See also: árak and arák

English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Arabic عَرَق (ʕaraq, sweat), a reference to the condensate in the distillation process. Doublet of ara, raki, and rakija.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /əˈɹæk/, /ˈɛɹ.ɪk/

Noun edit

arak (usually uncountable, plural araks)

  1. A clear, unsweetened aniseed-flavoured alcoholic drink, produced and consumed primarily in the Levant.
    • 2005 January 25, “The return of arak”, in The New York Times[1], →ISSN:
      A rite of the grape harvest in the Christian villages dotting the Lebanon mountain range [] is the perfectly legal distillation of homemade arak. This smooth, cool, refreshing liquor, tasting of licorice with a soupçon of peppermint, remains the staple drink at Sunday lunch, an eat-till-you-drop extravaganza of small meze dishes.
    • 2015 February 6, Henry Jeffreys, “How to enjoy ouzo, even when you’re not on holiday”, in The Guardian[2], →ISSN:
      In Lebanon they have arak, in Turkey raki, and they even make something similar in Saudi Arabia. This is not so surprising as the Arabs were probably the first people to distil alcohol; alcohol is an Arabic word. “Arak” means “sweat” in Arabic, and describes the distillation process rather than what happens when you drink too much.
  2. Alternative spelling of arrack (an alcoholic drink distilled from coconut palm flowers or sugar cane)
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Arabic أَرَاك (ʔarāk).

Noun edit

arak (usually uncountable, plural araks)

  1. A toothbrush tree (Salvadora persica).
    • 1958-1994, Hamilton Gibb & CF Beckingham, in The Travels of Ibn Battutah, Folio Society 2012, p. 51:
      They use perfume freely, paint their eyes with kohl, and are constantly polishing their teeth with twigs of green arak-wood.

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Bikol Central edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Malay arak, from Arabic عَرَق (ʕaraq) (cf. Tagalog alak, Chamorro arak and Ilocano arak).

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: a‧rak
  • IPA(key): /ˈʔaɾak/, [ˈʔa.ɾak]
  • (file)

Noun edit

árak (Basahan spelling ᜀᜍᜃ᜔)

  1. liquor, alcoholic beverage
  2. wine
    Synonym: (slang, dated) agwa de pataranta

See also edit

Cebuano edit

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: a‧rak
  • IPA(key): /ˈʔaɾak/, [ˈʔa.ɾ̪ʌk]

Noun edit

arak

  1. Philippine trogon (Harpactes ardens)

Chamorro edit

Etymology edit

From Malay arak, from Arabic عَرَق (ʕaraq).

Noun edit

arak

  1. distilled liquor made from fermented coconut milk

Galo edit

Noun edit

arak

  1. cliff

Ilocano edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Malay arak, from Arabic عَرَق (ʕaraq).

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: á‧rak
  • IPA(key): /ˈʔaɾak/

Noun edit

árak

  1. wine; liquor; alcoholic beverage
  2. alcohol
    Synonym: alkohol
Derived terms edit

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aʀak (to walk single-file).

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: a‧rák
  • IPA(key): /ʔaˈɾak/, [ʔɐˈɾak]

Noun edit

arák

  1. gathering; congregation; assembly
Derived terms edit

Indonesian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Malay arak, from Classical Malay ارق (arak), from Arabic عَرَق (ʕaraq).

Noun edit

arak (plural arak-arak, first-person possessive arakku, second-person possessive arakmu, third-person possessive araknya)

  1. arrack; an alcoholic beverage usually made from fermenting rice; rice wine
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Malay arak, from Classical Malay ارق (arak), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aʀak (to walk single-file).

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Verb edit

arak

  1. to (casually) walk or move past
    ...pengantin wanita dan pengantin laki-laki... di arak atau pawai di sekitar kampung.[1](please add an English translation of this usage example)
Conjugation edit
Conjugation of arak (meng-, ber-, intransitive)
Root arak
Active Involuntary /
Perfective
Passive Basic /
Imperative
Jussive
Active mengarak, berarak terarak diarak arak araklah
Locative mengaraki diaraki araki arakilah
Causative / Applicative1 mengarakkan, berarakkan terarakkan diarakkan arakkan arakkanlah
Causative
Locative
Causative / Applicative1 diperarakkan
1The -kan row is either causative or applicative, with transitive roots it mostly has applicative meaning.
Notes:
Some of these forms do normally not exist or are rarely used in standard Indonesian. Some forms may also change meaning.
Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Ayu Rizkia (2020) “Adat Melayu Malam Bainai di Kabupaten Indragiri Hulu "Peranap" ["Malam Bainai" Malay Tradition in Kabupaten Indragiri Hulu "Peranap"]”, in Mengabadikan Riau: Buku I: Antologi Esai Kebudayaan [Preserving Riau: Book 1: Cultural Essay Anthology] (in Indonesian), Magelang: Pustaka Rumah Cinta, →ISBN

Further reading edit

Malay edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Arabic عَرَق (ʕaraq).

Noun edit

arak (Jawi spelling ارق, informal 1st possessive arakku, 2nd possessive arakmu, 3rd possessive araknya)

  1. liquor, spirits, alcoholic beverage
    Synonym: minuman keras
  2. beer
    Synonym: bir
  3. rice wine
    Synonym: tuak
Descendants edit
  • Indonesian: arak
  • Bikol Central: arak
  • Chamorro: arak
  • Ilocano: arak
  • Limos Kalinga: alak
  • Tagalog: alak

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aʀak (walk single-file; be positioned one behind the other).

Verb edit

arak (Jawi spelling ارق)

  1. to walk in procession
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

Further reading edit

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Arabic عَرَق (ʕaraq).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

arak m inan

  1. arak (clear, unsweetened aniseed-flavoured alcoholic drink, produced and consumed primarily in the Middle East)

Declension edit

Usually in the singular.

Derived terms edit

adjective

Further reading edit

  • arak in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • arak in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese edit

Noun edit

arak m (plural araks)

  1. Alternative form of áraque

Serbo-Croatian edit

Noun edit

arak m (Cyrillic spelling арак)

  1. double sheet

Taivoan edit

Noun edit

arak

  1. son

Tangam edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lak. Cognates include Burmese လက် (lak) and Tibetan ལག (lag).

Noun edit

arak

  1. (anatomy) hand, arm

References edit

  • Mark W. Post (2017) The Tangam Language: Grammar, Lexicon and Texts, →ISBN

Yogad edit

Noun edit

arák

  1. (anatomy) throat