See also: 人间

ChineseEdit

man; person; people
 
interstice; separate; between
interstice; separate; between; among; space; (measure word)
trad. (人間)
simp. (人间)
alternative forms 人閒

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (38) (28)
Final () (43) (73)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪn/ /kˠɛn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵin/ /kᵚæn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjen/ /kæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵin/ /kəɨn/
Li
Rong
/ȵiĕn/ /kɛn/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕn/ /kæn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ĕn/ /kăn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rén jiān
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jan4 gaan1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rén jiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyin › ‹ kɛn ›
Old
Chinese
/*ni[ŋ]/ /*kˁre[n]/
English (other) person interval

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
No. 10800 6226
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njin/ /*kreːn/
Notes

NounEdit

人間

  1. the human world; the world of mortals

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (人間):

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
にん
Grade: 1
けん > げん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From a Buddhist term: 人間界(にんげんかい) (ningenkai, human world).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(にん)(げん) (ningen

  1. human, person, human being
    人間(にんげん)社会(しゃかい)
    ningen shakai
    human society
  2. personality, character
  3. (Buddhism) literally meaning: "human society", referring to one of the six realms of reincarnation in Buddhist cosmology.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
じん
Grade: 1
かん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

from Middle Chinese 人間 (MC ȵiɪn kˠɛn|kˠɛnH).

NounEdit

(じん)(かん) (jinkan

  1. (archaic) the world in which people live; the world, society

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ひと
Grade: 1

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

(ひと)() (hitoma

  1. (dated, rare) a place devoid of people

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

人間 (in'gan) (hangeul 인간)

  1. Hanja form? of 인간 (people, humanity).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

人間

  1. Hán tự form of nhân gian (the human world; the world of mortals).