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See also: 人类

Contents

ChineseEdit

man; person; people
 
kind; type; class; category; similar; like; to resemble
trad. (人類)
simp. (人类)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (38) (37)
Final () (43) (16)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪn/ /liuɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵin/ /lʷiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjen/ /ljuɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵin/ /lwiH/
Li
Rong
/ȵiĕn/ /luiH/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕn/ /lwiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ĕn/ /lwiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rén lèi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rén lèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyin › ‹ lwijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ni[ŋ]/ /*[r]u[t]-s/
English (other) person category

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
No. 10800 7772
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njin/ /*ruds/

NounEdit

人類

  1. humanity; humans (as a collective); humankind; the human race
    人類前途 / 人类前途  ―  rénlèi qiántú  ―  the future of the human race
    圖書館人類知識海洋 [MSC, trad.]
    图书馆人类知识海洋 [MSC, simp.]
    Túshūguǎn shì rénlèi zhīshí de hǎiyáng. [Pinyin]
    Libraries contain knowledge of human experience as vast as the open sea.
    書籍人類進步階梯 [MSC, trad.]
    书籍人类进步阶梯 [MSC, simp.]
    Shūjí shì rénlèi jìnbù de jiētī. [Pinyin]
    The book is the ladder of human progress.
    考古學研究人類文化歷史學科 [Guangzhou Cantonese, trad.]
    考古学研究人类文化历史学科 [Guangzhou Cantonese, simp.]
    Haau2 gu2 hok6 hai6 jat1 mun4 jin4 gau3 jan4 leoi6 man4 faa3 tung4 lik6 si2 ge3 hok6 fo1. [Jyutping]
    Archaeology is a science that studies human cultures and history.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (人類):

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
じん
Grade: 1
るい
Grade: 4
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

人類 (hiragana じんるい, rōmaji jinrui)

  1. mankind, the human race, humanity
    人類 (じんるい) () (げん)
    jinrui no kigen
    the origins of the human race

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

人類 (illyu) (hangeul 인류)

  1. Hanja form? of 인류 (human).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

人類

  1. Hán tự form of nhân loại (mankind; humanity; human beings).