Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  𠦝 + phonetic 

The left side (𠦝) is a pictograph of the sunrise as seen through some trees. The right-side 月 is actually a graphical corruption of ("river").

Han characterEdit

Stroke order
朝-bw.png

(radical 74 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 十十月 (JJB), four-corner 47420, composition𠦝)

  1. morning
  2. dynasty
  3. shorthand for 朝鮮 (meaning Korea or North Korea)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 506, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14374
  • Dae Jaweon: page 885, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2084, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+671D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (9)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈiᴇu/ /ȶi̯ɛu/ /ȶiɛu/ /ʈiɛu/ /ʈiaw/ /ȶĭɛu/ /ȶjæu/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (11)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖiᴇu/ /ȡʱi̯ɛu/ /ȡiɛu/ /ɖiɛu/ /ɖiaw/ /ȡĭɛu/ /ȡjæu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cháo ‹ drjew › /*m-t<r>aw/ (morning) audience at court
zhāo ‹ trjew › /*t<r>aw/ morning

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1307 2 /*ʔr'ew/ 甲文作日月同在草中表清晨,非舟聲
1309 2 𪓙 /*r'ew/

NounEdit

‎(traditional and simplified, Pinyin cháo)

  1. the court; the government
  2. dynasty

VerbEdit

‎(traditional and simplified, Pinyin cháo)

  1. Facing (a direction)

NounEdit

‎(traditional and simplified, Pinyin zhāo)

  1. morning
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. morning
  2. dynasty
  3. regime
  4. epoch
  5. period
  6. North Korea
  7. Korea

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historically a day was split into two halves:

While asa and ashita represent the same time period, asa was associated with beginning of the afternoon and ashita was associated with the end of the night. Both terms share an initial as- and are likely etymologically related.

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あさ, romaji asa)

  1. morning

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あした, romaji ashita)

  1. morning

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. dynasty, imperial court
    조선 (朝鮮, Joseon) — Korea
    왕조 (王朝, wangjo) — dynasty

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(triều, chầu, chào, tràu, trều, triêu, chiều, giàu, giầu, trào)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • Nôm: chào, chầu, chiều, chìu, dèo, giàu, trào, trèo, triêu, triều

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville
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