f U+0066, f
LATIN SMALL LETTER F
e
[U+0065]
Basic Latin g
[U+0067]
U+1DA0, ᶠ
MODIFIER LETTER SMALL F

[U+1D9F]
Phonetic Extensions Supplement
[U+1DA1]
𝆑 U+1D191, 𝆑
MUSICAL SYMBOL FORTE
𝆐
[U+1D190]
Musical Symbols 𝆒
[U+1D192]
U+FF46, f
FULLWIDTH LATIN SMALL LETTER F

[U+FF45]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF47]

Translingual edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology edit

  Modification of upper case Latin letter F, from Greek Ϝ (W, Digamma), from Phœnician𐤅(W, waw), the ultimate source being probably Egyptian.

Letter edit

f (upper case F)

  1. The sixth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Symbol edit

f

  1. (music) forte
  2. (IPA) a voiceless labiodental fricative.
    (superscript ⟨ᶠ⟩) [f]-fricated release of a plosive, sometimes implying an affricate; [f]-coloring, or a weak, fleeting or epenthetic [f].
  3. (physics) frequency
  4. (optics) focal length
  5. (linguistics) feminine gender

Gallery edit

See also edit

Other representations of F:

English edit

Etymology 1 edit

 
Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ᚠ, which was replaced by Latin ‘f’

Old English lower case letter f, from 7th century replacement by Latin lower case f of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (f, fe).

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ɛf/
(file)
(file)
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /f/
  • (letter name): Rhymes: -ɛf
  • See Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 178, 179, 188, 198, 230 in the 1913 Webster dictionary

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F, plural fs or f's)

  1. The sixth letter of the English alphabet, called ef and written in the Latin script.
Usage notes edit

eff as a verb.

Derived terms edit
See also edit

Number edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The ordinal number sixth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called ef and written in the Latin script.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Abbreviations.

f

  1. (stenoscript) Abbreviation of for.
  2. (stenoscript) prefix for-.
  3. (stenoscript) suffix/sequence for(e).

Symbol edit

f

  1. (music) The name of the fourth tone of the model scale, or scale of C. F sharp (F♯) is a tone intermediate between F and G.
Derived terms edit

Noun edit

f

  1. (printing, abbreviation) Folio, paper and book size (10"-12.5" x 15"-20")
    Synonyms: F, fo
  2. (euphemistic) fuck
    What the f do you think you're doing?
  3. Alternative form of f.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit
See also edit

Azerbaijani edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f lower case (upper case F)

  1. The eighth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, called fe and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Basque edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The sixth letter of the Basque alphabet, called efe and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The sixth letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

  • Previous letter: e
  • Next letter: g

Esperanto edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The seventh letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called fo and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Estonian edit

 
Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The sixth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called eff and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes edit

  • Used only in loanwords.

See also edit

Faroese edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (upper case F)

  1. The seventh letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Finnish edit

Etymology 1 edit

The Finnish orthography using the Latin script was based on those of Swedish, German and Latin, and was first used in the mid-16th century. No earlier script is known. See the Wikipedia article on Finnish for more information, and f for information on the development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The sixth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called äf or ef and written in the Latin script.
Usage notes edit
  • Used only in loanwords.
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

German musical notation.

Noun edit

f

  1. (music) F (note)
Usage notes edit

Capitalized for the great octave or any octave below that, or in names of major keys; not capitalized for the small octave or any octave above that, or in names of minor keys.

Declension edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The sixth letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Fula edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes edit

See also edit

Gothic edit

Romanization edit

f

  1. Romanization of 𐍆

Hungarian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called eff and written in the Latin script.

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative f f-ek
accusative f-et f-eket
dative f-nek f-eknek
instrumental f-fel f-ekkel
causal-final f-ért f-ekért
translative f-fé f-ekké
terminative f-ig f-ekig
essive-formal f-ként f-ekként
essive-modal
inessive f-ben f-ekben
superessive f-en f-eken
adessive f-nél f-eknél
illative f-be f-ekbe
sublative f-re f-ekre
allative f-hez f-ekhez
elative f-ből f-ekből
delative f-ről f-ekről
ablative f-től f-ektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
f-é f-eké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
f-éi f-ekéi
Possessive forms of f
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. f-em f-jeim
2nd person sing. f-ed f-jeid
3rd person sing. f-je f-jei
1st person plural f-ünk f-jeink
2nd person plural f-etek f-jeitek
3rd person plural f-jük f-jeik

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • (speech sound, letter, abbreviation): f in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (musical sound, its symbol, or its key or chord position): f in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (interjection expressing pain): f in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • f in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Icelandic edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ɛfː/

Letter edit

f (upper case F)

  1. The eighth letter of the Icelandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Ido edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /f/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /fe/

Letter edit

f (upper case F)

  1. The sixth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Indonesian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The sixth letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Italian edit

Letter edit

f f or m (invariable, lower case, upper case F)

  1. The sixth letter of the Italian alphabet, called effe and written in the Latin script.

Kashubian edit

Etymology edit

The Kashubian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Kashubian alphabet article on Wikipedia for more, and f for development of the glyph itself.

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The tenth letter of the Kashubian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Latvian edit

 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology edit

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation edit

(file)

Letter edit

 
F

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The ninth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called ef and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes edit

The letter F/f (like H/h, and O/o representing [o], [oː] instead of [uə̯]) is found only in words of foreign origin (borrowings).

See also edit

Livonian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (upper case F)

  1. The tenth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Malay edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The sixth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Maltese edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /f/
  • IPA(key): /v/ (per assimilation to a following voiced obstruent)

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The sixth letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Letter edit

f (upercase F)

  1. The sixth letter of the Norwegian Bokmål alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Nupe edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The seventh letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Polish edit

Etymology edit

The Polish orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the history of Polish orthography article on Wikipedia for more, and f for development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (upper case F, lower case)

  1. The ninth letter of the Polish alphabet, called ef and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The sixth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Romani edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. (International Standard) The eighth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The ninth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The eighth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ef, fe, or and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Scottish Gaelic edit

Etymology 1 edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The sixth letter of the Scottish Gaelic alphabet, written in the Latin script. It is preceded by e and followed by g. Its traditional name is feàrna (alder).
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Adverb edit

f

  1. Abbreviation of feasgar ((in the) afternoon, post meridiem); pm, p.m.
    Antonyms: m, sa mhadainn

Serbo-Croatian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • F (uppercase)

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (Cyrillic spelling ф)

  1. The 10th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by e and followed by g.

Preposition edit

f (Cyrillic spelling ф)

  1. (Kajkavian) in, at (location) [+locative]
  2. (Kajkavian) to, into (direction) [+accusative]
  3. (Kajkavian) on, in, at, during (time) [+accusative]
  4. (Kajkavian) in, during (time) [+accusative]

Synonyms edit

Silesian edit

Etymology edit

The Silesian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Silesian language article on Wikipedia for more, and f for development of the glyph itself.

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The eighth letter of the Silesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Skolt Sami edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (upper case F)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Slovene edit

 
Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology 1 edit

From Gaj's Latin alphabet f, from Czech alphabet f, which is a modification of upper case Latin letter F, from Greek Ancient Greek letter Ϝ (W, digamma), derived from the Phoenician letter ⁧𐤅(w, waw), from the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓏲. Pronunciation as IPA(key): /fə/ is initial Slovene (phoneme plus a fill vowel) and the second pronunciation is probably taken from German f.

Pronunciation edit

  • Phoneme
  • Letter name

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The seventh letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. The tenth letter of the Resian alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  3. The seventh letter of the Natisone Valley dialect alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Symbol edit

f

  1. (SNPT) Phonetic transcription of sound [f].

Noun edit

f m inan

  1. The name of the Latin script letter F / f.
  2. (linguistics) The name of the phoneme /f/.
Inflection edit
  • First pronunciation
First masculine declension (soft o-stem, inanimate), -j- infix
nom. sing. f
gen. sing. f-ja
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
f f-ja f-ji
genitive
rodȋlnik
f-ja f-jev f-jev
dative
dajȃlnik
f-ju, f-ji f-jema f-jem
accusative
tožȋlnik
f f-ja f-je
locative
mẹ̑stnik
f-ju, f-ji f-jih f-jih
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
f-jem f-jema f-ji
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
f f-ja f-ji
  • Second pronunciation
First masculine declension (hard o-stem, inanimate)
nom. sing. f
gen. sing. f-a
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
f f-a f-i
genitive
rodȋlnik
f-a f-ov f-ov
dative
dajȃlnik
f-u, f-i f-oma f-om
accusative
tožȋlnik
f f-a f-e
locative
mẹ̑stnik
f-u, f-i f-ih f-ih
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
f-om f-oma f-i
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
f f-a f-i
  • More common when with a definite adjective
Third masculine declension (no endings)
nom. sing. f
gen. sing. f
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
f f f
genitive
rodȋlnik
f f f
dative
dajȃlnik
f f f
accusative
tožȋlnik
f f f
locative
mẹ̑stnik
f f f
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
f f f
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
f f f
  • First pronunciation, dialectal, in common written language used till 19th century
First masculine declension (hard o-stem, inanimate), -j- infix
nom. sing. f
gen. sing. f-ja
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
f f-ja f-ji
genitive
rodȋlnik
f-ja f-jov f-jov
dative
dajȃlnik
f-ju, f-ji f-joma f-jom
accusative
tožȋlnik
f f-ja f-je
locative
mẹ̑stnik
f-ju, f-ji f-jih f-jih
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
f-jom f-joma f-ji
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
f f-ja f-ji

