See also: [U+A78C LATIN SMALL LETTER SALTILLO], ˈ [U+02C8 MODIFIER LETTER VERTICAL LINE], [U+2018 LEFT SINGLE QUOTATION MARK], [U+2019 RIGHT SINGLE QUOTATION MARK], ʻ [U+02BB MODIFIER LETTER TURNED COMMA], ʼ [U+02BC MODIFIER LETTER APOSTROPHE], ʹ [U+02B9 MODIFIER LETTER PRIME], -', and ' '

' U+0027, '
APOSTROPHE
&
[U+0026]
Basic Latin (
[U+0028]
U+FF07, '
FULLWIDTH APOSTROPHE

[U+FF06]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF08]

Translingual edit

Punctuation mark edit

'

  1. An ASCII substitute for any of multiple characters with a similar shape:
    1. (apostrophe)
    2. (leading apostrophe)
    3. A quotation mark, in some languages: see ' '.
    4. (IPA) ˈ (primary stress)
    5. ׳ (Hebrew geresh)
    6. (saltillo)

Related terms edit

  • (diacritical mark): ", :

Diacritical mark edit

'

  1. An ASCII substitute for any of multiple characters with a similar shape.
    1. ׳ (Hebrew geresh)
    2. (IPA) ʼ (ejective consonant)
    3. Used after a letter as a nonstandard representation of an acute or grave accent, when technical limitations prevent the use of one.

Letter edit

'

  1. An ASCII substitute for a letter representing a glottal stop, or glottalization:
    1. ' or ʼ (compare ˀ, ˁ, ʿ, and ʾ)
    2. (the saltillo, used in some languages of Mexico and Guatemala to represent either a glottal stop or a fricative sound).
    3. ʻ (the Hawaiian okina).

See also edit

Symbol edit

  1. Replaces one or more letters which have been removed from a written word, often but not always because they are not being pronounced.
    English: don't, y' , o'er (over), fo'c's'le (forecastle), tho' (though), cont'd (continued); German: Leut' (Leute)
    1. Replaces letter(s) when two or more words are contracted into one word.
      English: I'm (I am), wouldn't've (would not have); French: qu’il (que il), à c’t’heure (à cette heure); German: gibt's (gibt es), auf'm (auf dem)
  2. Similarly replaces one or more numbers which have been removed.
    '95 (1995)
  3. An ASCII substitute for the foot (length unit symbol).
  4. (mathematics) An ASCII substitute for (prime symbol).
  5. (time, angles) An ASCII substitute for the symbol representing the minute, placed after the value of the seconds in a term to indicate minutes count.
  6. (grammar) Alternative form of ¯

Coordinate terms edit

  • (time): "
  • (angles): ", °

See also edit

Punctuation

English edit

Particle edit

  1. See -'.

Chinese edit

Punctuation mark edit

'

  1. Used to mark an initial a, e, or o in a multisyllabic Pinyin word, to prevent confusion (隔音符號隔音符号 (géyīn fúhào)).
    普洱pǔ'ěrpu'er tea (named for a city in Yunnan, China)

Esperanto edit

Punctuation mark edit

'

  1. (chiefly poetic) Used to indicate omission of the a in la to form l'.
  2. (chiefly poetic) Used to indicate omission of the final -o of nominative singular nouns.

Finnish edit

Symbol edit

  1. Indicates a syllable break in words, mostly as a result of consonant gradation.
    liu’uttaa
  2. Used to separate the inflectional ending from unadapted borrowings, chiefly when the borrowing ends in a silent consonant.
  3. Used to signify omission or dropping of sounds.
    1. Representing apocope found in poetic text.
      sua palvon ain’
    2. (dated) Representing sounds elided as part of contractions.
      yhtäkkiä
    3. In some linguistic and grammatical sources, equivalent to ˣ.

Usage notes edit

  • More properly encoded as (U+2019 RIGHT SINGLE QUOTATION MARK), but ' (U+0027 APOSTROPHE) is ubiquitous in computing for technical reasons and also used on Wiktionary for normalization purposes.
  • Called heittomerkki.
  • When used to represent a syllable break, the apostrophe is omitted if the word is hyphenated at the syllable break (liu’uttaaliu-uttaa). It is however included in the other two cases.

Polish edit

Alternative forms edit

Punctuation mark edit

'

  1. put before the declension suffix of a foreign name, if the preceding letter is silent
    Harry'ego /xaˈrɛ.ɡɔ/genitive case of Harry
    Georges'em /ˈʐɔr.ʐɛm/instrumental case of Georges

Further reading edit

  • ' in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Scots edit

Symbol edit

  1. Replaces one or more letters which have been removed from a word.
    eneu' (eneuch, "enough"), lea' (leave, "leave")
  2. The apologetic apostrophe: inserted into a Scots word to give the appearance that it is a contraction of an English word.
    de'il (deil, "devil")