English edit

 
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A copy of the 禮記 (Lǐjì; Book of Rites), a collection of Confucian texts describing the social forms, administration, and ceremonial rites of the Zhou dynasty as they were understood in the Warring States and the early Han periods. The term folio can refer to each leaf of the book (sense 1), or each page (sense 2); in the latter sense, two folios of the open book can be seen in the photograph.

Etymology edit

From Middle English folio (leaf of a book),[1] borrowed from Medieval Latin foliō, Late Latin foliō, Latin foliō, the ablative singular form of Late Latin folium (leaf or sheet of paper), Latin folium (leaf of a plant),[2] ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (bloom, flower). Doublet of foil and folium, and distantly related to phyllo and phyllon.

Senses 1, 2, 3.1, 5, and 6 relating to a leaf or page are derived from Medieval Latin foliō in references; sense 5 (“page in an account book”) may be derived from Italian foglio (rectangular sheet of paper), from Latin folium. Senses 3.2 and 3.3 relating to a paper size are from Italian in foglio or its etymon Latin in foliō.[2]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

folio (plural folios)

  1. A leaf of a book or manuscript.
    • 2004, Eric H. Ash, “Secants, Sailors, and Elizabethan Manuals of Navigation”, in Power, Knowledge, and Expertise in Elizabethan England, Baltimore, Md., London: Johns Hopkins University Press, →ISBN, page 162:
      [Thomas] Hood also presented his treatises in such a way that conveniently accessing specific lessons was difficult, if not impossible, for the reader-practitioner. For example, his book entitled The Vse of Both the Globes, Celestiall and Terrestriall... (1592) was roughly two hundred pages long but did not include such helpful tools as an index, a table of contents, or even folio numbers. In order to refer to some lesson that he might need, the reader would have to leaf through the text until the passage in question was found, or else rely upon his own marginal notes.
    • 2004, Jason Glenn, Politics and History in the Tenth Century: The Work and World of Richer of Reims, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 140:
      We saw above that the fourth quire consists of ten folios, two of which (folios 29 and 31) Richer added to a quaternion (folios 23 to 28, 30, 32). Most of the folios Richer added to his manuscript supplement, elaborate, or amend text that he had already composed in the codex. In this quire, however, Richer wrote around the added folios as if it was the quire he added to them, not the converse. Indeed, if we were to remove folios 29 and 31, there would be neither grammatical nor narrative continuity between the original folios of the quire which would face each other, that is, between folios 28v[erso] and 30r[ecto] on the one hand, or folios 30v and 32r on the other.
  2. A page of a book, that is, one side of a leaf of a book.
    • [1871, “Folio Page”, in J[ohn] Luther Ringwalt, editor, American Encyclopædia of Printing, Philadelphia, Pa.: Menamin & Ringwalt, 517 Minor Street; J. B. Lippincott & Co., 715 Market Street, →OCLC, page 172:
      Folio Page.—A page which occupies the half of a full sheet of paper, as Post-folio, Demy-folio, etc. Two pages of folio are imposed together as one form, four pages being a perfect sheet. Post-folio and Foolscap-folio, however, are more frequently imposed as four-page forms, and printed on Double-post and Double-foolscap paper.]
  3. (by extension, printing)
    1. A page number. The even folios are on the left-hand pages and the odd folios on the right-hand pages.
      • [1871, “Folio”, in J[ohn] Luther Ringwalt, editor, American Encyclopædia of Printing, Philadelphia, Pa.: Menamin & Ringwalt, 517 Minor Street; J. B. Lippincott & Co., 715 Market Street, →OCLC, page 172:
        Folio.—The running number of the pages of a work. When there is no running title, the folio is placed in the centre of the head-line; when there is a running title, at the outside corner—the even folio on the left, the odd on the right. The preface, contents, index, and all introductory matter, usually have separate folios inserted in Roman lower-case numerals.]
      • 2006, Andrew Haslam, “Creating a Book”, in Book Design (Portfolio), London: Laurence King Publishing, →ISBN, page 21:
        verso left-hand page of a book usually identified with even folio numbers. [] recto right-hand page of a book usually identified with odd folio numbers.
    2. A sheet of paper folded in half.
    3. A book made of sheets of paper each folded in half (two leaves or four pages to the sheet); hence, a book of the largest kind, exceeding 30 centimetres in height.
      Synonyms: (all abbreviations) F, f, fo,
      A rare copy of Shakespeare’s First Folio.
      • 1759, Humfrey Wanley, David Casley, William Hocker, Charles Morton, compilers, A Catalogue of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts, Purchased by Authority of Parliament, for the Use of the Publick; and Preserved in the British Museum. Published by Order of the Trustees, volume II, London: Printed by Dryden Leach, and sold by L. Davis and C. Reymers, opposite Grays-Inn, Holborn, →OCLC, serial number 5876:
