See also: Bane, bañe, bañé, and banë

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /beɪn/
    • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bane
  • Rhymes: -eɪn

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English bane, from Old English bana, from Proto-Germanic *banô (compare Old High German bano (death), Icelandic bani (bane, death)), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰon-on-, from the o-grade of *gʷʰen- (to strike, to kill).

NounEdit

bane (countable and uncountable, plural banes)

  1. A cause of misery or death.
    Synonyms: affliction, curse
    Antonym: boon
    the bane of one's existence
    • [1633], George Herbert, [Nicholas Ferrar], editor, The Temple: Sacred Poems, and Private Ejaculations, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: [] Thomas Buck and Roger Daniel; and are to be sold by Francis Green, [], OCLC 1048966979; reprinted London: Elliot Stock, [], 1885, OCLC 54151361:
      Money, thou bane of bliss, and source of woe.
    • 1961 September, B. Perren, “The Tilbury Line serves industrial North Thameside”, in Modern Railways, page 556:
      At Barking, previously the bane of L.T.S. operating staff, the new works have now simplified the working of traffic from four converging routes in the area.
  2. (dated) Poison, especially any of several poisonous plants.
  3. (obsolete) A killer, murderer, slayer.
  4. (obsolete) Destruction; death.
  5. A disease of sheep.
    Synonym: rot
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

bane (third-person singular simple present banes, present participle baning, simple past and past participle baned)

  1. (transitive) To kill, especially by poison; to be the poison of.
  2. (transitive) To be the bane of.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English ban (northern dialect), from Old English bān.

NounEdit

bane (plural banes)

  1. (chiefly Scotland) bone
    • 1686, "Lyke-Wake Dirge" as printed in The Oxford Book of English Verse (1900) p. 361:
      The fire will burn thee to the bare bane.

ReferencesEdit

  • Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Old Norse bani

NounEdit

bane

  1. bane, person/thing/event that kills someone or something

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

bane

  1. track
  2. trajectory

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bane

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of banen

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

bane

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ばね

LatinEdit

NounEdit

bane

  1. vocative singular of banus

ManxEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish bán, from Proto-Celtic *bānos (white).

AdjectiveEdit

bane (plural baney, comparative baney)

  1. white, blank, pallid
    Er cabbyl bane va mee.My mount was a white horse.
    Haink daah bane yn aggle er.He blanched with fear.
  2. fair, blonde
    Shen Illiam Bane.That's fair-haired William.
  3. fallow
    Faag y magher bane.Leave the field lea.

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bane vane mane
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

See alsoEdit

Colors in Manx · daaghyn (layout · text)
     bane      lheeah      doo
             jiarg; feer-yiarg              jiarg-bwee; dhone              bwee; bane-wuigh
                          geayney, glass             
                          gorrym-ghlass, speyr-ghorrym              gorrym
             plooreenagh              jiarg gorrym              jiarg-bane

Middle DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch *bana, from Proto-Germanic *banō.

NounEdit

bāne f

  1. open field, battlefield
  2. lane, track (for playing balls)
  3. road, way, path
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit
  • Dutch: baan
    • Afrikaans: baan
    • Indonesian: ban
  • Limburgish: baan

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Dutch *bano, from Proto-Germanic *banô.

NounEdit

bāne f or m

  1. harm, pain
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Further readingEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English bana, in turn from Proto-Germanic *banô.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bane (plural banes)

  1. murderer, slayer
  2. bane, destroyer
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

bane (plural banes)

  1. Alternative form of bon

Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Low German bane, compare with German Bahn

NounEdit

bane m (definite singular banen, indefinite plural baner, definite plural banene)

  1. a trajectory
  2. a railway line
  3. a sports field
  4. a racing track
  5. orbit (of a satellite, including the moon)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse bani

NounEdit

bane m (definite singular banen, indefinite plural baner, definite plural banene)

  1. death (by murder)

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle Low German bane, compare with German bahnen.

VerbEdit

bane (imperative ban, present tense baner, passive banes, simple past bana or banet or bante, past participle bana or banet or bant, present participle banende)

  1. to pave, as in
    bane vei for - pave the way for

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Low German bane, compare with German Bahn

NounEdit

bane m or f (definite singular banen or bana, indefinite plural banar or baner, definite plural banane or banene)

  1. a trajectory
  2. a railway line
  3. a sports field
  4. a racing track
  5. orbit (of a satellite, including the moon)
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse bani

NounEdit

bane m (definite singular banen, indefinite plural banar, definite plural banane)

  1. death (by murder)

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle Low German bane

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

bane (present tense banar, past tense bana, past participle bana, passive infinitive banast, present participle banande, imperative ban)

  1. to pave, as in
    bane veg for - pave the way for

ReferencesEdit


Old FrisianEdit

 
Bāna.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *baunu, from Proto-Germanic *baunō. Cognates include Old English bēan, Old Saxon bōna and Old Dutch *bōna.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bāne f

  1. bean

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

PortugueseEdit

VerbEdit

bane

  1. third-person singular present indicative of banir
  2. second-person singular imperative of banir

ScotsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English bane, from Old English bān, from Proto-Germanic *bainą.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ben]
  • (Mid Northern Scots) IPA(key): [bin], [bein]

NounEdit

bane (plural banes)

  1. (anatomy) bone, limb

Derived termsEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

As a simplex noun a borrowing from Old Swedish bani, from Old Norse bani, from Proto-Germanic *banô, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰon-on-, from the o-grade of *gʷʰen- (to strike, to kill). Cognate to English bane, Icelandic bani.

The word can be regarded as a reborrowing from Old Swedish mediaeval literature. It is not attested in writing in the 16th and 17th centuries, but was reinforced due to its usage in the mediaeval Swedish country laws, which were in use until the 18th century. During the 17th century its usage is usually accompanied by a definition explaining the meaning. It was revived in the late 17th century due to the resurging interest in the middle ages and the Icelandic sagas, cf. other Icelandic loans from the same era, e.g. idrott, skald, dyrd. Already in SAOB (1899) it is regarded as archaic or literary and mostly used in a few set phrases.

The word survived in the compound baneman (slayer, murderer), which is attested from the 16th and 17th centuries, and dialectally in the southern Swedish word hönsbane (henbane, Hyoscyamus niger), in standard Swedish bolmört.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bane c (indeclinable)

  1. (archaic) cause of someone’s (violent) death; bane
    1830, Fredrika Bremer, Mary Howitt, transl., Familjen H*** [The H— family]‎[1]:
    Din egen passionerade själ — se där draken, mot vilken du bör strida, vars eld skall förtära dig och bliva andras bane, om den ej kväves.
    […]thy own impassioned soul! Behold the dragon with which thou oughtest to contend—whose fire will consume thee, and be the bane of others, if thou do not subject it.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


YolaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English bane, from Old English bān, from Proto-West Germanic *bain, from Proto-Germanic *bainą.

NounEdit

bane

  1. bone

ReferencesEdit

  • Jacob Poole (1867) , William Barnes, editor, A glossary, with some pieces of verse, of the old dialect of the English colony in the baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, J. Russell Smith, →ISBN