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See also: möten

Contents

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch moeten, from Old Dutch muotan, from Proto-Germanic *mōtaną.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

moeten

  1. (intransitive) to be necessary, to be required
  2. (auxiliary) to have to, must
    Hij moet gaan.He has to / He must go.
    Moest je nog werken vanavond?Did you have to work tonight?
  3. (auxiliary) should, be meant to
    Het moet hier zijn, maar het was gestolen.It is meant to be here, but it was stolen. / It should be here, but it was stolen.
    Dat moet je echt niet doen.You really should not do that.
  4. (intransitive, informal) to need to go to the toilet
    Ik moet heel nodig!I really need to go!

Usage notesEdit

The past tense moest can be used in the present. In Dutch, one can ask "Moest je nog werken vanavond?" which can mean both "did you have to work tonight?" and "do you have to work tonight?". This is similar to gaan.

InflectionEdit

Inflection of moeten (preterite-present)
infinitive moeten
past singular moest
past participle gemoeten
infinitive moeten
gerund moeten n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular moet moest
2nd person sing. (jij) moet moest
2nd person sing. (u) moet moest
2nd person sing. (gij) moet moest
3rd person singular moet moest
plural moeten moesten
subjunctive sing.1 moete moeste
subjunctive plur.1 moeten moesten
imperative sing. moet
imperative plur.1 moet
participles moetend gemoeten
1) Archaic.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

  • (have to, usually in negative sentences): hoeven

Middle DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch muotan, from Proto-Germanic *mōtaną.

VerbEdit

moeten

  1. (auxiliary) to have to, must, to be obliged to
  2. (auxiliary) to be allowed to, to have permission to
  3. (auxiliary) will, shall
InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Dutch *muoten, from Proto-Germanic *mōtijaną.

VerbEdit

moeten

  1. to meet, to come upon
  2. to meet with hostility
InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • moeten”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • moeten (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929
  • moeten (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929