        A treatiſe in Folio, intitled, The Magazen of Honour, or a Treatiſe concerninge the Nobillitie of England accordinge to the Lawes of England, with their Priviledges in Parliament, & in what caſes noe priviledge, together with the Etymologie, definition & antiquitie of 3 ſortes of Barons.
      • 1902, William Blades, The Enemies of Books, 2nd edition, page 102:
        Another, with the bump of order unnaturally developed, had his folios and quartos all reduced, in binding, to one size, so that they might look even on his bookshelves.
      • 2003, Anthony James West, The Shakespeare First Folio: The History of the Book. Volume II: A New Worldwide Census of First Folios, volume II, Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 87:
        He [collector Anthony Morris Storer] bequeathed part of his collection to [] Eton College, including the First Folio [of William Shakespeare], a fine copy of the Second Folio, a poor copy of the Third Folio, and the collection of Quartos.
  4. A wrapper for loose papers.
  5. (accounting) A page in an account book; sometimes, two opposite pages bearing the same serial number.
    • 1806, “Book-keeping”, in The New and Complete American Encyclopædia: or, Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences; [...] In Seven Volumes, volume II, New York, N.Y.: Printed and published by John Low, No. 33, Chatham-Street, →OCLC, page 152:
      In the leger,[sic] articles of the ſame kind are collected together; and, for that purpoſe, it is divided into many accounts, under which the different branches of buſineſs are arranged. Each account is introduced by a proper title, to explain the nature of the articles it contains; and articles of oppoſite kinds, which belong to the ſame account, are placed on the oppoſite pages of the ſame folio: for inſtance, money received on the one ſide, and money paid on the other; or goods bought on the one ſide, and goods ſold on the other.
  6. (law, dated) A leaf containing a certain number of words; hence, a certain number of words in a piece of writing, as in England, in law proceedings 72, and in chancery, 90; in New York, 100 words. [19th – early 20th c.]
    • 1817 December 20, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, “Second Report of the Commissioners for Examining into the Duties, Salaries and Emoluments, of the Officers, Clerks and Ministers, of the Several Courts of Justice, in England, Wales, and Berwick-upon-Tweed;—as to the Court of Chancery”, in Reports from Committees: Fever; Ireland; Courts of Justice: Session 27 January – 10 June, 1818, volume VII, [London]: [s.n.], published 6 April 1818, →OCLC, pages 172 and 176:
      [page 172] When actions are brought in the Courts of King's Bench or Common Pleas, founded upon original writs issuing out of the Courts of Chancery (which writs, as stated in the Report of the 9th of April 1816, it is the duty of the Cursitors to make out) it has been the practice in certain cases for the Filacers of the Courts of King's Bench and Common Pleas respectively, to receive from the Suitors the King's fines (if any) and also the fees payable to the Cursitors in respect of such original writs, and afterwards to account to the Cursitors for the fines and fees so received. [] [page 176] The Cursitors have claimed before us a right to compute the skin in all cases, at twenty folios, each folio containing seventy-two words; and to charge 1 s. 4 d. for every folio, instead of the fees now taken per folio or per skin, where the writ in charged in that manner. In support of this claim they have contended, that twenty folios of seventy-two words each, were established by the Order of 1743, as the length of a skin; [] The writ [of Transgress' super Casum], exclusive of the part containing the matter of the declaration, contains less than two folios of seventy-two words each; common counts are stated to contain usually, from two to three folios; special counts are usually longer, and sometimes of a much greater length.
    • 1862, George Henry Cooper (reporter), Alexander Staveley Hill (reporter), “Fees to be Taken in the Principal Registry of the Court of Probate in Non-contentious Business”, in The Law Journal Reports for the Year 1862: Cases in the Court of Probate, in the Court for Divorce and Matrimonial Causes, and in the High Court of Admiralty (New Series; XXXI), volume XL, part IV, London: Printed by James Holmes, 4, Took's Court, Chancery Lane; published by Edward Bret Ince, 5, Quality Court, Chancery Lane, →OCLC, page 64:
      If the office copy of a Will or any part of a Will or other document is required to be made fac-simile, and such Will or part of a Will or other document is two folios of ninety words in length or under, in addition to the fee for the copy … … … … [£]0 1[s.] 0[d.] / If exceeding two folios of ninety words, for every additional folio or part of a folio … … [£]0 0[s.] 6[d.]

