TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  𠦝 + phonetic 

The left side (𠦝) is a pictograph of the sunrise as seen through some trees. The right-side 月 is actually a graphical variant/corruption of ("boat"), used as a phonetic.

Han characterEdit

(radical 74 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 十十月 (JJB), four-corner 47420, composition𠦝)

  1. morning
  2. dynasty
  3. ​shorthand for 朝鮮 (meaning Korea or North Korea)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 506, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14374
  • Dae Jaweon: page 885, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2084, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+671D

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping ciu4, ziu1, Yale chiu4, jiu1)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ chau, cheu, Guangdong ts'au2, tsau1 [Bao'an, Dongguan]; ts'au2, tseu1, ts'eu2 [Siyan]; chau1, ch'au2, cheu1, ch'eu2 [Kwangtung]; chau1, ch'au2 [Hailu]; tshau1, tsh'au2 [Meixian], Hagfa Pinyim cau2, ceu2, zau1, zeu1)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. morning

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 朝な夕な (あさなゆうな, asana yūna)
  • 朝食
  • 朝刊 (ちょうかん, chōkan) newspaper (to be delivered in the morning)
  • 朝貢 (ちょうこう, chōkō)
  • 朝廷 (ちょうてい, chōtei)

EtymologyEdit

Historically a day was split into two halves:

While asa and ashita represent the same time period, asa was associated with beginning of the afternoon and ashita was associated with the end of the night. Both terms share an initial as- and are likely etymologically related.

NounEdit

(hiragana あさ, romaji asa)

  1. morning

NounEdit

(hiragana あした, romaji ashita)

  1. morning

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jo) (hangeul [[]], revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. dynasty, imperial court
    조선 (朝鮮, Joseon) — Korea
    왕조 (王朝, wangjo) — dynasty

MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

HanziEdit

(Pinyin cháo (chao2), zhāo (zhao1), Wade-Giles ch'ao2, chao1)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA: t͡ʂʰɑ̌ʊ̯
  • (file)

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin cháo)

  1. the court; the government
  2. dynasty

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin zhāo)

  1. morning
CompoundsEdit

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*djhiɛu, *djiɛu)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA tiâu (tiau5), tiau (tiau1))

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(triều, chầu, chào, tràu, trều, triêu, chiều, giàu, giầu, trào)

ReadingsEdit

  • Nôm: chào, chầu, chiều, chìu, dèo, giàu, trào, trèo, triêu, triều

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville
Last modified on 8 April 2014, at 19:47