See also: مضر

ArabicEdit

 
Arabic Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ar

Etymology 1Edit

From a common Semitic source; compare Hebrew מִצְרַיִם(miṣráyim), Ugaritic 𐎎𐎕𐎗𐎎 (mṣrm), and Akkadian 𒈪𒄑𒊑𒄿 (miṣru) or 𒈬𒀫 (muṣru). The ending in Hebrew and Ugaritic is the standard dual form, perhaps related to the ancient conceptualization of Egypt as two realms: Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. The sense of Cairo stemming from the earlier settlement مِصْرُ الفُسْطَاط(miṣru l-fusṭāṭ, the Civil Center of Assembly, literally of the large camel-hair tents, assembly halls) that was incorporated. Conflated with the root م ص ر(m-ṣ-r) in some senses (see below).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /misˤr/
  • (file)

Proper nounEdit

مِصْر (miṣrf

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Western Asia)
  2. (dialectal, Egypt) Cairo (a city in Egypt)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Ottoman Turkish: مصر(Mısır) (see there for further descendants)
  • Swahili: Umisri

Etymology 2Edit

From the root م ص ر(m-ṣ-r), whose significations may have been partially influenced by the name of the North African region.

NounEdit

مِصْر (miṣrm (plural أَمْصَار(ʾamṣār))

  1. border, boundary, limit, march, neighboring territory
  2. separate area, district, province, city-state
  3. big city, metropolis, capital
  4. garrison town, a military fort, an incorporated area; a colony often to establish regional control, a civilizing or cultural settlement,
    1. (in the dual) Kufa and Basra
    2. (in the dual) Fustat and Kairouan
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From the root م ص ر(m-ṣ-r), with senses relating to Egypt deriving directly from مِصْر(miṣr, Egypt).

VerbEdit

مَصَّرَ (maṣṣara) II, non-past يُمَصِّرُ‎‎ (yumaṣṣiru)

  1. (transitive) to build or found (a city), to settle or people (a region), to colonize; to civilize
    Synonyms: اِسْتَعْمَرَ(istaʿmara), اِسْتَوْطَنَ(istawṭana)
  2. (transitive) to make Egyptian, to Egyptianize
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit
  • تَمْصِير(tamṣīr, settlement, civilization, colonization; Egyptianization)

Etymology 4Edit

Derived from the active participle of أَصَرّ(ʾaṣarr, to persist in), from the root ص ر ر(ṣ-r-r).

AdjectiveEdit

مُصِرّ (muṣirr) (feminine مُصِرَّة(muṣirra), masculine plural مُصِرُّونَ(muṣirrūna), feminine plural مُصِرَّات(muṣirrāt))

  1. insistent
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “مصر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Hijazi ArabicEdit

 
مَصُر
 
عَلَم مَصُر

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic مِصْر(miṣr).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /masˤur/, [masˤʊr]

Proper nounEdit

مَصُر (maṣurf

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Western Asia)

Related termsEdit


Moroccan ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic مِصْر(miṣr).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

مِصْر (miṣrf

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Western Asia)

Derived termsEdit


Ottoman TurkishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Arabic مِصْر(miṣr, Egypt).

Proper nounEdit

مصر (mısır)

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Western Asia)
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

مصر (mısır)

  1. maize, corn
DescendantsEdit

PashtoEdit

 
Pashto Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ps

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic مِصْر(miṣr).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

مصر (misrm

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Western Asia)

PersianEdit

 
Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic مِصْر(miṣr).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Dari مصر
Iranian Persian
Tajik Миср (Misr)

مصر (mesr)

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Western Asia)

Related termsEdit


PunjabiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic مِصْر(miṣr).

Proper nounEdit

مِصْر (misrf (Gurmukhi spelling ਮਿਸਰ)

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Middle East)

South Levantine ArabicEdit

Root
م ص ر

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic مِصْر(miṣr).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /masˤr/, [ˈmɑ.sˤ(ɪ)rˤ]
  • (file)

Proper nounEdit

مصر (maṣrf

  1. Egypt (a country in Africa)

Related termsEdit


UrduEdit

 
Urdu Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ur

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic مِصْر(miṣr).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

مِصْر (miṣrf (Hindi spelling मिस्र)

  1. Egypt (a country in North Africa and Middle East)
    مصر جانے کو جی مچلتا ہے۔‎‎
    miṣr jāne ko jī macaltā hai.
    My heart yearns to go to Egypt.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • مصر”, in اُردُو لُغَت (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • مصر”, in Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2022.