U+9593, 間
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9593

[U+9592]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9594]
See also: , , and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 169 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 日弓日 (ANA), four-corner 77607, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1333, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41249
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1839, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4288, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9593

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kreːn, *kreːns
*kreːnʔ
*kreːns, *kraːns
*kreːns, *kraːns
*kreːn
*kreːn, *kreːns, *pkrenʔ
*kreːnʔ, *kreːns
*kreːnʔ, *ɡraːnʔ
*kʰreːn, *kʰraːn, *kʰreːd
*ɡreːn
*ɡreːn
*ɡreːn, *ɡraːnʔ
*ɡraːnʔ
*ɡraːnʔ

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (door) + (sun). Originally , moonlight peeking through a door, thus “between”.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • keng - vernacular;
  • kan - literary.
Note:
  • 1ke - vernacular;
  • 1ji - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (73)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠɛn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚæn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəɨn/
Li
Rong
/kɛn/
Wang
Li
/kæn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kăn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kɛn ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤre[n]/
English interval

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 6226
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreːn/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. room
  2. within a definite time period or place
  3. section of a room; lateral space between two pairs of pillars
  4. among; between
  5. Classifier for smallest units of housing, such as rooms and shopfronts.
  6. (Cantonese) Classifier for buildings in general, including schools, banks, cinemas, hospitals, shops, factories.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (73)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠɛnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚænH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəɨnH/
Li
Rong
/kɛnH/
Wang
Li
/kænH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kănH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kɛn ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤre[n]/
English 間關 sound of a chariot"s linchpin (Ode 218.1)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 6228
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kreːns/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. opening; gap; break
  2. to separate; to partition
  3. to alternate

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

 
Ryakuji for 間, based on ryakuji for ; compare also .

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 6391
  • Halpern: 3323
  • Halpern Learners: 2094
  • Heisig: 1620
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 8e4.3
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
あいだ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あいだ, romaji aida, historical hiragana あひだ)

  1. a space
  2. a while; an interval
  3. between
  4. during
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ma)

  1. space; room
Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
あい
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あい, romaji ai, historical hiragana あひ)

  1. interval

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (kɛn, interval).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan)

  1. interval

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gan)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gan, McCune-Reischauer: kan, Yale: kan)
  • Name (hangeul): 사이 (revised: sai, McCune-Reischauer: sai)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(gian, dán, gián)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit