See also: Guru and gurú

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Hindi गुरू (gurū) / Urdu گرو(guru) / Punjabi ਗੁਰੂ (gurū), from Sanskrit गुरु (guru, venerable, respectable), originally "heavy" and in this sense cognate to English grieve. (A traditional etymology based on the Advayataraka Upanishad (line 16)[1] describes the syllables gu as 'darkness' and ru as 'destroyer', thus meaning "one who destroys/dispels darkness"). Doublet of grave, grief, and brute.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɡʊɹuː/, /ˈɡuːɹuː/, /ɡʊˈɹuː/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɡʊɹ(ˌ)u/, /ˈɡu(ˌ)ɹu/, /ɡəˈɹu/
  • (file)

NounEdit

guru (plural gurus)

  1. A Hindu or Sikh spiritual teacher. [from 17th c.]
    • 1817, William Ward, History, Literature and Religion of the Hindoos, vol II:
      When the gooroo arrives at the house of a disciple, the whole family prostrate themselves at his feet, and the spiritual guide puts his right foot on the heads of the prostrate family.
    • 2010, Wendy Shanker, The Guardian, 10 May 2010:
      Traditionally, a guru is a spiritual teacher who guides a student on the road to Enlightenment, or finding God.
  2. (sometimes humorous) An influential advisor or mentor. [from 20th c.]
    • 2004, ‘Vintage technology’, Time, 18 Oct 2004:
      Many oenophiles rely on the ratings and recommendations of wine guru Robert Parker when selecting the perfect bottle.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “Advaya Taraka Upanishad(English Translation)”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1], accessed December 15, 2011

BlagarEdit

NounEdit

guru

  1. teacher

ReferencesEdit


CzechEdit

NounEdit

guru m

  1. guru (spiritual teacher)
  2. guru (leader or expert in a field)

FinnishEdit

NounEdit

guru

  1. A guru

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of guru (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative guru gurut
genitive gurun gurujen
partitive gurua guruja
illative guruun guruihin
singular plural
nominative guru gurut
accusative nom. guru gurut
gen. gurun
genitive gurun gurujen
partitive gurua guruja
inessive gurussa guruissa
elative gurusta guruista
illative guruun guruihin
adessive gurulla guruilla
ablative gurulta guruilta
allative gurulle guruille
essive guruna guruina
translative guruksi guruiksi
instructive guruin
abessive gurutta guruitta
comitative guruineen
Possessive forms of guru (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person guruni gurumme
2nd person gurusi gurunne
3rd person gurunsa

FrenchEdit

NounEdit

guru m (plural gurus)

  1. Alternative spelling of gourou

HausaEdit

NounEdit

gūr̃ū m (plural gūr̃ā̀yē, possessed form gūr̃un)

  1. A large leather belt, usually containing charms.

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Hindi गुरु (guru), from Sanskrit गुरु (guru, heavy).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ ˈɡuru]
  • Hyphenation: gu‧ru
  • Rhymes: -ru

NounEdit

guru (plural guruk)

  1. guru (a Hindu or Sikh spiritual teacher)
  2. guru (leader or expert in a field)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative guru guruk
accusative gurut gurukat
dative gurunak guruknak
instrumental guruval gurukkal
causal-final guruért gurukért
translative guruvá gurukká
terminative guruig gurukig
essive-formal guruként gurukként
essive-modal
inessive guruban gurukban
superessive gurun gurukon
adessive gurunál guruknál
illative guruba gurukba
sublative gurura gurukra
allative guruhoz gurukhoz
elative guruból gurukból
delative gururól gurukról
ablative gurutól guruktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
gurué guruké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
guruéi gurukéi
Possessive forms of guru
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. gurum guruim
2nd person sing. gurud guruid
3rd person sing. guruja gurui
1st person plural gurunk guruink
2nd person plural gurutok guruitok
3rd person plural gurujuk guruik

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ guru in Tótfalusi, István. Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN

IndonesianEdit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

EtymologyEdit

From Malay guru, ultimately Sanskrit गुरु (gurú, guru, teacher, sage), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *gr̥Húṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *gr̥Húš, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷr̥h₂ús (heavy). Doublet of bruto.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

guru (plural para guru, first-person possessive guruku, second-person possessive gurumu, third-person possessive gurunya)

  1. teacher

Derived termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Hindi गुरू (gurū, teacher)

NounEdit

guru m (invariable)

  1. A guru (religious or spiritual leader; influential person)

JavaneseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit गुरु (guru, teacher)

NounEdit

guru (krama-ngoko guru)

  1. spiritual teacher
  2. teacher
    Synonym: dwija
  3. (of bee) queen bee

ReferencesEdit

  • "guru" in Tim Balai Bahasa Yogyakarta, Kamus Basa Jawa (Bausastra Jawa). Kanisius, Yogyakarta

LatinEdit

NounEdit

gū̆rū

  1. ablative singular of gū̆rus

LinduEdit

NounEdit

guru

  1. teacher

MalayEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit गुरु (gurú).

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

NounEdit

guru (Jawi spelling ݢورو‎, plural guru-guru, informal 1st possessive guruku, impolite 2nd possessive gurumu, 3rd possessive gurunya)

  1. educator, teacher, instructor

Further readingEdit


MapudungunEdit

 
A red fox (Vulpes vulpes).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /ŋʊʐʊ/

NounEdit

guru (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. A fox

PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Sanskrit गुरु (guru). It is an assimilatory modification of garu.

AdjectiveEdit

guru

  1. heavy
  2. venerable

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

guru m

  1. teacher (clarification of this definition is needed)

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

Pali Text Society, editor (1921-1925) , “guru”, in Pali-English Dictionary, London: Chipstead


PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

From Hindi गुरू (gurū) / Urdu گرو(guru) / Punjabi ਗੁਰੂ (gurū), from Sanskrit गुरु (gurú), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *gr̥Húṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *gr̥Húš, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷr̥h₂ús (heavy).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

guru m pers (indeclinable)

  1. (Hinduism) guru (spiritual teacher)
  2. guru (advisor or mentor)

Further readingEdit

  • guru in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • guru in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

 
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit गुरु (gurú, venerable, respectable), originally "heavy", from Proto-Indo-European *gʷréh₂us.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

guru m (plural gurus)

  1. guru (spiritual teacher)

NounEdit

guru m, f (plural gurus)

  1. guru (advisor, mentor)

Related termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

NounEdit

gȕru m (Cyrillic spelling гу̏ру)

  1. guru

DeclensionEdit


SlovakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Hindi गुरू (gurū) / Urdu گرو(guru), from Sanskrit गुरु (guru, venerable, respectable).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

guru m (genitive singular gurua, nominative plural guruovia, genitive plural guruov, declension pattern of chlap)

  1. guru

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • guru in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

SwahiliEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Hindi गुड़ (guṛ, jaggery).

NounEdit

guru

  1. Only used in sukari guru (jaggery)

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Hindi गुरू (gurū), from Sanskrit गुरु (guru, heavy).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

guru c

  1. guru

DeclensionEdit

Declension of guru 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative guru gurun gurur, guruer, gurus gururna, guruernas
Genitive gurus guruns gururs, guruers, gurus gururnas, guruernas

ReferencesEdit