EnglishEdit

 
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Ancient Greek Alphabet

lambda
  
nu
Μ μ
Ancient Greek: μῦ
Wikipedia article on mu

Etymology 1Edit

From Ancient Greek μῦ ().

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mu (countable and uncountable, plural mus)

  1. The 12th letter of the Modern Greek alphabet.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Japanese (mu, nothing, neither yes nor no)

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

mu

  1. (Zen Buddhism) Neither yes nor no.
    • 1974, Robert M. Pirsig, Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance:
      Mu means "no thing." Like "Quality" it points outside the process of dualistic discrimination. Mu simply says, "No class; not one, not zero, not yes, not no." [...] It's a great mistake, a kind of dishonesty, to sweep nature's mu answers under the carpet.
    • 1979, Douglas Hofstadter, Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid:
      Achilles: Oh, but MU is Jōshū’s answer. By saying MU, Jōshū let the other monk know that only by not asking such questions can one know the answer to them.
      Tortoise: Jōshū “unasked” the question. […]
      Achilles: […] And the answer of “MU” here rejects the premises of the question, which are that one or the other must be chosen.
    • 1996, Dan Simmons, "Looking for Kelly Dahl", The Year's Best Science Fiction, page 424:
      "Mu," said Kelly Dahl.
      On one level mu means only yes, but on a deeper level of Zen it was often used by the master when the acolyte asked a stupid, unanswerable or wrongheaded question such as "Does a dog have the Buddha-nature?" The Master would answer only, "Mu," meaning—I say "yes" but mean "no," but the actual answer is: Unask the question.
    • 2002, Norman Waddell and Masao Abe, The Heart of Dōgen's Shōbōgenzō, page 72:
      The Fifth Patriarch's utterance You say mu [Buddha-nature] because Buddha-nature is emptiness articulates clearly and distinctly the truth that emptiness is not "no". In uttering Buddha-nature-emptiness one does not say "half a pound." One does not say "eight ounces." One says "mu."
    • 2010, Joan Price, Sacred Scriptures of the World Religions, page 70:
      A monk once asked Master Joshu, 'Has a dog the Buddha Nature or not?' Joshu said, 'Mu!'

NounEdit

mu (uncountable)

  1. (Zen Buddhism) Nothingness; nonexistence; the illusory nature of reality.
    • 2012, Omori, Introduction To Zen Training, →ISBN, page 115:
      That being the case, we should naturally choose to contemplate mu from morning to night, forgetting everything.
    • 2012, Dr Robert Wilkinson, Nishida and Western Philosophy, →ISBN:
      Consequently, though mu is mindlike, the likeness to individual consciousness cannot be pushed very far.
    • 2013, Sean Murphy & Natalie Goldberg, One Bird, One Stone: 108 Contemporary Zen Stories, →ISBN, page xvii:
      The monk posed to Chaoi-chou a question: Does a dog have a buddha nature or not?" Chao-chou, without a moment's hesitation, answered, “Mu." (Translated as "No.")
    • 2013, Maura O'Halloran, Pure Heart, Enlightened Mind, →ISBN:
      If mu is mind, consciousness, it is nothing.
Usage notesEdit

Used to answer a question that if answered with "yes" or "no" would imply something false.

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • (non-affirmative, non-negative answer): n/a

Etymology 3Edit

From Mandarin ()

NounEdit

mu (plural mu)

  1. A unit of surface area, currently equivalent to 666 and 2/3 meters squared.
    • 2007 — Chang Liu, “Peasants and Revolution in Rural China: Rural Political Change in the North China Plain and the Yangzi Delta, 1850-1949”, page 87
      Of 114 village farming families, only ten had more than 30 mu of land and only five had more than 60 mu.

AnagramsEdit


AnguthimriEdit

NounEdit

mu

  1. (Mpakwithi) buttocks

ReferencesEdit

  • Terry Crowley, The Mpakwithi dialect of Anguthimri (1981), page 187

AsturianEdit

InterjectionEdit

mu

  1. moo (sound made by a cow or bull)

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

mu

  1. singular dative masculine of on
    Řekni mu, že jím.Tell him, I am eating.

SynonymsEdit


ExtremaduranEdit

AdverbEdit

mu

  1. very

See alsoEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mu m (plural mu)

  1. mu (Greek letter)

Further readingEdit


Hanga HundiEdit

NounEdit

mu

  1. (a) crocodile

Further readingEdit


HausaEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

  1. we (1st person plural pronoun)

Ikobi-MenaEdit

NounEdit

mu (Mena), mụ (Ikobi)

  1. water

ReferencesEdit


IndonesianEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

mu

  1. (text messaging, informal) Alternative spelling of -mu.

ItalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mu m or f (invariable)

  1. the name of the letter M

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

mu

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

JingphoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Burmese မူး (mu:)

NounEdit

mu

  1. two anna bit

ReferencesEdit

  • Kurabe, Keita (2016-12-31), “Phonology of Burmese loanwords in Jinghpaw”, in Kyoto University Linguistic Research[1], volume 35, DOI:10.14989/219015, ISSN 1349-7804, pages 91–128

JurchenEdit

NounEdit

mu

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • Gisaburō Norikura Kiyose, A Study of the Jurchen Language and Script: Reconstruction and Decipherment (1977)

KitubaEdit

PronounEdit

mu

  1. I

Kom (Cameroon)Edit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

mu

  1. water

Etymology 2Edit

AdjectiveEdit

mu

  1. old

ReferencesEdit

  • Randy Jones, Provisional Kom - English lexicon (2001, Yaoundé, Cameroon)

LashiEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

mu

  1. to happen

ReferencesEdit

  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[2], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)

MalayEdit

EtymologyEdit

Shortened form of kamu, from Proto-Malayic *kamu(ʔ), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)kamu, *kamiu, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)kamu, *kamiu.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

mu

  1. you

See alsoEdit


MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

mu

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Northern SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈmuː/

PronounEdit

  1. accusative/genitive of mun

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

PronounEdit

mu m

  1. dative singular mute of on

PronounEdit

mu n

  1. dative singular mute of ono

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Onomatopoeic.

InterjectionEdit

mu

  1. moo (sound made by cows and bulls)
Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • mu in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • Rhymes: -u

Etymology 1Edit

Latin mūlus (mule)

NounEdit

mu m (plural mus)

  1. mule
    Synonym: mulo

Etymology 2Edit

Onomatopoeic.

Alternative formsEdit

InterjectionEdit

mu

  1. moo (the call of a cow)

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Onomatopoeic.

InterjectionEdit

mu

  1. moo (sound made by cows)

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish imb. Cognates include Irish um and Manx mysh.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

mu (+ dative, triggers lenition)

  1. about, around
    Bha craobhan mu ghàrradh an taighe.There were trees around the house's yard.
  2. about, concerning
    Bha sinn a' bruidhinn mu làithean san sgoil againn.We were talking about our days at school.
  3. about, approximately
    Bidh a' chuairt a' toirt mu thrì uairean.The trip will take about three hours.

InflectionEdit

Personal inflection of mu
Number Person Simple Emphatic
Singular 1st umam umamsa
2nd umad umadsa
3rd m uime uimesan
3rd f uimpe uimpese
Plural 1st umainn umainne
2nd umaibh umaibhse
3rd umpa umpasan

Derived termsEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

PronounEdit

mu (Cyrillic spelling му)

  1. to him (clitic dative singular of ȏn (he))
  2. to it (clitic dative singular of òno (it))
  3. (emphatic, possessive, dative) his, of his (clitic dative singular of ȏn (he))
    Gdje mu je auto?
    Where is his car?
  4. (emphatic, possessive, dative) its, of its (clitic dative singular of òno (it))

DeclensionEdit


SpanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Onomatopoeic.

PronunciationEdit

  • Rhymes: -u

InterjectionEdit

mu

  1. moo (sound of a cow)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

mu f (plural múes)

  1. Misspelling of mi. (mu, the Greek letter Μ, μ)

SumerianEdit

RomanizationEdit

mu

  1. Romanization of 𒈬 (mu)

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

mu

  1. moo

NounEdit

mu n

  1. moo; the sound of a cow or a bull

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


TurkishEdit

ParticleEdit

mu

  1. Used to form interrogatives.
    Ona bu soruyu sordun mu?
    Did you ask him/her this question?
    Mutlu musun?
    Are you happy?
    Pikniğe gitmiyor muyuz?
    Aren't we going for a picnic?

Usage notesEdit

  • Personal suffixes are added to the interrogative particles, as well as the past tense suffixes.
  • This form is used when the last vowel of the previous word is "o" or "u". Other forms used with different vowels are: ?, mi? and ?

TzotzilEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

AdjectiveEdit

mu

  1. delicious

Etymology 2Edit

ParticleEdit

mu

  1. (negation) not
    Mu jna'.I do not know him/her/it.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

(particles)

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Zhuang moz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

mu ()

  1. pubes, the pubic region
  2. the shells of some animals
    Synonym: mai

VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Spanish muy (very).

AdverbEdit

mu

  1. extremely

ZouEdit

VerbEdit

mu

  1. see

ReferencesEdit