See also: Bun, BUN, bún, bùn, bûn, bün, bűn, and bun-

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bʌn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌn

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English bunne (wheat cake, bun), from Anglo-Norman bugne (bump on the head; fritter), from Old French bugne (hence French beignet), from Frankish *bungjo (little clump), diminutive of *bungu (lump, clump), from Proto-Germanic *bungô, *bunkô (clump, lump, heap, crowd), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰenǵʰ- (thick, dense, fat). Cognate with Dutch bonk (clump, clot, cluster of fruits). More at bunch.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

bun (plural buns)

  1. A small bread roll, often sweetened or spiced.
  2. A tight roll of hair worn at the back of the head.
    Synonyms: hair bun, French roll
    Hyponym: messy bun
  3. (Northern England, Ireland) A cupcake.
  4. (slang, Britain) A drunken spree.
  5. (Internet, slang) A newbie.
  6. (informal, chiefly in the plural) A buttock.
  7. (informal) vagina
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Probably from Scots bun (tail of a rabbit or hare), which is probably from Scottish Gaelic bun (bottom, butt, stump, stub).[1]

NounEdit

bun (plural buns)

  1. (dialect, archaic) A rabbit or sometimes a squirrel.

Etymology 3Edit

Caribbean pronunciation of burn.

VerbEdit

bun (third-person singular simple present buns, present participle bunning, simple past and past participle bunned)

  1. (Caribbean and MLE, slang) To smoke cannabis.
  2. (MLE, African-American Vernacular, slang) To shoot.
    • 2004, MC Forcer, guest on Lethal Bizzle, "Pow!"
      Don't care about your crew, bun them anyday
    • 2011, Jme, "Mike Lowery"
      Some man acting dumb, think's he's a gun-man, wanna bring me drama. How you gonna bun me?
    • 2017, “Fire in the Booth”, performed by Taze, reused in ”Usual Suspects”:
      Look, come round, come round gunning, I still look try to bun him
      Don't chat on the net ’bout bunnin, oh my God why the fuck you runnin?
    • 2018, “Slatt Season”, in Sorry For The Get Off[1], performed by Drego & Beno, track 15:
      The K in the back, the glock in the front
      It’s one in the head, you know how we bun

NounEdit

bun (plural buns)

  1. (Caribbean and MLE, slang) marijuana cigarette, joint
    • 2018, HL8 and SimpzBeatz (music), “Rolling Round”, performed by Sparko of OMH:
      Man say that they spray the fire
      I fuck that shit, I drop the bun

Etymology 4Edit

From the Revised Romanization of Korean (bun), from Chinese (fen). Doublet of fen.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

bun (plural buns or bun)

  1. (Korean units of measure) A Korean unit of length equivalent to about 0.3 cm.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Eric Partridge (1966), Origins: A short etymological dictionary of modern English. New York: Greenwich House, →ISBN, p. 64.

AnagramsEdit


AfarEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic بُنّ(bunn).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbun/
  • Hyphenation: bun

NounEdit

bún m (plural buunitté f)

  1. (Northern Afar) coffee

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “bun”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN

AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Albanian *bhunā. Compare Illyrian *bounon. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewdʰ- (to be wake, keep watch).

NounEdit

bun m (indefinite plural bune, definite singular buni, definite plural bunet)

  1. hut (of mountain shepherds), chalet, fenced area (for cattle)
    Synonyms: kasolle, kolibe

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


AromanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bonus. Compare Daco-Romanian bun.

AdjectiveEdit

bun m (feminine bunã, plural bunj, feminine plural buni or bune)

  1. good

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


ChibchaEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bun

  1. bread, bun

ReferencesEdit

  • Gómez Aldana D. F., Análisis morfológico del Vocabulario 158 de la Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia. Grupo de Investigación Muysccubun. 2013.

DalmatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bonus.

AdjectiveEdit

bun m (feminine buna)

  1. good

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish bun (the thick end of anything, base, butt, foot), from Proto-Celtic *bonus. Cognate with Welsh bôn.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bun m (genitive singular buin, nominative plural bunanna)

  1. base, bottom
  2. stock, stump, trunk
  3. lower end
  4. extremity
  5. basis, origin, foundation
  6. basic provision
  7. settled state
  8. source, direction
  9. trace
  10. (card games) score required to win game

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • ar bun (going on; settled, established)
  • bunaigh (found, establish; settle)
  • bunaonad (base unit)
  • bun- (basic, fundamental, primary, ultimate, original, base, elementary; sub-; key)
  • bun na cluaise (earlobe)
  • bunoscionn (upside down)
  • bunú (foundation; establishment)
  • bunús (origin; basis)
  • de bhun (on foot of, in pursuance of)
  • de bhun tola (willingly; deliberately)
  • faoi bhun (beneath)
  • i mbun (attending to, engaged in, abiding by)

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bun bhun mbun
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • Entries containing “bun” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “bun” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

bun

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ぶん

LigurianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin bonus.

AdjectiveEdit

bun

  1. good

Old FrenchEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bun m (oblique and nominative feminine singular bune)

  1. (Anglo-Norman) Alternative form of bon

DeclensionEdit


Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *bonus. Cognate with Welsh bôn.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bun m (genitive bona, nominative plural bonai)

  1. base
  2. bottom
  3. butt
  4. end

InflectionEdit

Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bun bunL bonaeH
Vocative bun bunL bunu
Accusative bunN bunL bunu
Genitive bonoH, bonaH bonoL, bonaL bonaeN
Dative bunL bonaib bonaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: bun
  • Manx: bun
  • Scottish Gaelic: bun

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bun bun
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbun
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 71

Further readingEdit


RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin bonus, from Old Latin duenos, later duonus, from Proto-Italic *dwenos, from Proto-Indo-European *dew- (to show favor, revere).

AdjectiveEdit

bun m or n (feminine singular bună, masculine plural buni, feminine and neuter plural bune)

  1. good
    E un om bun, crede-mă.He is a good man, trust me.
    Sunt bun la fotbal.I am good at football.
    Antonym: rău
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

NounEdit

bun n (plural bunuri)

  1. good, asset, possession
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Either from the above word or from a Vulgar Latin *avunus, ultimately from the same Proto-Indo-European root as avus. (Compare the diminutive avunculus, avonculus), probably influenced by or confused with bonus. Compare also Friulian von (grandfather), Calabrian and Piedmontese bona (grandmother) [1].

NounEdit

bun m (plural buni, feminine equivalent bună)

  1. (uncommon) grandfather
    Synonym: bunic
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish bun (the thick end of anything, base, butt, foot), from Proto-Celtic *bonus. Cognate with Welsh bôn.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bun m (genitive singular buna or buin, plural buin or bunan)

  1. bottom, base, foundation
  2. butt, stub

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
bun bhun
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • bun” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “1 bun”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

SomaliEdit

NounEdit

bun ?

  1. coffee

Sranan TongoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Portuguese bom.

AdjectiveEdit

bun

  1. good

AdverbEdit

bun

  1. very, rather

SumerianEdit

RomanizationEdit

bun

  1. Romanization of 𒇌 (bun)

Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English bone.

NounEdit

bun

  1. (anatomy) bone
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 2:21:
      Orait God, Bikpela i mekim man i slip i dai tru. Na taim man i slip yet, God i kisim wanpela bun long banis bilong man na i pasim gen skin bilong dispela hap.
      →New International Version translation
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