See also: Bun, BUN, bún, bùn, bûn, bün, bűn, and bun-

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bʌn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌn

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English bunne (wheat cake, bun), from Anglo-Norman bugne (bump on the head; fritter), from Old French bugne (hence French beignet), from Frankish *bungjo (little clump), diminutive of *bungu (lump, clump), from Proto-Germanic *bungô, *bunkô (clump, lump, heap, crowd), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰenǵʰ- (thick, dense, fat). Cognate with Dutch bonk (clump, clot, cluster of fruits). More at bunch.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

bun (plural buns)

  1. A small bread roll, often sweetened or spiced.
  2. A tight roll of hair worn at the back of the head.
    Synonyms: hair bun, French roll
    • 2021, Becky S. Li, ‎Howard I. Maibach, Ethnic Skin and Hair and Other Cultural Considerations (page 154)
      The physician should evaluate for a history of tight ponytails, buns, chignons, braids, twists, weaves, cornrows, dreadlocks, sisterlocks, and hair wefts in addition to the usage of religious hair coverings.
    Hyponym: messy bun
  3. (Northern England, Ireland) A cupcake.
  4. (slang, Britain) A drunken spree.
  5. (Internet slang) A newbie.
  6. (slang, chiefly in the plural) A buttock.
  7. (slang) The vagina.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

(hairstyle): bun drop, Princess Leia bun, man-bun

other "bun" meanings
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

bun (third-person singular simple present buns, present participle bunning, simple past and past participle bunned)

  1. (transitive) To form (the hair) into a bun.
    • 2014, A. A. Garrison, The Long Short Story: Novellas (page 39)
      Bunning her hair, she left her childhood bedroom for the hall.

Further readingEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Probably from Scots bun (tail of a rabbit or hare), which is probably from Scottish Gaelic bun (bottom, butt, stump, stub).[1]

NounEdit

bun (plural buns) (dialect, archaic)

  1. A rabbit.
  2. A squirrel.
  3. The scut or tail of a hare.
  4. A dry stalk.

Etymology 3Edit

Caribbean pronunciation of burn.

VerbEdit

bun (third-person singular simple present buns, present participle bunning, simple past and past participle bunned)

  1. (Caribbean, MLE and MTE, slang) To smoke cannabis.
  2. (MLE, African-American Vernacular, slang) To shoot.
    • 2004, MC Forcer, guest on Lethal Bizzle, "Pow!"
      Don't care about your crew, bun them anyday
    • 2011, Jme, "Mike Lowery"
      Some man acting dumb, think's he's a gun-man, wanna bring me drama. How you gonna bun me?
    • 2017, “Fire in the Booth”, performed by Taze, reused in ”Usual Suspects”:
      Look, come round, come round gunning, I still look try to bun him
      Don't chat on the net ’bout bunnin, oh my God why the fuck you runnin?
    • 2018, “Slatt Season”, in Sorry For The Get Off[1], performed by Drego & Beno, track 15:
      The K in the back, the glock in the front
      It’s one in the head, you know how we bun

NounEdit

bun (plural buns)

  1. (Caribbean and MLE, slang) marijuana cigarette, joint
    • 2018, HL8 and SimpzBeatz (music), “Rolling Round”, performed by Sparko of OMH:
      Man say that they spray the fire
      I fuck that shit, I drop the bun

Etymology 4Edit

From the Revised Romanization of Korean (bun), from Chinese (fen). Doublet of fen.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

bun (plural buns or bun)

  1. (Korean units of measure) A Korean unit of length equivalent to about 0.3 cm.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Eric Partridge (1966), Origins: A short etymological dictionary of modern English. New York: Greenwich House, →ISBN, p. 64.

AnagramsEdit


AfarEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic بُنّ(bunn).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbun/
  • Hyphenation: bun

NounEdit

bún m (plural buunitté f)

  1. (Northern Afar) coffee

DeclensionEdit

Declension of bún
absolutive bún
predicative búunu
subjective bún
genitive buntí
Postpositioned forms
l-case búunul
k-case búunuk
t-case búunut
h-case búunuh

ReferencesEdit

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “bun”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN

AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Albanian *bhunā. Compare Illyrian *bounon. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewdʰ- (to be wake, keep watch).

NounEdit

bun m (indefinite plural bune, definite singular buni, definite plural bunet)

  1. hut (of mountain shepherds), chalet, fenced area (for cattle)
    Synonyms: kasolle, kolibe

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


AromanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bonus. Compare Daco-Romanian bun.

AdjectiveEdit

bun m (feminine bunã, plural bunj, feminine plural buni or bune)

  1. good

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


ChibchaEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bun

  1. bread, bun

ReferencesEdit

  • Gómez Aldana D. F., Análisis morfológico del Vocabulario 158 de la Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia. Grupo de Investigación Muysccubun. 2013.

DalmatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bonus.

AdjectiveEdit

bun m (feminine buna)

  1. good

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish bun (the thick end of anything, base, butt, foot), from Proto-Celtic *bonus. Cognate with Welsh bôn.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bun m (genitive singular buin, nominative plural bunanna)

  1. base, bottom
  2. stock, stump, trunk
  3. lower end
  4. extremity
  5. basis, origin, foundation
  6. basic provision
  7. settled state
  8. source, direction
  9. trace
  10. (card games) score required to win game

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bun bhun mbun
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

bun

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ぶん

LigurianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bonus.

AdjectiveEdit

bun

  1. good

Megleno-RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bonus. Compare Aromanian bun, Romanian bun.

AdjectiveEdit

bun

  1. good

AntonymsEdit

See alsoEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bun

  1. Alternative form of boun

Old FrenchEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bun m (oblique and nominative feminine singular bune)

  1. (Anglo-Norman) Alternative form of bon

DeclensionEdit


Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *bonus. Cognate with Welsh bôn.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bun m (genitive bona, nominative plural bonai)

  1. base
  2. bottom
  3. butt
  4. end

InflectionEdit

Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bun bunL bonaeH
Vocative bun bunL bonu
Accusative bunN bunL bonu
Genitive bonoH, bonaH bonoL, bonaL bonaeN
Dative bunL bonaib bonaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: bun
  • Manx: bun
  • Scottish Gaelic: bun

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bun bun
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbun
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 71

Further readingEdit


RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin bonus, from Old Latin duenos, later duonus, from Proto-Italic *dwenos, from Proto-Indo-European *dew- (to show favor, revere). Doublet of bon, bonă, and bonus.

AdjectiveEdit

bun m or n (feminine singular bună, masculine plural buni, feminine and neuter plural bune)

  1. good
    E un om bun, crede-mă.He is a good man, trust me.
    Sunt bun la fotbal.I am good at football.
    Antonym: rău
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

NounEdit

bun n (plural bunuri)

  1. good, asset, possession
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Either from the above word or from a Vulgar Latin *avunus, ultimately from the same Proto-Indo-European root as avus. (Compare the diminutive avunculus, avonculus), probably influenced by or confused with bonus. Compare also Friulian von (grandfather), Calabrian and Piedmontese bona (grandmother) [1].

NounEdit

bun m (plural buni, feminine equivalent bună)

  1. (uncommon) grandfather
    Synonym: bunic
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish bun (the thick end of anything, base, butt, foot), from Proto-Celtic *bonus. Cognate with Welsh bôn.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bun m (genitive singular buna or buin, plural buin or bunan)

  1. bottom, base, foundation
  2. butt, stub

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
bun bhun
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • Edward Dwelly (1911), “bun”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “1 bun”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

SomaliEdit

NounEdit

bun ?

  1. coffee

Sranan TongoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Portuguese bom.

AdjectiveEdit

bun

  1. good

AdverbEdit

bun

  1. very, rather

SumerianEdit

RomanizationEdit

bun

  1. Romanization of 𒇌 (bun)

Tok PisinEdit

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

EtymologyEdit

From English bone.

NounEdit

bun

  1. (anatomy) bone
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 2:21:
      Orait God, Bikpela i mekim man i slip i dai tru. Na taim man i slip yet, God i kisim wanpela bun long banis bilong man na i pasim gen skin bilong dispela hap.
      →New International Version translation

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish بوك(buñ), Proto-Turkic *buŋ. Cognate with Kazakh мұң (mūñ).

NounEdit

bun

  1. distress

Derived termsEdit


YorubaEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bùn

  1. (transitive) to dash, to donate, to give away
    ó bùn mi ní owóHe gave me money
  2. (transitive) to gift, bless, or endow someone
  3. (intransitive) to be gifted, endowed, or blessed with something

Usage notesEdit

  • Sense 1 is a verbal element that subcategorizes an NP-object (receiver) + ní + NP phrase
  • bun before a direct object

Derived termsEdit