TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (water) + phonetic 

The Old Chinese word is believed to have been pronounced very much like 每, with an m- initial. Baxter-Sagart reconstruct the Old Chinese as *m̥ˤəʔ; compare with 每 *mˤəʔ.

Appears with (2 dots) in Chinese, yielding , but with simplified form (1 cross stroke) in Japanese shinjitai, yielding = 氵 + . These are however encoded with the same Unicode character – see Han unification.

Stroke order

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +7 in Chinese, 水+6 in Japanese, in Chinese 10 strokes, in Japanese 9 strokes, cangjie input 水人田卜 (EOWY), four-corner 38157, composition)

  1. sea, ocean
  2. maritime
  3. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: Template:Han KangXi link, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17450
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1023, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1627, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6D77

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping hoi2, Yale hoi2)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ hói (hoi2), Guangdong hoi3, Hagfa Pinyim hoi3)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

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KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably from compound of u (stem indicating ocean) (compare uo (fish), ushio (salt water), unagi (eel)) and mi (water)

NounEdit

(hiragana うみ, romaji umi)

  1. sea
  2. beach

Derived termsEdit

  • 海路 (うなじ, unaji): sea route
  • 海辺 (うみべ, umibe): beach, seashore
  • 海鳥 (うみどり, umidori): sea bird
  • 海原 (うなばら, unabara): ocean, sea
  • 海草 (うみぐさ, umigusa): seaweed
  • 大海 (おおうみ, ooumi): ocean, large sea
  • 海風 (うみかぜ, umikaze): sea breeze
  • 荒海 (あらうみ, araumi): rough sea
  • 海山 (うみやま, umiyama): sea and mountains
  • 血の海 (ちのうみ, chi no umi): pool of blood
  • 海亀 (うみがめ, umigame): sea turtle
  • 海の幸 (うみのさち, umi no sachi): seafood
  • 海沿い (うみぞい, umizoi): coastlands
  • 海狸 (うみだぬき, umidanuki): beaver
  • 海鳴り (うみなり, uminari): rumbling of the sea
  • 海綿 (うみわた, umiwata): sponge
  • (うなぎ, unagi): eel
  • 青海原 (あおうなばら, aounabara); blue sea
  • 入海 (いりうみ, iriumi); bay, inlet, gulf, creek
  • 外海 (そとうみ, sotoumi); open seas
  • 泥海 (どろうみ, doroumi); muddy sea
  • 海牛 (うみうし, umiushi); sea slug

NounEdit

(hiragana わた, romaji wata)

  1. sea
  2. beach

Derived termsEdit

  • 海神 (わたつみ, watatsumi): sea god
  • 海主 (わたぬし, watanushi): sea master, sea god

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji mi)

  1. sea
  2. beach

Derived termsEdit

  • 温海 (あつみ, atsumi): warm sea

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hae) (hangeul [[]], revised hae, McCune-Reischauer hae, Yale hay)

CompoundsEdit


MandarinEdit

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin hǎi (hai3), Wade-Giles hai3)

CompoundsEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*xə̌i)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA hái (hai2))

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hải, hẩy, hấy)

Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 16:42