Etymology 2 edit

From f, an abbreviation for fuck, from Middle English *fukken, probably from Proto-Germanic *fukkōną, from Proto-Indo-European *pewǵ- (to strike, punch, stab).

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

f

  1. (slang, euphemistic, usually in phrase f you / f ju) fuck
    Synonyms: f*k, f**k, fak, fuck

Noun edit

f m inan

  1. (slang, euphemistic, usually in nominative case) fuck
    Synonyms: f*k, f**k, fak, fuck
    Ne vem kaj za f je narobe z mano.
    I don't know what the f is wrong with me.
Inflection edit
Third masculine declension (no endings)
nom. sing. f
gen. sing. f
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
f f f
genitive
rodȋlnik
f f f
dative
dajȃlnik
f f f
accusative
tožȋlnik
f f f
locative
mẹ̑stnik
f f f
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
f f f
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
f f f
First masculine declension (hard o-stem, inanimate)
nom. sing. f
gen. sing. f-a
singular dual plural
nominative
imenovȃlnik
f f-a f-i
genitive
rodȋlnik
f-a f-ev f-ev
dative
dajȃlnik
f-u, f-i f-ema f-em
accusative
tožȋlnik
f f-a f-e
locative
mẹ̑stnik
f-u, f-i f-ih f-ih
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
f-em f-ema f-i
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
f f-a f-i

Etymology 3 edit

A dialectal variant of v made by analogy to s/z in dialects where [w] turned into [v] and got its devoiced part, [f].

Pronunciation edit

  • Noramlly
  • Otside usual context

Preposition edit

f

  1. (dialectal, particularly eastern dialects, with accusative) into, in
    • 2020 July 24, “Dejo: Pa kdu je ta Branko?”, in Radio Odeon[1]:
      I ko ne vrjameš več v njega, on še skus vrjame f tebe.
      And when you don't believe in him anymore, he still believes in you.
  2. (dialectal, particularly eastern dialects, with locative) in, at
Usage notes edit

This variant of preposition v is used only before words that start with a devoiced consonant and binds to the syllable of the following word or geminates [f] if the following word starts with it.

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • f”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (letter name) /ˈefe/ [ˈe.fe]
  • Rhymes: -efe

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The sixth letter of the Spanish alphabet, called ef and written in the Latin script.

Tagalog edit

Etymology edit

From Spanish f. Each pronunciation has a different source:

  • Filipino alphabet pronunciation is influenced by English f.
  • Abecedario pronunciation is from Spanish f.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: f
  • (letter name, Filipino alphabet):
  • (letter name, Abecedario):
    • IPA(key): /ˈʔefe/, [ˈʔɛ.fɛ]
    • IPA(key): /ˈʔepe/, [ˈʔɛ.pɛ]
  • (phoneme):
  • Rhymes: -ef, -ep, -efe, -epe

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F, Baybayin spelling ᜁᜉ᜔)

  1. The sixth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Filipino alphabet), called ef and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes edit

  • This letter is mostly used only in Spanish-based spellings, proper nouns, or unadapted loanwords.
  • Some purists of Tagalog replace f in words with p.

See also edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F, Baybayin spelling ᜁᜉᜒ)

  1. (historical) The seventh letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Abecedario), called efe and written in the Latin script.

Further reading edit

  • f”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Turkish edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The seventh letter of the Turkish alphabet, called fe and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Turkmen edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (upper case F)

  1. The seventh letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called fe and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The eighth letter of the Welsh alphabet, called èf and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by e and followed by ff.

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “f”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Yoruba edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The sixth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Zulu edit

Letter edit

f (lower case, upper case F)

  1. The sixth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit