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U+8A72, 該
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A72

[U+8A71]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A73]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 149 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜口卜女人 (YRYVO), four-corner 00682, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1158, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35445
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1624, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3970, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8A72

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *ɡɯː
*kɯː, *krɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *ɡrɯːʔ
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *kʰɯː, *ɡɯːʔ, *ɡrɯːʔ
*kɯː
*kɯːʔ, *ɡɯː
*kʰɯː
*kʰɯːʔ
*kʰɯːɡs, *qraːds
*ŋɡɯːɡs
*ŋɡɯːɡs
*qʰɯː, *ɡɯː
*ɡɯː
*ɡɯːʔ
*ɡɯːɡs, *kʰrɯːɡs, *ɡɯːɡ
*krɯː
*kʰrɯːɡs
*ɡrɯː
*ɡrɯːʔ
*kʰɯːɡ
*qɯːɡ
*ɡuːd, *ɡrɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯː): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡɯːʔ).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kai⁵⁵/
Harbin /kai⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kai²¹/
Jinan /kɛ²¹³/
Qingdao /kɛ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kai²⁴/
Xi'an /kai²¹/
Xining /kɛ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kɛ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kɛ³¹/
Ürümqi /kai⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kai⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kai⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kai⁵⁵/
Kunming /kæ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /kae³¹/
Hefei /ke̞²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kai¹¹/
Pingyao /kæ¹³/
Hohhot /kɛ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ke⁵³/
Suzhou /ke̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ke̞³³/
Wenzhou /ke³³/
Hui Shexian /kɛ³¹/
Tunxi /kuə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kai³³/
Xiangtan /kai³³/
Gan Nanchang /kai⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /koi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /koi²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɔi⁵³/
Nanning /kɔi⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kɔi⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kai⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kai⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kai⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kai³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kai²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəi/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəj/
Li
Rong
/kᴀi/
Wang
Li
/kɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gāi
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4803
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to contain; to include
  2. extensive; comprehensive; wide
  3. will be; going to be
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  4. should; ought to; need to; have to
    /   ―  gāi  ―  damned
    /   ―  gāi qù shuì le.  ―  I must go to sleep now.
  5. to deserve; to serve someone right
    再三使酒便發怒:「將令!」 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    再三使酒便发怒:“将令!” [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: Romance of the Three Kingdoms, circa 14th century CE
    Bào zàisān bù yǐn, Fēi zuì hòu shǐjiǔ, biàn fānù yuē: “Nǐ wéi wǒ jiānglìng, gāi dǎ yī bǎi!” [Pinyin]
    Bao repeatedly declined to drink. Fei was tipsy from all the wine, and angrily said, "You are in violation of my orders. You deserve 100 lashes!"
  6. to be one's turn (to do something)
  7. (colloquial) to owe
  8. all; everywhere
  9. particle used for emphasis
  10. (formal) the aforementioned; such; that
    /   ―  gāi chù  ―  that place
  11. (dialectal) this

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of (“this”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai old-style obsolete

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hae) (hangeul , revised hae, McCune-Reischauer hae, Yale hay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cai, cơi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.