See also: BUN, Bun, bun-, bún, bùn, bûn, bün, bűn, and bủn

English

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Middle English bunne (wheat cake, bun), from Anglo-Norman bugne (bump on the head; fritter), from Old French bugne (hence French beignet), from Frankish *bungjo (little clump), diminutive of *bungu (lump, clump), from Proto-Germanic *bungô, *bunkô (clump, lump, heap, crowd), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰenǵʰ- (thick, dense, fat). Cognate with Dutch bonk (clump, clot, cluster of fruits). More at bunch.

Alternative forms

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Noun

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A hamburger in a bun (sense 1.2)
A bun (sense 1.4)

bun (plural buns)

  1. Senses referring to baked goods.
    1. A small bread roll that is sweetened or spiced.
    2. A bread roll that is served with a savoury filling such as a hamburger or hot dog.
    3. (Northern England, especially Northumbria) Any bread roll.
    4. (Northern England, Ireland) A cupcake.
  2. A tight roll of hair worn at the back of the head.
    Synonyms: hair bun, French roll
    Hyponym: messy bun
    • 2021, Becky S. Li, Howard I. Maibach, Ethnic Skin and Hair and Other Cultural Considerations, page 154:
      The physician should evaluate for a history of tight ponytails, buns, chignons, braids, twists, weaves, cornrows, dreadlocks, sisterlocks, and hair wefts in addition to the usage of religious hair coverings.
  3. (British, slang) A drunken spree.
  4. (Internet slang) A newbie.
  5. (Canada, US, slang, chiefly in the plural) A buttock.
  6. (slang) The vagina.
    • 1996, Richard Sandomir, Life for Real Dummies: A Reference for the Totally Clueless[1], page 5:
      How 'bout I put my hot dog in your bun?
    • 2015, Rachelle Ayala, Whole Latte Love[2], page 169:
      Wait. I can touch your boobs, stick my wiener in your bun, but I can't kiss you?
    • 2019 Hot Blood, Hot Thoughts, Hot Deeds, Empire season 5 episode 13
      I'm just saying, you being a mama, it's time to clear the cobwebs. You know what I'm saying? Put a banana in the monkey. You know, hot dog in your bun.
Synonyms
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Derived terms
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(hairstyle): bun drop, Princess Leia bun, man-bun

mostly other "bun" meanings
Translations
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Verb

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bun (third-person singular simple present buns, present participle bunning, simple past and past participle bunned)

  1. (transitive) To form (the hair) into a bun.
    • 2014, A. A. Garrison, The Long Short Story: Novellas, page 39:
      Bunning her hair, she left her childhood bedroom for the hall.

Further reading

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Etymology 2

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Probably from Scots bun (tail of a rabbit or hare), which is probably from Scottish Gaelic bun (bottom, butt, stump, stub).[1]

Noun

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bun (plural buns) (dialect, archaic)

  1. A rabbit.
  2. A squirrel.
  3. The scut or tail of a hare.
  4. A dry stalk.

Etymology 3

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Caribbean pronunciation of burn.

Verb

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bun (third-person singular simple present buns, present participle bunning, simple past and past participle bunned)

  1. (Caribbean, MLE and MTE, slang) To smoke cannabis.
  2. (MLE, African-American Vernacular, slang) To shoot.
  3. (MLE, slang) To forget.
    • 2004, MC Forcer, guest on Lethal Bizzle, "Pow!"
      Don't care about your crew, bun them any day
    • 2011, Jme, Mike Lowery:
      Some man acting dumb, think's he's a gun-man, wanna bring me drama. How you gonna bun me?
    • 2017, “Fire in the Booth”, performed by Taze, reused in ”Usual Suspects”:
      Look, come round, come round gunning, I still look try to bun him
      Don't chat on the net ’bout bunnin, oh my God why the fuck you runnin?
    • 2018, “Slatt Season”, in Sorry For The Get Off[3], performed by Drego & Beno, track 15:
      The K in the back, the glock in the front
      It’s one in the head, you know how we bun

Noun

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bun (plural buns)

  1. (Caribbean and MLE, slang) marijuana cigarette, joint
    • 2018, “Rolling Round”, HL8 and SimpzBeatz (music), performed by Sparko of OMH:
      Man say that they spray the fire
      I fuck that shit, I drop the bun

Etymology 4

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From the Revised Romanization of Korean (bun), from Chinese (fèn, fen). Doublet of fen.

Alternative forms

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Noun

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bun (plural buns or bun)

  1. A Korean unit of length equivalent to about 0.3 cm.

References

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  1. ^ Eric Partridge (1966), Origins: A short etymological dictionary of modern English. New York: Greenwich House, →ISBN, p. 64.

Anagrams

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Afar

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Arabic بُنّ (bunn).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈbun/ [ˈbʊn]
  • Hyphenation: bun

Noun

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bún m (plural buunitté f)

  1. (Northern Afar) coffee

Declension

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Declension of bún
absolutive bún
predicative búunu
subjective bún
genitive buntí
Postpositioned forms
l-case búunul
k-case búunuk
t-case búunut
h-case búunuh

References

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  • E. M. Parker, R. J. Hayward (1985) “bun”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN

Albanian

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Etymology

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From Proto-Albanian *bhunā. Compare Illyrian *bounon. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewdʰ- (to be wake, keep watch).

Noun

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bun m (plural bune, definite buni, definite plural bunet)

  1. hut (of mountain shepherds), chalet, fenced area (for cattle)
    Synonyms: kasolle, kolibe

Declension

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Aromanian

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Latin bonus. Compare Daco-Romanian bun.

