Chinese edit

today; modern; present
today; modern; present; current; this; now
trad. (今年)
simp. #(今年)

Pronunciation edit

  • ging1 ni5 - Chenghai;
  • gi1 ni5 - alternative pronunciation (Chaozhou);
  • gê5 ni5 - alternative pronunciation (Jieyang).

Noun edit


  1. this year
    今年貴庚今年贵庚  ―  Nín jīnnián guìgēng?  ―  How old are you this year? [to an unfamiliar elderly person]

Synonyms edit

Further reading edit

Japanese edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
Grade: 1
irregular kun’yomi

Compound of () (ko, this) + (とし) (toshi, year).

The use of the kanji (now) instead of (this) is an orthographic borrowing from Chinese 今年 (jīnnián).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

()(とし) (kotoshi

  1. this year, the present year
    • 1187, Senzai Wakashū (book 16, poem 1016; also Hyakunin Isshu, poem 75)
      chigiri-okishi sasemo ga tsuyu o inochi ni te aware kotoshi no aki mo inumeri
      I believed in you with all my heart but again this [year in] autumn passes, filled with sadness. Your promises―but vanishing dewdrops of the mugwort blessing![3]

Adverb edit

()(とし) (kotoshi

  1. this year
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2
Grade: 1

From Middle Chinese 今年 (MC kim nen).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(こん)(ねん) (konnen

  1. this year, the present year
    Synonym: 本年 (honnen)
Derived terms edit

Coordinate terms edit

~ -3 −2 −1 0 +1 +2 Continual
Day 一昨昨日 一昨日 昨日 今日 明日 明後日 毎日
Morning 一昨朝 昨朝 今朝 明朝 毎朝
Night 一昨晩 昨晩 今晩 明晩 毎晩
Week 先々週 先週 今週 来週 再来週 毎週
Month 先々月 先月 今月 来月 再来月 毎月
Year 一昨昨年 一昨年 去年 今年 来年 再来年 毎年

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  3. ^ Peter MacMillan (2018) One Hundred Poets, One Poem Each: A Treasury of Classical Japanese Verse, Penguin UK, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja in this term

Noun edit

今年 (geumnyeon) (hangeul 금년)

  1. Hanja form? of 금년 (this year).