See also: bédé, bêdê, bědě, and będę

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English bēde (prayer, request, supplication, order, command, rosary, bead), from Old English gebed (prayer, petition, supplication, religious service, an ordinance), from Proto-West Germanic *bed, from Proto-Germanic *bedą (prayer, entreaty). Cognate with Dutch gebed and bede, German Gebet.

NounEdit

bede (plural bedes)

  1. prayer, request, supplication
    • 1875 March, in Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Volume 15 Number 87:
      Thus originated the alms-(or bede-) houses so frequently met with in the retired villages of England.
    • 1885, Richard F. Burton, The Book of The Thousand Nights And A Night:
      By Allah thy bede is good indeed and right is thy rede!
    • 2008, Time to Ditch St. George:
      [] because miracles had frequently been done at his burial-place, even at the bede-house where he was buried.
    • 2011, Where Did Beaded Flowers Come From?:
      Because of the length of the original rosary, it became customary to pay someone, usually a resident of an almshouse, to recite the prayers. These people were referred to as bede women or men, and it was they who made the first bead flowers.
  2. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) order, command
  3. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) rosary
    • 1566, Sir David Lindsay, A Dialogue betweene Experience and a Courtier:
      In Pilgrimage from towne to towne: With offring and with Drilon: To them they bable on their bedes: That they may helpe them in their nedes.
    • 1642, William Prynne, A Pleasant Purge, for a Roman Catholike, to Evacuate His Evill Humours, page 20:
      Or doe they use their Bedes alone to finde That tale of Paters which they seldome minde?
    • 1870, William Morris, The Earthly Paradise:
      Towards a rude hermitage he made To fetch the priest unto his need, To bury her and say her bede
    • 1910, Hilaire Belloc, “The Little Serving Maid”, in Verses, page 39:
      Then the Little Serving Maid She went and laid her down, With her cross and her bede, In her new courting gown.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English bēden (to pray, offer, proffer, request, demand, order, command, forbid; proclaim, declare; present, counsel, advise, exhort), from Old English bēodan (to command, decree, summon, banish, declare, inform, announce, proclaim; threaten, offer, proffer, give, grant, surrender), from Proto-Germanic *beudaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewdʰ-. Germanic cognates include Old Frisian biada, Old Saxon biodan (Low German beden), Dutch bieden, Old High German biotan (German bieten), Old Norse bjóða (Swedish bjuda (command, show)), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌰𐌱𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰𐌽 (anabiudan). The Indo-European root is also the source of Ancient Greek πευθεσθαι (peuthesthai, ask for), Sanskrit बोधयित (bodhayita, wake), Old Church Slavonic бъдѣти (bŭděti) (Russian будить (buditʹ, wake)), Lithuanian budeti (awake). See also bid.

VerbEdit

bede (third-person singular simple present bedes, present participle beding, simple past bade, past participle bode or boden)

  1. pray, offer, proffer
    • 1500, The Towneley Plays:
      Sir, a bargan bede I you.
  2. request, demand, order, command, forbid
  3. proclaim, declare
  4. present, counsel, advise, rede, exhort
    • 1450, Merlin:
      They of londone [] boden hem to ben lyht of herte.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Unknown?

NounEdit

bede (plural bedes)

  1. (mining) A kind of pickaxe.
ReferencesEdit

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for bede in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

  • Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia, 1911
  • Middle English Dictionary

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /beːðə/, [ˈb̥eðð̩]

NounEdit

bede c (singular definite beden, plural indefinite beder)

  1. beet (the root plant Beta vulgaris)
InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Either the Danish noun derives from a now-archaic verb bede (to castrate, geld, wether), which derives from Middle Low German böten, or the noun derives from a Middle Low German noun bete.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /beːðə/, [ˈb̥eðð̩]

NounEdit

bede c (singular definite beden, plural indefinite beder)

  1. wether (a castrated ram)
InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Norse biðja, from Proto-Germanic *bidjaną (to ask). Cognate with Swedish be, bedja, English bid, Dutch bidden, and German bitten. The Germanic verb probably goes back to Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰedʰ-, cf. Polish żądać (to demand) and Ancient Greek θέσσασθαι (théssasthai, to pray)

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

bede (past tense bad, past participle bedt)

  1. (transitive) to ask, request (to demand something from someone, with the person as an object and with the preposition om + the thing asked for)
  2. (transitive) to beg, entreat, implore (to plead to someone about something, with the person as an object and with the preposition om + the thing asked for)
  3. (intransitive) to pray (to address a divinity, with the preposition til + the addressed divinity)
InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From Old Norse beita (to let graze, rest), from Proto-Germanic *baitijaną, cognate with Norwegian beite (English bait is borrowed from Old Norse). A causative of the verb *bītaną (to bite) (cf. Danish bide).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /beːðə/, [ˈb̥eðð̩]

VerbEdit

bede (past tense bedede, past participle bedet)

  1. (dated) to make a halt, take a rest
InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 5Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /beːðə/, [ˈb̥eðð̩]

NounEdit

bede n pl

  1. indefinite plural of bed

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch bede, from Old Dutch beda.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbeː.də/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: be‧de
  • Rhymes: -eːdə

NounEdit

bede f (plural beden or bedes, diminutive bedetje n)

  1. plea
  2. (historical) a tax that was presented to lower-level governments as a petition for a lump sum; raising the tax was left to the lower-level governments
  3. (archaic) a prayer

Derived termsEdit


Middle DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch beda, from Proto-Germanic *bedō.

NounEdit

bēde f

  1. prayer
  2. plea, request
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit
  • Dutch: bede

Etymology 2Edit

DeterminerEdit

bêde

  1. (Flemish) Alternative form of beide
InflectionEdit

This determiner needs an inflection-table template.

Further readingEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English ġebedu, plural of ġebed (prayer), from Proto-West Germanic *gabed; reinforced by Old English bedu (request).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bede (plural bedes or beden)

  1. prayer (the act of supplication)
  2. prayer (a supplication)
  3. A command or order.
  4. A bead from a rosary.
  5. (by extension) Any bead.

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse biðja, compare with Danish bede

VerbEdit

bede (imperative bed, present tense beder, passive bedes, simple past bad, past participle bedt, present participle bedende)

  1. (archaic) to ask; request
  2. to pray

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse biðja

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bede (present tense bed, past tense bad, past participle bede or bedd or bedt, present participle bedande, imperative bed)

  1. to ask; request
  2. to pray

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old High GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *bai, whence also Old Norse báðir.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bēde

  1. both

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Joseph Wright, An Old High-German Primer with Grammar, Notes and Glossary, Oxford, 1888, p. 143.

Old IrishEdit

VerbEdit

bede

  1. second-person plural present subjunctive of is

Pennsylvania GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare German beten. Related to English bead.

VerbEdit

bede

  1. to pray