Adjective

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bun m (feminine bunã, plural bunj, feminine plural buni or bune)

  1. good

Derived terms

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Chibcha

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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bun

  1. bread, bun

References

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  • Gómez Aldana D. F., Análisis morfológico del Vocabulario 158 de la Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia. Grupo de Investigación Muysccubun. 2013.

Dalmatian

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Etymology

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From Latin bonus.

Adjective

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bun m (feminine buna)

  1. good

Girirra

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Arabic بُنّ (bunn).

Noun

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bun

  1. coffee

Irish

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Etymology

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From Old Irish bun (the thick end of anything, base, butt, foot),[1] from Proto-Celtic *bonus. Cognate with Welsh bôn.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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bun m (genitive singular buin, nominative plural bunanna)

  1. base, bottom
  2. stump
  3. lower end
  4. basic provision
  5. settled spell (of weather)
  6. source

Declension

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Synonyms

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Derived terms

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Mutation

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Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bun bhun mbun
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

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  1. ^ Gregory Toner, Sharon Arbuthnot, Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, Marie-Luise Theuerkauf, Dagmar Wodtko, editors (2019), “1 bun”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
  2. ^ Sjoestedt, M. L. (1931) Phonétique d’un parler irlandais de Kerry (in French), Paris: Librairie Ernest Leroux, page 85
  3. ^ Finck, F. N. (1899) Die araner mundart (in German), volume II, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, page 58
  4. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 78

Further reading

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Japanese

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Romanization

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bun

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ぶん

Ligurian

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Etymology

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From Latin bonus.

Adjective

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bun

  1. good

Megleno-Romanian

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Etymology

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From Latin bonus. Compare Aromanian bun, Romanian bun.

Adjective

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bun

  1. good

Antonyms

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See also

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Middle English

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Adjective

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bun

  1. Alternative form of boun

Old French

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Adjective

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bun m (oblique and nominative feminine singular bune)

  1. (Anglo-Norman) Alternative form of bon

Declension

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Old Irish

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Etymology

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From Proto-Celtic *bonus. Cognate with Welsh bôn.[1]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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bun m (genitive bona, nominative plural bonai)

  1. base
  2. bottom
  3. butt
  4. end

Inflection

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Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bun bunL bonaeH
Vocative bun bunL bonu
Accusative bunN bunL bonu
Genitive bonoH, bonaH bonoL, bonaL bonaeN
Dative bunL bonaib bonaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants

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  • Irish: bun
  • Manx: bun
  • Scottish Gaelic: bun

Mutation

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Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bun bun
pronounced with /β(ʲ)-/
mbun
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

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  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 71

Further reading

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Romanian

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Inherited from Latin bonus, from Old Latin duenos, later duonus, from Proto-Italic *dwenos. Doublet of bon, bonă, and bonus.

Adjective

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bun m or n (feminine singular bună, masculine plural buni, feminine and neuter plural bune)

  1. good
    Antonym: rău
    E un om bun, crede-mă.He is a good man, trust me.
    Sunt bun la fotbal.I am good at football.
Declension
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Derived terms
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Noun

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bun n (plural bunuri)

  1. good, asset, possession
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Either from the above word or from a Vulgar Latin *avunus, ultimately from the same Proto-Indo-European root as avus. (Compare the diminutive avunculus, avonculus), probably influenced by or confused with bonus. Compare also Friulian von (grandfather), Calabrian and Piedmontese bona (grandmother).[1]

Noun

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bun m (plural buni, feminine equivalent bună)

  1. (uncommon) grandfather
    Synonym: bunic
Declension
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Derived terms
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References
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Scottish Gaelic

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Etymology

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From Old Irish bun (the thick end of anything, base, butt, foot), from Proto-Celtic *bonus. Cognate with Welsh bôn.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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bun m (genitive singular buna or buin, plural buin or bunan)

  1. bottom, base, foundation
  2. butt, stub

Derived terms

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Mutation

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Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
bun bhun
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

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  • Edward Dwelly (1911) “bun”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary]‎[4], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • Gregory Toner, Sharon Arbuthnot, Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, Marie-Luise Theuerkauf, Dagmar Wodtko, editors (2019), “1 bun”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Somali

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Noun

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bun ?

  1. coffee

Sranan Tongo

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Portuguese bom.

Adjective

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bun

  1. good

Adverb

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bun

  1. very, rather

Sumerian

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Romanization

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bun

  1. Romanization of 𒇌 (bun)

Tok Pisin

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This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Etymology

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From English bone.

Noun

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bun

  1. (anatomy) bone
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 2:21:
      Orait God, Bikpela i mekim man i slip i dai tru. Na taim man i slip yet, God i kisim wanpela bun long banis bilong man na i pasim gen skin bilong dispela hap.
      →New International Version translation

Turkish

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Etymology

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From Ottoman Turkish بوك (buñ), Proto-Turkic *buŋ. Cognate with Kazakh мұң (mūñ).

Noun

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bun

  1. distress

Derived terms

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Yoruba

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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bùn

  1. (transitive) to dash, to donate, to give away
    ó bùn mi ní owóHe gave me money
  2. (transitive) to gift, bless, or endow someone
  3. (intransitive) to be gifted, endowed, or blessed with something

Usage notes

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  • Sense 1 is a verbal element that subcategorizes an NP-object (receiver) + ní + NP phrase
  • bun before a direct object

Derived terms

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