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See also: Bona, bóna, böna, bøna, and -bona

Contents

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sabir bona (good), from Italian buono (good),[en 1] from Latin bonus (good), from Old Latin duenos (good), from Proto-Italic *dwenos (good), from Proto-Indo-European *dew- (to show favor, revere).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bona (comparative more bona, superlative most bona)

  1. (Polari) Good.
    • 1966, Hugh Paddick and Kenneth Williams as Julian and Sandy, Bona Tattoos (Round the Horne), season 2, written by Kenneth Horne:
      SANDY: Oh, get him! The vanity of the man. Well, p'raps not Nelson then. How about reproductions of great masterpieces?
      JULIAN: A bona idea. Now, let me see...
    • 1997, Gardiner, James, Who's a Pretty Boy Then?, page 137:
      Will you take a varder at the cartz on the feely-omi in the naf strides: the one with the bona blue ogles polarying the omi-palone with a vogue on and a cod sheitel.
    • 1997, Lucas, Ian, “The Color of His Eyes: Polari and the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence”, in Anna Livia, Kira Hall, editors, Queerly Phrased: Language, Gender, and Sexuality, page 90:
      Bona to vada you.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

AdverbEdit

bona (comparative more bona, superlative most bona)

  1. (Polari) Well.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Baker, Paul (2004) Fantabulosa: A Dictionary of Polari and Gay Slang, Bloomsbury Publishing, →ISBN, page 71

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bona f

  1. feminine singular of bo

EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Common Romance, ultimately from Latin bonus.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbo.na/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bo‧na

AdjectiveEdit

bona (accusative singular bonan, plural bonaj, accusative plural bonajn)

  1. good
    • 1910, L. L. Zamenhof, "Proverbaro Esperanta":
      Mensoganto devas havi bonan memoron.
      A liar has to have a good memory.

AntonymsEdit


IdoEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bona

  1. good

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


ItalianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bona f

  1. Feminine singular of adjective bono.

LadinEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bona f

  1. feminine singular of bon

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Inflection of the adjective bonus (good).

AdjectiveEdit

bona

  1. nominative feminine singular of bonus
  2. nominative neuter plural of bonus
  3. accusative neuter plural of bonus
  4. vocative feminine singular of bonus
  5. vocative neuter plural of bonus

AdjectiveEdit

bonā

  1. ablative feminine singular of bonus

Etymology 2Edit

Feminine of the noun bonus (a good man).

NounEdit

bona f (genitive bonae); first declension

  1. A good or brave woman.
DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative bona bonae
Genitive bonae bonārum
Dative bonae bonīs
Accusative bonam bonās
Ablative bonā bonīs
Vocative bona bonae

Etymology 3Edit

Inflection of the noun bonum (a good thing).

NounEdit

bona

  1. nominative plural of bonum
  2. accusative plural of bonum
  3. vocative plural of bonum

ReferencesEdit

  • bona in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • bona in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • bona in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to meet with good weather: tempestatem idoneam, bonam nancisci
    • (ambiguous) to enjoy good health: bona (firma, prospera) valetudine esse or uti (vid. sect. VI. 8., note uti...)
    • (ambiguous) to reward amply; to give manifold recompense for: bonam (praeclaram) gratiam referre
    • (ambiguous) to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bona, mala existimatio est de aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to be gifted, talented (not praeditum esse by itself): bona indole (always in sing.) praeditum esse
    • (ambiguous) he is a young man of great promise: adulescens alios bene de se sperare iubet, bonam spem ostendit or alii de adulescente bene sperare possunt
    • (ambiguous) to take a thing in good (bad) part: in bonam (malam) partem accipere aliquid
    • (ambiguous) natural advantages: naturae bona
    • (ambiguous) to recover one's reason, be reasonable again: ad bonam frugem se recipere
    • (ambiguous) to bless (curse) a person: precari alicui bene (male) or omnia bona (mala), salutem
    • (ambiguous) to possess means, to be well off: rem or opes habere, bona possidere, in bonis esse
    • (ambiguous) to squander all one's property: lacerare bona sua (Verr. 3. 70. 164)
    • (ambiguous) to confiscate a person's property: bona alicuius publicare (B. G. 5. 54)
    • (ambiguous) to restore to a person his confiscated property: bona alicui restituere
    • (ambiguous) allow me to say: bona (cum) venia tua dixerim
  • bona in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • bona in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Northern NdebeleEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

PronounEdit

boná

  1. they, them; class 2 absolute pronoun.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

PronounEdit

boná

  1. it; class 14 absolute pronoun.

