See also: , , and
U+9593, 間
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9593

[U+9592]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9594]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 169, +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 日弓日 (ANA), four-corner 77607, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1333, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41249
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1839, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4288, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9593

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (door) +  (sun). Originally , moonlight () peeking through a door () – interstice; space.

EtymologyEdit

The two pronunciations are related, with Pronunciation 2 ( (OC *kreːns)) being the exoactive of Pronunciation 1 ( (OC *kreːn)).

Related to:

Externally, likely related to Mizo kâr (space between; interval), Burmese ကြား (kra:, in-between; interval; interim), အကြား (a.kra:, gap; break) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Taiwan:
    • keng/kuiⁿ/kaiⁿ - vernacular (“room, classifier”);
    • kan - literary.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: goin1 / gain1 / gang1
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: koiⁿ / kaiⁿ / kang
    • Sinological IPA (key): /kõĩ³³/, /kãĩ³³/, /kaŋ³³/
  • Note:
    • goin1/gain1 - vernacular (“room, classifier”) (gain1 - Jieyang, Chaoyang);
    • gang1 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 1ke - vernacular;
    • 1ji - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (73)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠɛn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚæn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kəɨn/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /kæn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kăn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kɛn ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˁre[n]/
    English interval

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 6226
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kreːn/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. within a definite time period or place
      /   ―  shíjiān  ―  time, period
      /   ―  wǎnjiān  ―  evening, night
      /   ―  shìjiān  ―  world, earth
      /   ―  kōngjiān  ―  space
    2. among; between
      樹枝 [MSC, trad.]
      树枝 [MSC, simp.]
      Xiǎo niǎo men zài shùzhī jiān chàng gē. [Pinyin]
      The birds were singing among the branches of the tree.
      公司談判非常成功 [MSC, trad.]
      公司谈判非常成功 [MSC, simp.]
      Liǎng ge gōngsī jiān de tánpàn fēicháng chénggōng. [Pinyin]
      The negotiations between the two companies were successful.
      直線 / 直线  ―  Liǎng diǎn jiān zhíxiàn zuì duǎn.  ―  The shortest distance between two points is a straight line.
    3. a moment; a little while; instant
    4. room; chamber
      /   ―  fángjiān  ―  room
      衛生 / 卫生  ―  wèishēngjiān  ―  bathroom, toilet
      衣帽 / 衣帽  ―  yīmàojiān  ―  cloakroom
      雙人 / 双人  ―  shuāngrénjiān  ―  double room
    5. section of a room; lateral space between two pairs of pillars
    6. Classifier for smallest units of housing, such as rooms and shopfronts.
    7. (chiefly Cantonese) Classifier for buildings in general, including schools, banks, cinemas, hospitals, shops, factories.
    8. A surname​.
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note: gain3 - Jieyang, Chaoyang.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (73)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠɛnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚænH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kænH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kəɨnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɛnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kænH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kănH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kɛn ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˁre[n]/
    English 間關 sound of a chariot"s linchpin (Ode 218.1)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 6228
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kreːns/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. opening; gap; break
    2. estrangement; alienation; hostility
    3. spy; secret agent
    4. to keep away from; to keep apart
    5. to separate; to partition
    6. to alternate; to do something alternately
    7. to be mixed up with; to be intermingled
    8. to sow discord
    9. to blame; to reproach
    10. intermittently; sometimes
    11. in secret; clandestinely

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 3Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Variant pronunciation of the classifier sense.
    2. Used in place names.

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

     
    Ryakuji for 間, based on ryakuji for ; compare also .

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • New Nelson: 6391
    • Halpern: 3323
    • Halpern Learners: 2094
    • Heisig: 1620
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 8e4.3
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    あいだ
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    あいだ
    [noun] a space
    [noun] a while; an interval; (when followed by ) meanwhile
    [noun] between
    [noun] during
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    H
    [noun] space; room
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    あい
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    あい
    [noun] (literary or dialectal) interval of time or space; time; during; between; leisure
    [noun] relation; relationship; terms (between people)
    [noun] Short for 間狂言 (aikyōgen).
    [noun] Short for 間駒 (aigoma).
    [noun] Short for 間の手 (ai no te).
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (kɛn, interval).

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (かん) (kan

    1. space; interval; among; between
    2. extent; scope
    3. hidden; invisible
    4. Alternative spelling of (kan, free time)

    NounEdit

    (かん) (kan

    1. interval

    SuffixEdit

    (かん) (-kan

    1. suffixes some expressions of time to tell duration rather than time or date
      ()()ni-jitwo (o'clock)
      ()()(かん)ni-jikantwo hours
      ()()()(ふん)ni-ji go-funfive past two
      ()(ふん)((かん))go-fun(kan)five minutes
      (ふつ)()futsukathe 2nd (day of the month)
      (ふつ)()((かん))futsuka(kan)two days

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 사이 (sai gan))

    1. Hanja form? of (between).

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: gian, dán, gián

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit