See also: 人间

ChineseEdit

man; person; people
 
interstice; separate; between
interstice; separate; between; among; space; (measure word)
trad. (人間)
simp. (人间)
alternative forms 人閒

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (38) (28)
Final () (43) (73)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪn/ /kˠɛn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵin/ /kᵚæn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjen/ /kæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵin/ /kəɨn/
Li
Rong
/ȵiĕn/ /kɛn/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕn/ /kæn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ĕn/ /kăn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rén jiān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rén jiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyin › ‹ kɛn ›
Old
Chinese
/*ni[ŋ]/ /*kˁre[n]/
English (other) person interval

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
No. 10800 6226
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njin/ /*kreːn/
Notes

NounEdit

人間

  1. the human world; the world of mortals

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
にん
Grade: 1
けん > げん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From a Buddhist term: 人間界(にんげんかい) (ningenkai, human world).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

人間(にんげん) (ningen

  1. human, person, human being
    人間(にんげん)社会(しゃかい)
    ningen shakai
    human society
  2. personality, character
  3. (Buddhism) literally meaning: "human society", referring to one of the six realms of reincarnation in Buddhist cosmology.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
じん
Grade: 1
かん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

from Middle Chinese 人間

NounEdit

人間(じんかん) (jinkan

  1. (archaic) the world in which people live; the world, society

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ひと
Grade: 1

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

(ひと)() (hitoma

  1. (dated, rare) a place devoid of people

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

人間 (in-gan) (hangeul 인간)

  1. Hanja form? of 인간 (people, humanity).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

人間

  1. Hán tự form of nhân gian (the human world; the world of mortals).