Hyponyms edit

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

See also edit

English paper and book sizes
Latin folio quarto sexto octavo duodecimo sextodecimo octodecimo vicesimo-quarto trigesimo-secundo quadragesimo-octavo sexagesimo-quarto
ALA F Q   O D S T   Tt Fe Sf
height (cm) > 30 25-30 25-30 20-25 17.5-20 15-17.5 12.5-15 12.5-15 10-12.5 7.5-10 < 7.5
printers' folio quarto sixmo octavo twelvemo sixteenmo eighteenmo twenty-fourmo thirty-twomo forty-eightmo sixty-fourmo
abbrev. fo or f 4to 6to or 6mo 8vo 12mo 16mo 18mo 24mo 32mo 48mo 64mo
abbrev. 12º 16º 18º 24º 32º 48º 64º
<<   bigger       smaller   >>


Verb edit

folio (third-person singular simple present folios, present participle folioing, simple past and past participle folioed)

  1. (transitive) To put a serial number on (a folio or page, or on all the folios or pages of a book); to foliate, to page.
    • 1860, Nathan Howard, Jr., “Rules of the Supreme Court”, in The Code of Procedure of Pleadings and Practice of the State of New-York, 1860, 2nd enl. and improved edition, New York, N.Y.: Banks & Brothers, law publishers, 144 Nassau Street; and 475 Broadway, Albany, →OCLC, rule XX, page 735:
      And all the pleadings and other proceedings and copies thereof shall be fairly and legibly written; and if not so written, and folioed, and indorsed as aforesaid, the clerks shall not file such as may be offered to them for that purpose, nor will the court hear any motion or application founded thereon.
    • 1874, William Wait, “Part XIII. Motions, Orders and Papers. Chapter II. Affidavits and Petitions. Article II. Petitions. Section 3. Form and Contents of Petitions.”, in The Practice at Law, in Equity, and in Special Proceedings, in All the Courts of Record in the State of New York; with Appropriate Forms, volume IV, Albany, N.Y.: William Gould & Son, law booksellers and publishers, →OCLC, page 585:
      Folioing. The rule previously stated as to affidavits and other papers in respect to folioing applies also to petitions. They must be fairly and legibly written and indorsed, and where they are of more than two folios in length must be folioed.
    • 1907, J[ohn] Thornton, “Lesson VII.—The Principle of the Transfer from Preparatory to Final Record”, in A Manual of Bookkeeping for the Use of Students (Elementary Commercial Class-books), new and rev. edition, London: Macmillan and Co., Limited, St Martin's Street, London, →OCLC, page 105:
      Folioing is necessary as an indication how far in his work the poster has proceeded, and must be done in both books immediately after each entry.

Translations edit

References edit

  1. ^ fōliō, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Compare “folio, n. and adj.”, in OED Online  , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, September 2023; “folio, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for “folio”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.)

Esperanto edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin folium (leaf, sheet).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [foˈlio]
  • Audio:
    (file)
  • Rhymes: -io
  • Hyphenation: fo‧li‧o

Noun edit

folio (accusative singular folion, plural folioj, accusative plural foliojn)

  1. (botany) leaf
  2. sheet

Derived terms edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

From German Folie, from Latin folium.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈfolio/, [ˈfo̞lio̞]
  • Rhymes: -olio
  • Syllabification(key): fo‧li‧o

Noun edit

folio

  1. foil (very thin sheet of metal)