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Nguni *-bóná, from Proto-Bantu *-bóna.

VerbEdit

-bôna

  1. to see
InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Northern SothoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-bóna.

VerbEdit

bona

  1. to see

Old High GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *baunō, whence also Old Saxon bōna, Old English bēan, Old Norse baun. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰabʰ-.

NounEdit

bōna f

  1. (botany) A bean

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle High German: bōne

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bona

  1. genitive singular of bun

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bona bona
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbona
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old OccitanEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bona f

  1. feminine singular of bon

Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *baunō, whence also Old English bēan, Old Frisian bāne, Old High German bōna, Old Norse baun. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰabʰ-.

NounEdit

bōna f

  1. (botany) A bean

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Low German: bōne
    • German Low German: Bohn
      Plautdietsch: Boon
    • Saterland Frisian: Boone
    • Westrobothnian: bø̂n

PhuthiEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

PronounEdit

boná

  1. they, them; class 2 absolute pronoun.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

PronounEdit

boná

  1. it; class 14 absolute pronoun.

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Nguni *-bóná, from Proto-Bantu *-bóna.

VerbEdit

-bóna

  1. to see
InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Serbo-CroatianEdit

InterjectionEdit

bóna (Cyrillic spelling бо́на)

  1. (Bosnia, informal) a way of addressing a familiar female
    Alo, bona. Šta radiš?Hey. What are you doing?

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • bona” in Hrvatski jezični portal

SothoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Bantu *-bóna.

VerbEdit

bona

  1. to see

Southern NdebeleEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *-bóná, from Proto-Bantu *-bóna.

VerbEdit

-bôna

  1. to see
InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

PronounEdit

boná

  1. they, them; class 2 absolute pronoun.

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

PronounEdit

boná

  1. it; class 14 absolute pronoun.

SwaziEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

PronounEdit

boná

  1. they, them; class 2 absolute pronoun.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

PronounEdit

boná

  1. it; class 14 absolute pronoun.

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Nguni *-bóná, from Proto-Bantu *-bóna.

VerbEdit

-bóna

  1. to see
InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


SwedishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

bona

  1. definite plural of bo

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

VerbEdit

bona

  1. to wax or polish a floor
    en hvirflande vals på slottssalens bonade och försåtligt hala parkettgolf.
    a whirling walz on the waxed and treacherously slippery parquet floor of the castle hall
  2. (rare or archaic) to equip, to decorate, to dress, to wrap (see also ombona)
ConjugationEdit

See alsoEdit


VenetianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bona f

  1. feminine singular of bon

XhosaEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

boná

  1. they, them; class 2 absolute pronoun.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

boná

  1. it; class 14 absolute pronoun.

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Nguni *-bóná, from Proto-Bantu *-bóna.

VerbEdit

-bôna

  1. to see
InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived termsEdit

ZuluEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

boná

  1. they, them; class 2 absolute pronoun.
InflectionEdit
Stem -bo, poss. stem -bó
Full form boná
Locative kúbo
Full form boná
Locative kúbo
Copulative yíbo
Possessive forms
Modifier Substantive
Class 1 wâbo ówâbo
Class 2 bâbo ábâbo
Class 3 wâbo ówâbo
Class 4 yâbo éyâbo
Class 5 lâbo élâbo
Class 6 âbo áwâbo
Class 7 sâbo ésâbo
Class 8 zâbo ézâbo
Class 9 yâbo éyâbo
Class 10 zâbo ézâbo
Class 11 lwâbo ólwâbo
Class 14 bâbo óbâbo
Class 15 kwâbo ókwâbo
Class 17 kwâbo ókwâbo

