Last modified on 10 December 2014, at 23:09

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ‘words’ + ‘tongue’

Han characterEdit

(radical 149 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜口竹十口 (YRHJR), four-corner 02664, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1158, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35441
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1624, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3965, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8A71

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (話), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 夬
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 下快切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣuaiH/ /ɣwaiH/ /ɣuaiH/ /ɦʷɯaiH/ /ɦwaɨjsH/ /ɣwæiH/ /ɣuaiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huà ‹ hwaejH › /*[g]ʷˤrat-s/ speak; words

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7558 3 /*ɡroːds/

NounEdit

  1. speech, talk, language
  2. conversation, what somebody said, (somebody's) words
  3. dialect

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana はなし, romaji hanashi)

  1. talking; speaking; speech; conversation
  2. a topic; a subject; that which is spoken about
  3. rumors; rumours
  4. negotiation; consultation; discussion
  5. lecture; speech; narrative; story

Alternative formsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hwa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: hwa, Yale: hwa)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thoại)

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