See also: Spannen and spännen

Dutch

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Etymology

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From Middle Dutch spannen, from Old Dutch *spannan, from Proto-Germanic *spannaną.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈspɑ.nə(n)/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑnən

Verb

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spannen

  1. to strain, to put tension on
  2. to stretch

Inflection

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Conjugation of spannen (weak with strong past participle)
infinitive spannen
past singular spande
past participle gespannen
infinitive spannen
gerund spannen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular span spande
2nd person sing. (jij) spant, span2 spande
2nd person sing. (u) spant spande
2nd person sing. (gij) spant spande
3rd person singular spant spande
plural spannen spanden
subjunctive sing.1 spanne spande
subjunctive plur.1 spannen spanden
imperative sing. span
imperative plur.1 spant
participles spannend gespannen
1) Archaic. 2) In case of inversion.

Derived terms

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adjectives
nouns
verbs

Descendants

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  • Afrikaans: span
  • Papiamentu: span
  • Saramaccan: sipán
  • Sranan Tongo: span
    • Caribbean Javanese: sepang

German

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Etymology

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From Middle High German spannen, from Old High German spannan, from Proto-Germanic *spannaną.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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spannen (weak, third-person singular present spannt, past tense spannte, past participle gespannt, auxiliary haben)

  1. to stretch
  2. to tighten
  3. to tension
  4. to be taut
  5. to harness
    • 1922, Walther Kabel (pseud. William Käbler), Das Geheimnis des Zuni, Werner Dietsch Verlag, page 34:
      Vor jeden Wagen waren acht indianische Mustangs gespannt.
      Eight Indian mustangs were harnessed in front of each wagon.
  6. to span
  7. (colloquial) to stare, gaze
  8. (colloquial) to peep, spy on someone

Conjugation

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Derived terms

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Further reading

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  • spannen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • spannen” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • spannen” in Duden online
  • spannen” in OpenThesaurus.de

Luxembourgish

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Etymology

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From Old High German spinnan, from Proto-Germanic *spinnaną. Cognate with German spinnen, Dutch spinnen, English spin, Swedish spinna.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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spannen (third-person singular present spënnt, past participle gesponnen, auxiliary verb hunn)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) to spin (make yarn)
  2. (intransitive) to be crazy, wacky, to hold a strange opinion about something
  3. (intransitive, of cats) to purr

Conjugation

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Irregular
infinitive spannen
participle gesponnen
auxiliary hunn
present
indicative
imperative
1st singular spannen
2nd singular spënns spann
3rd singular spënnt
1st plural spannen
2nd plural spannt spannt
3rd plural spannen
(n) or (nn) indicates the Eifeler Regel.
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See also

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Middle Dutch

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Etymology

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From Old Dutch *spannan, from Proto-Germanic *spannaną.

Verb

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spannen

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Inflection

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Strong class 7
Infinitive spannen
3rd sg. past spien
3rd pl. past spienen
Past participle gespannen
Infinitive spannen
In genitive spannens
In dative spannene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular spanne spien
2nd singular spans, spannes spiens, spienes
3rd singular spant, spannet spien
1st plural spannen spienen
2nd plural spant, spannet spient, spienet
3rd plural spannen spienen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular spanne spiene
2nd singular spans, spannes spienes
3rd singular spanne spiene
1st plural spannen spienen
2nd plural spant, spannet spienet
3rd plural spannen spienen
Imperative Present
Singular span, spanne
Plural spant, spannet
Present Past
Participle spannende gespannen

Descendants

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Further reading

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Middle English

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Etymology

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From Old English spannan, from Proto-Germanic *spannaną.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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spannen

  1. (transitive, rare) To tie around, wrap.
  2. (transitive, rare) To forcibly take, to confiscate.

Conjugation

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Descendants

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References

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Swedish

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Noun

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spannen

  1. definite singular of spann c (bucket; archaic unit of volume)
  2. definite plural of spann n (span; archaic unit of distance; group of draft animals)

Anagrams

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West Frisian

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Noun

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spannen

  1. plural of span