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nguni *boná.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

boná

  1. it; class 14 absolute pronoun.
InflectionEdit
Stem -bo, poss. stem -bó
Full form boná
Locative kúbo
Full form boná
Locative kúbo
Copulative yíbo
Possessive forms
Modifier Substantive
Class 1 wâbo ówâbo
Class 2 bâbo ábâbo
Class 3 wâbo ówâbo
Class 4 yâbo éyâbo
Class 5 lâbo élâbo
Class 6 âbo áwâbo
Class 7 sâbo ésâbo
Class 8 zâbo ézâbo
Class 9 yâbo éyâbo
Class 10 zâbo ézâbo
Class 11 lwâbo ólwâbo
Class 14 bâbo óbâbo
Class 15 kwâbo ókwâbo
Class 17 kwâbo ókwâbo

Etymology 3Edit

From Proto-Nguni *-bóná, from Proto-Bantu *-bóna.

VerbEdit

-bôna

  1. (transitive) to see
  2. (transitive) to understand, to comprehend
  3. (transitive) to recognise
  4. (transitive) to seek out, to visit
InflectionEdit
Tone HH
Infinitive ukubona
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukubona ukungaboni
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular bona -bone
Plural bonani -boneni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyabona, ngibona engibonayo, engibona ngibona angiboni engingaboni ngingaboni
2nd singular uyabona, ubona obonayo, obona ubona awuboni ongaboni ungaboni
1st plural siyabona, sibona esibonayo, esibona sibona asiboni esingaboni singaboni
2nd plural niyabona, nibona enibonayo, enibona nibona aniboni eningaboni ningaboni
Class 1 uyabona, ubona obonayo, obona ebona akaboni ongaboni engaboni
Class 2 bayabona, babona ababonayo, ababona bebona ababoni abangaboni bengaboni
Class 3 uyabona, ubona obonayo, obona ubona awuboni ongaboni ungaboni
Class 4 iyabona, ibona ebonayo, ebona ibona ayiboni engaboni ingaboni
Class 5 liyabona, libona elibonayo, elibona libona aliboni elingaboni lingaboni
Class 6 ayabona, abona abonayo, abona ebona awaboni angaboni engaboni
Class 7 siyabona, sibona esibonayo, esibona sibona asiboni esingaboni singaboni
Class 8 ziyabona, zibona ezibonayo, ezibona zibona aziboni ezingaboni zingaboni
Class 9 iyabona, ibona ebonayo, ebona ibona ayiboni engaboni ingaboni
Class 10 ziyabona, zibona ezibonayo, ezibona zibona aziboni ezingaboni zingaboni
Class 11 luyabona, lubona olubonayo, olubona lubona aluboni olungaboni lungaboni
Class 14 buyabona, bubona obubonayo, obubona bubona abuboni obungaboni bungaboni
Class 15 kuyabona, kubona okubonayo, okubona kubona akuboni okungaboni kungaboni
Class 17 kuyabona, kubona okubonayo, okubona kubona akuboni okungaboni kungaboni
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngibonile, ngibonē engibonile, engibonē ngibonile, ngibonē angibonanga engingabonanga ngingabonanga
2nd singular ubonile, ubonē obonile, obonē ubonile, ubonē awubonanga ongabonanga ungabonanga
1st plural sibonile, sibonē esibonile, esibonē sibonile, sibonē asibonanga esingabonanga singabonanga
2nd plural nibonile, nibonē enibonile, enibonē nibonile, nibonē anibonanga eningabonanga ningabonanga
Class 1 ubonile, ubonē obonile, obonē ebonile, ebonē akabonanga ongabonanga engabonanga
Class 2 babonile, babonē ababonile, ababonē bebonile, bebonē ababonanga abangabonanga bengabonanga
Class 3 ubonile, ubonē obonile, obonē ubonile, ubonē awubonanga ongabonanga ungabonanga
Class 4 ibonile, ibonē ebonile, ebonē ibonile, ibonē ayibonanga engabonanga ingabonanga
Class 5 libonile, libonē elibonile, elibonē libonile, libonē alibonanga elingabonanga lingabonanga
Class 6 abonile, abonē abonile, abonē ebonile, ebonē awabonanga angabonanga engabonanga
Class 7 sibonile, sibonē esibonile, esibonē sibonile, sibonē asibonanga esingabonanga singabonanga
Class 8 zibonile, zibonē ezibonile, ezibonē zibonile, zibonē azibonanga ezingabonanga zingabonanga
Class 9 ibonile, ibonē ebonile, ebonē ibonile, ibonē ayibonanga engabonanga ingabonanga
Class 10 zibonile, zibonē ezibonile, ezibonē zibonile, zibonē azibonanga ezingabonanga zingabonanga
Class 11 lubonile, lubonē olubonile, olubonē lubonile, lubonē alubonanga olungabonanga lungabonanga
Class 14 bubonile, bubonē obubonile, obubonē bubonile, bubonē abubonanga obungabonanga bungabonanga
Class 15 kubonile, kubonē okubonile, okubonē kubonile, kubonē akubonanga okungabonanga kungabonanga
Class 17 kubonile, kubonē okubonile, okubonē kubonile, kubonē akubonanga okungabonanga kungabonanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngābona engābona ngābona angibonanga engingabonanga ngingabonanga
2nd singular wābona owābona wābona awubonanga ongabonanga ungabonanga
1st plural sābona esābona sābona asibonanga esingabonanga singabonanga
2nd plural nābona enābona nābona anibonanga eningabonanga ningabonanga
Class 1 wābona owābona ābona akabonanga ongabonanga engabonanga
Class 2 bābona abābona bābona ababonanga abangabonanga bengabonanga
Class 3 wābona owābona wābona awubonanga ongabonanga ungabonanga
Class 4 yābona eyābona yābona ayibonanga engabonanga ingabonanga
Class 5 lābona elābona lābona alibonanga elingabonanga lingabonanga
Class 6 ābona ābona ābona awabonanga angabonanga engabonanga
Class 7 sābona esābona sābona asibonanga esingabonanga singabonanga
Class 8 zābona ezābona zābona azibonanga ezingabonanga zingabonanga
Class 9 yābona eyābona yābona ayibonanga engabonanga ingabonanga
Class 10 zābona ezābona zābona azibonanga ezingabonanga zingabonanga
Class 11 lwābona olwābona lwābona alubonanga olungabonanga lungabonanga
Class 14 bābona obābona bābona abubonanga obungabonanga bungabonanga
Class 15 kwābona okwābona kwābona akubonanga okungabonanga kungabonanga
Class 17 kwābona okwābona kwābona akubonanga okungabonanga kungabonanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingabona ngingabona ngingebone ngingebone
2nd singular ungabona ungabona ungebone ungebone
1st plural singabona singabona singebone singebone
2nd plural ningabona ningabona ningebone ningebone
Class 1 angabona engabona angebone engebone
Class 2 bangabona bengabona bangebone bengebone
Class 3 ungabona ungabona ungebone ungebone
Class 4 ingabona ingabona ingebone ingebone
Class 5 lingabona lingabona lingebone lingebone
Class 6 angabona engabona angebone engebone
Class 7 singabona singabona singebone singebone
Class 8 zingabona zingabona zingebone zingebone
Class 9 ingabona ingabona ingebone ingebone
Class 10 zingabona zingabona zingebone zingebone
Class 11 lungabona lungabona lungebone lungebone
Class 14 bungabona bungabona bungebone bungebone
Class 15 kungabona kungabona kungebone kungebone
Class 17 kungabona kungabona kungebone kungebone
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizobona engizobona ngizobona angizubona engingezubona ngingezubona
2nd singular uzobona ozobona uzobona awuzubona ongezubona ungezubona
1st plural sizobona esizobona sizobona asizubona esingezubona singezubona
2nd plural nizobona enizobona nizobona anizubona eningezubona ningezubona
Class 1 uzobona ozobona ezobona akazubona ongezubona engezubona
Class 2 bazobona abazobona bezobona abazubona abangezubona bengezubona
Class 3 uzobona ozobona uzobona awuzubona ongezubona ungezubona
