See also: möten

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch moeten, from Old Dutch muotan, from Proto-Germanic *mōtaną. Cognate with English mote (may, might).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈmutə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -utən

VerbEdit

moeten

  1. (intransitive) to be necessary, to be required
  2. (auxiliary) to have to, must
    Hij moet gaan.He has to / He must go.
    Moest je nog werken vanavond?Did you have to work tonight?
    Synonym: verplicht zijn te
    Antonym: niet hoeven
  3. (auxiliary) should, be meant to, be supposed to
    Het moet hier zijn, maar het is gestolen.It is meant to be here, but it was stolen. / It should be here, but it was stolen.
    Dat moet je echt niet doen.You really should not do that.
    De nieuwe wet moet op 1 januari in werking treden.The new law is supposed to come into force on 1 January.
    Synonyms: zou moeten, horen
  4. (intransitive) to have to go, to need to go, must go
    Ik moet nog naar de supermarkt vandaag.
    I still need to go to the supermarket today.
    Antonym: niet hoeven
  5. (intransitive, informal) to need to go to the toilet
    Ik moet heel nodig!I really need to go!

Usage notesEdit

  • The past tense moest can be used in the present. In Dutch, one can ask "Moest je nog werken vanavond?" which can mean both "did you have to work tonight?" and "do you have to work tonight?". This is similar to gaan.

InflectionEdit

Inflection of moeten (preterite-present)
infinitive moeten
past singular moest
past participle gemoeten
infinitive moeten
gerund moeten n
present tense past tense
1st person singular moet moest
2nd person sing. (jij) moet moest
2nd person sing. (u) moet moest
2nd person sing. (gij) moet moest
3rd person singular moet moest
plural moeten moesten
subjunctive sing.1 moete moeste
subjunctive plur.1 moeten moesten
imperative sing. moet
imperative plur.1 moet
participles moetend gemoeten
1) Archaic.

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: moet
  • Sranan Tongo: moe

Middle DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch muotan, from Proto-Germanic *mōtaną.

VerbEdit

moeten

  1. (auxiliary) to have to, must, to be obliged to
  2. (auxiliary) to be allowed to, to have permission to
  3. (auxiliary) will, shall
InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Dutch *muoten, from Proto-Germanic *mōtijaną.

VerbEdit

moeten

  1. to meet, to come upon
  2. to meet with hostility
InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • moeten”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000

Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “moeten (I)”, in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page I

Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “moeten (II)”, in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page II