Declension edit

Inflection of folio (Kotus type 3/valtio, no gradation)
nominative folio foliot
genitive folion folioiden
folioitten
partitive foliota folioita
illative folioon folioihin
singular plural
nominative folio foliot
accusative nom. folio foliot
gen. folion
genitive folion folioiden
folioitten
partitive foliota folioita
inessive foliossa folioissa
elative foliosta folioista
illative folioon folioihin
adessive foliolla folioilla
ablative foliolta folioilta
allative foliolle folioille
essive foliona folioina
translative folioksi folioiksi
abessive foliotta folioitta
instructive folioin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of folio (Kotus type 3/valtio, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative folioni folioni
accusative nom. folioni folioni
gen. folioni
genitive folioni folioideni
folioitteni
partitive foliotani folioitani
inessive foliossani folioissani
elative foliostani folioistani
illative foliooni folioihini
adessive foliollani folioillani
ablative folioltani folioiltani
allative foliolleni folioilleni
essive folionani folioinani
translative foliokseni folioikseni
abessive foliottani folioittani
instructive
comitative folioineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative foliosi foliosi
accusative nom. foliosi foliosi
gen. foliosi
genitive foliosi folioidesi
folioittesi
partitive foliotasi folioitasi
inessive foliossasi folioissasi
elative foliostasi folioistasi
illative folioosi folioihisi
adessive foliollasi folioillasi
ablative folioltasi folioiltasi
allative foliollesi folioillesi
essive folionasi folioinasi
translative folioksesi folioiksesi
abessive foliottasi folioittasi
instructive
comitative folioinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative foliomme foliomme
accusative nom. foliomme foliomme
gen. foliomme
genitive foliomme folioidemme
folioittemme
partitive foliotamme folioitamme
inessive foliossamme folioissamme
elative foliostamme folioistamme
illative folioomme folioihimme
adessive foliollamme folioillamme
ablative folioltamme folioiltamme
allative foliollemme folioillemme
essive folionamme folioinamme
translative folioksemme folioiksemme
abessive foliottamme folioittamme
instructive
comitative folioinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative folionne folionne
accusative nom. folionne folionne
gen. folionne
genitive folionne folioidenne
folioittenne
partitive foliotanne folioitanne
inessive foliossanne folioissanne
elative foliostanne folioistanne
illative folioonne folioihinne
adessive foliollanne folioillanne
ablative folioltanne folioiltanne
allative foliollenne folioillenne
essive folionanne folioinanne
translative folioksenne folioiksenne
abessive foliottanne folioittanne
instructive
comitative folioinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative folionsa folionsa
accusative nom. folionsa folionsa
gen. folionsa
genitive folionsa folioidensa
folioittensa
partitive foliotaan
foliotansa
folioitaan
folioitansa
inessive foliossaan
foliossansa
folioissaan
folioissansa
elative foliostaan
foliostansa
folioistaan
folioistansa
illative folioonsa folioihinsa
adessive foliollaan
foliollansa
folioillaan
folioillansa
ablative folioltaan
folioltansa
folioiltaan
folioiltansa
allative foliolleen
foliollensa
folioilleen
folioillensa
essive folionaan
folionansa
folioinaan
folioinansa
translative foliokseen
folioksensa
folioikseen
folioiksensa
abessive foliottaan
foliottansa
folioittaan
folioittansa
instructive
comitative folioineen
folioinensa

Further reading edit

Ido edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Esperanto folio., from Latin folium

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

folio (plural folii)

  1. (botany) leaf
  2. (thin) sheet
  3. folio (leaf/sheet of paper)

Indonesian edit

Noun edit

folio (first-person possessive folioku, second-person possessive foliomu, third-person possessive folionya)

  1. folio

Latin edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

foliō n

  1. dative/ablative singular of folium

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin folio.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

folio n (uncountable)

  1. folio

Declension edit

Further reading edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Noun edit

folio m (Cyrillic spelling фолио)

  1. folio

Declension edit

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈfoljo/ [ˈfo.ljo]
  • Audio (Colombia):(file)
  • Rhymes: -oljo
  • Syllabification: fo‧lio

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Latin folium. Cf. also hoja.

Noun edit

folio m (plural folios)

  1. folio (leaf/sheet of paper)
    Synonym: hoja

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

folio

  1. first-person singular present indicative of foliar

Further reading edit