Class 4 izobona ezobona izobona ayizubona engezubona ingezubona
Class 5 lizobona elizobona lizobona alizubona elingezubona lingezubona
Class 6 azobona azobona ezobona awazubona angezubona engezubona
Class 7 sizobona esizobona sizobona asizubona esingezubona singezubona
Class 8 zizobona ezizobona zizobona azizubona ezingezubona zingezubona
Class 9 izobona ezobona izobona ayizubona engezubona ingezubona
Class 10 zizobona ezizobona zizobona azizubona ezingezubona zingezubona
Class 11 luzobona oluzobona luzobona aluzubona olungezubona lungezubona
Class 14 buzobona obuzobona buzobona abuzubona obungezubona bungezubona
Class 15 kuzobona okuzobona kuzobona akuzubona okungezubona kungezubona
Class 17 kuzobona okuzobona kuzobona akuzubona okungezubona kungezubona
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyobona engiyobona ngiyobona angiyubona engingeyubona ngingeyubona
2nd singular uyobona oyobona uyobona awuyubona ongeyubona ungeyubona
1st plural siyobona esiyobona siyobona asiyubona esingeyubona singeyubona
2nd plural niyobona eniyobona niyobona aniyubona eningeyubona ningeyubona
Class 1 uyobona oyobona eyobona akayubona ongeyubona engeyubona
Class 2 bayobona abayobona beyobona abayubona abangeyubona bengeyubona
Class 3 uyobona oyobona uyobona awuyubona ongeyubona ungeyubona
Class 4 iyobona eyobona iyobona ayiyubona engeyubona ingeyubona
Class 5 liyobona eliyobona liyobona aliyubona elingeyubona lingeyubona
Class 6 ayobona ayobona eyobona awayubona angeyubona engeyubona
Class 7 siyobona esiyobona siyobona asiyubona esingeyubona singeyubona
Class 8 ziyobona eziyobona ziyobona aziyubona ezingeyubona zingeyubona
Class 9 iyobona eyobona iyobona ayiyubona engeyubona ingeyubona
Class 10 ziyobona eziyobona ziyobona aziyubona ezingeyubona zingeyubona
Class 11 luyobona oluyobona luyobona aluyubona olungeyubona lungeyubona
Class 14 buyobona obuyobona buyobona abuyubona obungeyubona bungeyubona
Class 15 kuyobona okuyobona kuyobona akuyubona okungeyubona kungeyubona
Class 17 kuyobona okuyobona kuyobona akuyubona okungeyubona kungeyubona
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngibone ngingaboni
2nd singular ubone ungaboni
1st plural sibone singaboni
2nd plural nibone ningaboni
Class 1 abone angaboni
Class 2 babone bangaboni
Class 3 ubone ungaboni
Class 4 ibone ingaboni
Class 5 libone lingaboni
Class 6 abone angaboni
Class 7 sibone singaboni
Class 8 zibone zingaboni
Class 9 ibone ingaboni
Class 10 zibone zingaboni
Class 11 lubone lungaboni
Class 14 bubone bungaboni
Class 15 kubone kungaboni
Class 17 kubone kungaboni
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngabona ngangabona, angabona, angangabona
2nd singular wabona wangabona, awabona, awangabona
1st plural sabona sangabona, asabona, asangabona
2nd plural nabona nangabona, anabona, anangabona
Class 1 wabona wangabona, akabona, akangabona
Class 2 babona bangabona, ababona, abangabona
Class 3 wabona wangabona, awabona, awangabona
Class 4 yabona yangabona, ayabona, ayangabona
Class 5 labona langabona, alabona, alangabona
Class 6 abona angabona, awabona, awangabona
Class 7 sabona sangabona, asabona, asangabona
Class 8 zabona zangabona, azabona, azangabona
Class 9 yabona yangabona, ayabona, ayangabona
Class 10 zabona zangabona, azabona, azangabona
Class 11 lwabona lwangabona, alwabona, alwangabona
Class 14 babona bangabona, ababona, abangabona
Class 15 kwabona kwangabona, akwabona, akwangabona
Class 17 kwabona kwangabona, akwabona, akwangabona
Derived termsEdit