ChineseEdit

 
today; modern; present
today; modern; present; current; this; now
 
morning; to face; towards
morning; to face; towards; facing; direct; a dynasty; the imperial court; (abbr.) Korea, esp. N. Korea
trad. (今朝)
simp. #(今朝)

PronunciationEdit


Note: géng-diáu - dated.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (28) (9)
Final () (140) (92)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiɪm/ /ʈˠiᴇu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚim/ /ʈᵚiɛu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiem/ /ȶiæu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjim/ /ʈiaw/
Li
Rong
/kjəm/ /ȶjɛu/
Wang
Li
/kĭĕm/ /ȶĭɛu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯əm/ /ȶi̯ɛu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīn zhāo
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gam1 ziu1

NounEdit

今朝

  1. (Cantonese) this morning
    今朝早餐嗰陣時而家肚餓 [Cantonese, trad.]
    今朝早餐嗰阵时而家肚饿 [Cantonese, simp.]
    ngo5 gam1 ziu1 sik6 zou2 caan1 go2 zan6 si4 sik6 dak1 taai3 do1 laa3, dou3 ji4 gaa1 dou1 zung6 mei6 tou5 ngo6. [Jyutping]
    I ate too much for breakfast this morning, so I'm still not hungry yet.
  2. (literary or regional) today; now; at the present time

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2

Grade: 2
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of (ke, this) +‎ (asa, morning).

The initial /ke/ is an alternative form of the initial /ko/ (, “this”) seen in words such as ここ (koko, this place → here) or これ (kore, this [nominal] → this), and the final /sa/ is a contraction from */ke.asa/ to /kesa/ with the medial -a- falling out, as Old Japanese did not permit vowel clusters.

It is the same element found in 今日 (kepu→kyō, today).

The use of the kanji (now) instead of (this) is an example of jukujikun.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

()() (kesa

  1. this morning

NounEdit

()() (kesa

  1. this morning

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 2
ちょう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 今朝 (kim trjew, literally now morning). /konteu//kontjoː/. The /eu//joː/ sound shift is a regular phonological change.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(こん)(ちょう) (konchōこんてう (konteu)?

  1. this morning

Related termsEdit

(Time)
~ -2 -1 0 +1 +2 Continual
Day 一昨日 昨日 今日 明日 明後日 毎日
Morning 一昨朝 昨朝 今朝 明朝 毎朝
Night 一昨晩 昨晩 今晩 明晩 毎晩
Week 先々週 先週 今週 来週 再来週 毎週
Month 先々月 先月 今月 来月 再来月 毎月
Year 一昨年 去年 今年 来年 再来年 毎年

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN