halt, take a rest
Conjugation edit

References edit

Etymology 5 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /beːðə/, [ˈb̥eðð̩]

Noun edit

bede n pl

  1. indefinite plural of bed

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Dutch bede, from Old Dutch beda.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbeː.də/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: be‧de
  • Rhymes: -eːdə

Noun edit

bede f (plural beden or bedes, diminutive bedetje n)

  1. plea
  2. (historical) a tax that was presented to lower-level governments as a petition for a lump sum; raising the tax was left to the lower-level governments
  3. (archaic) a prayer

Derived terms edit

Middle Dutch edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Dutch beda, from Proto-Germanic *bedō.

Noun edit

bēde f

  1. prayer
  2. plea, request
Inflection edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants edit
  • Dutch: bede

Etymology 2 edit

Determiner edit

bêde

  1. (Flemish) Alternative form of beide
Inflection edit

This determiner needs an inflection-table template.

Further reading edit

Middle English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old English ġebedu, plural of ġebed (prayer), from Proto-West Germanic *gabed; reinforced by Old English bedu (request).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bede (plural bedes or beden)

  1. prayer (the act of supplication)
  2. prayer (a supplication)
  3. A command or order.
  4. A bead from a rosary.
  5. (by extension) Any bead.

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Danish bede.

Verb edit

bede (imperative bed, present tense beder, passive bedes, simple past bad, past participle bedt, present participle bedende)

  1. (archaic) to ask; request
  2. to pray

Synonyms edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse biðja.

Pronunciation 1 edit

Verb edit

bede (present tense bed, past tense bad, past participle bede or bedd or bedt, present participle bedande, imperative bed)

  1. Alternative form of beda

Pronunciation 2 edit

Participle edit

bede

  1. past participle of beda

References edit

Old High German edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *bai, whence also Old Norse báðir.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

bēde

  1. both

Descendants edit

References edit

  • Joseph Wright, An Old High-German Primer with Grammar, Notes and Glossary, Oxford, 1888, p. 143.

Old Irish edit

Verb edit

bede

  1. second-person plural present subjunctive of is

Pennsylvania German edit

Etymology edit

Compare German beten. Related to English bead.

Verb edit

bede

  1. to pray

Serbo-Croatian edit

Noun edit

bede (Cyrillic spelling беде)

  1. genitive singular of beda