U+671D, 朝
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-671D

[U+671C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+671E]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 74, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 十十月 (JJB), four-corner 47420, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 506, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14374
  • Dae Jaweon: page 885, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2084, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+671D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𦩻

𨊸
調 ancient

Glyph originEdit

In the oracle bone script, it was an ideogrammic compound (會意): 2 or 4 (“grass”) + (“sun”) + (“moon”) – the sun rising above the grass while the waning moon is still in the sky – the morning.

In the bronze script, it was a compound of 𠦝 and a pictograph of a river ( or ) – this is the original form of (OC *r'ew, “tide”). The river glyph may be a corruption of due to association with tides. Chi (2010) considers such forms to be phono-semantic (形聲), where 𠦝 is the abbreviated form of the phonetic (OC *ʔr'ew, *r'ew). In the late Western Zhou forms, 𠦝 is corrupted into .

In the stone drum inscriptions (石鼓文), is added (attached to ), and the river glyph is replaced with (OC *tjɯw), which acts as a phonetic component; the small seal script likely inherits from this form. Shuowen interprets the fused component of 𠦝 and as a semantic component (“dawn”). The component is also seen in the bamboo and wooden slips of the Warring States period.

In the clerical script, is reverted to ; it is unclear whether this is a remnant from in the oracle bone script or a corruption of (as in < 𦩎). The current form is essentially inherited from the clerical script.

EtymologyEdit

“Morning” > “perform the morning ceremony” > “to go/come to court; to have an audience”. Derivative: (OC *r'ew, “morning tide”).

Perhaps related to Thai เพรา (prao, morning) (Manomaivibool, 1975).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • ziao1 - Shantou;
  • ziou1 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (9)
    Final () (92)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʈˠiᴇu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈᵚiɛu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȶiæu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈiaw/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȶjɛu/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȶĭɛu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȶi̯ɛu/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhāo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhāo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ trjew ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*t<r>aw/
    English morning

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 1307
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔr'ew/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. morning
        ―  zhāo  ―  morning and evening; all the time
    2. (Cantonese, Hakka, Min Bei) breakfast
    3. moment; short period
    4. daytime; day; full day
    5. active; energetic; lively
    6. A surname​.
    SynonymsEdit
    DescendantsEdit
    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (ちょう) (chō)
    • Korean: (, jo)

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note:
    • ciao5 - Shantou;
    • ciou5 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (11)
    Final () (92)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖˠiᴇu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖᵚiɛu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡiæu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖiaw/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡjɛu/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡĭɛu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱi̯ɛu/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    cháo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    cháo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ drjew ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-t<r>aw/
    English (morning) audience at court

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 1309
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𪓙
    Old
    Chinese
    /*r'ew/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (historical) to wish elders or seniors good health; to visit (a senior person)
    2. (historical) to have an audience with the king or emperor; to perform the morning ceremony; to go to court
    3. to make a pilgrimage to; to pay homage to
    4. to assemble; to call; to gather
    5. imperial court
    6. dynasty (line of rulers)
    7. emperor's reign; period ruled by a particular emperor or king
    8. government; imperial government
    9. affairs of the state
    10. (historical) courtier class
    11. (Huizhou) paternal grandfather
    12. to face
      南邊 / 南边  ―  cháozhe nánbiān  ―  facing the south
    13. towards; to; on
        ―  cháo qián kàn  ―  look ahead [lit. look to the front]
    14. Short for 朝鮮朝鲜 (Cháoxiǎn, “North Korea; Korea”).
    SynonymsEdit
    DescendantsEdit
    Sino-Xenic ():

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʈˠiᴇu, “morning”):

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɖˠiᴇu, “dynasty; imperial court; epoch”):

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    あさ
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi
     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia

    From Old Japanese.

    Historically, a day was split into two halves:

    • Afternoon cycle: (asa) (hiru) ()
    • Evening cycle: 夕べ (yūbe) (yoi)夜中 (yonaka) (akatsuki) (ashita)

    While asa and ashita represent the same time period, asa was associated with beginning of the afternoon and ashita was associated with the end of the night. Both terms share an initial as- and are likely etymologically related.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (あさ) (asa

    1. the morning
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    あした
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spelling (morning)

    From Old Japanese.

    Historically, a day was split into two halves:

    • Afternoon cycle: (asa) (hiru) ()
    • Evening cycle: 夕べ (yūbe) (yoi)夜中 (yonaka) (akatsuki) (ashita)

    While asa and ashita represent the same time period, asa was associated with beginning of the afternoon and ashita was associated with the end of the night. Both terms share an initial as- and are likely etymologically related.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (あした) (ashita

    1. (archaic) the morning, morn
    2. (archaic) the morrow, next morning
    Derived termsEdit
    IdiomsEdit
    ProverbsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ちょう
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    /teu//t͡ɕeu//t͡ɕoː/

    The “morning” and “Korea” senses are from Middle Chinese (MC ʈˠiᴇu).

    The “imperial court”, “dynasty”, and “epoch” senses are from Middle Chinese (MC ɖˠiᴇu), using the 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) borrowing.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (ちょう) (chō (historical kana てう)

    1. the morning
    2. an imperial court
    3. an imperial reign or dynasty
    4. a country governed by a monarch
    5. a bustling place, such as downtown
    Derived termsEdit

    SuffixEdit

    (ちょう) (-chō (historical kana てう)

    1. dynasty
      ブルボン(ちょう)Burubon-chōthe Bourbon Dynasty
    Derived termsEdit

    AffixEdit

    (ちょう) (chō (historical kana てう)

    1. morning
    2. imperial court
    3. (by extension) Japan
    4. having an audience with the emperor
    5. dynasty, regime
    6. (by extension) epoch, period
    7. Short for 朝鮮 (Chōsen): Korea, specifically short for 朝鮮民主主義人民共和国 (Chōsen Minshu Shugi Jinmin Kyōwakoku): Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea)
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
    3. 3.0 3.1 2002, 京阪系アクセント辞典 (A Dictionary of Tone on Words of the Keihan-type Dialects) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Bensei, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 아침 (achim jo))

    1. morning, day
    2. dynasty, imperial court

    Derived termsEdit


    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit


    Old JapaneseEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    From Proto-Japonic *asa.

    The as- stem refers to “the morning” or “after the dawn”, possibly cognate with or an apophonic form of 明日 (asu, tomorrow).

    NounEdit

    (asa) (kana あさ)

    1. the morning, morn
      Antonym: (yupu)
    CitationsEdit

    For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:朝.

    Derived termsEdit
    DescendantsEdit
    • Japanese: (asa)

    Etymology 2Edit

    Possibly from (asa, morning, see above) +‎ (ta, direction, side). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

    NounEdit

    (asita) (kana あした)

    1. the morrow, next morning
      Antonym: 夕へ (yupupe1)
    CitationsEdit

    For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:朝.

    Derived termsEdit
    DescendantsEdit

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: triều, chầu, chào, tràu, trều, triêu, chiều, giàu, giầu, trào

    1. Related to chầu (to attend an audience; to attend upon (in design)). (Nguyễn Văn Khang. Từ ngoại lai trong tiếng Việt, 2007)

    ReadingsEdit

    • Nôm: chào, chầu, chiều, chìu, dèo, giàu, trào, trèo, triêu, triều

    ReferencesEdit

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville