一昨日

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
いつ > いっ
Grade: 1
さく
Grade: 4
じつ
Grade: 1
kan’on

Compound of 一昨 (issaku-, the previous... before...) +‎ (jitsu, day).[1]

First cited to a text from 1275.[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(いっ)(さく)(じつ) (issakujitsu

  1. [from 1275] (formal) the day before yesterday, two days ago
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
おとと ひ > い
Grade: 1
Grade: 1 Grade: 4
jukujikun kun’yomi

/wotot͡sufi//wototofi//wototowi//ototoi/

First cited to a text from roughly 953.[2]

Shift from Old Japanese ototsui (see Etymology 3 below).[1][4][2]

The kanji spelling is from issakujitsu (see Etymology 1 above).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

一昨(おとと)() (ototoiをととひ (wototofi)?

  1. [from c. 953] the day before yesterday, two days ago
    • c. 951953, Gosen Wakashū (book 14, introduction to poem 872)
      かくてつかはしたりければ、()(さと)()(はべ)りて、まことにをととひなんかへりまうてこしかど、心地(ここち)のなやましくてなむありつる、とはかりいひをくりてはべりければ、かさねてつかはしける
      Kakute tsukawashi-tarikereba, Chisato mihaberite, makoto ni ototoi nan kaeri mōte koshikado, kokochi no nayamashikutenan aritsuru, towakari ii okurite haberikereba, kasanete tsukawashikeru.
      (please add an English translation of this example)

Usage notesEdit

Usually spelled in kana alone, rarely written with this kanji spelling.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
おとつ ひ > い
Grade: 1
Grade: 1 Grade: 4
jukujikun kun’yomi

⟨woto2 tu pi1 → */wotətupʲi//wotot͡sufi//otot͡suwi//otot͡sui/

First attested in the Man'yōshū (c. 759 C.E.).

Originally a compound of (oto, distant, distant past) +‎ (tsu, Old Japanese case-marker particle) +‎ (hi, day).[1][4][2]

The kanji spelling is from issakujitsu (see Etymology 1 above).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

一昨(おとつ)() (ototsuiをとつひ (wototufi)?

  1. [from circa 759] the day before yesterday, two days ago

Usage notesEdit

Usually spelled in kana alone, rarely written with this kanji spelling.

Derived termsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

(Time)
~ -2 -1 0 +1 +2 Continual
Day 一昨日 昨日 今日 明日 明後日 毎日
Morning 一昨朝 昨朝 今朝 明朝 毎朝
Night 一昨晩 昨晩 今晩 明晩 毎晩
Week 先々週 先週 今週 来週 再来週 毎週
Month 先々月 先月 今月 来月 再来月 毎月
Year 一昨年 去年 今年 来年 再来年 毎年

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

Old JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compound of (woto2, distant past) +‎ (tu, case-marker particle) +‎ (pi1, day).

NounEdit

一昨日 (woto2tupi1) (kana をとつひ)

  1. the day before yesterday, two days ago
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 17, poem 3924)
      山乃可比曾許登母見延受乎登都日毛昨日毛今日毛由吉能布禮禮婆
      yama no2 kapi1 so2ko2 to2 mo mi1yezu woto2tupi1 mo ki1no2pu mo ke1pu mo yuki1 no2 purereba
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: 一昨日 (ototsui, ototoi)