U+523B, 刻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-523B

[U+523A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+523C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜人中弓 (YOLN), four-corner 02800, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 139, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1970
  • Dae Jaweon: page 316, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 337, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+523B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *ɡɯː
*kɯː, *krɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *ɡrɯːʔ
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *kʰɯː, *ɡɯːʔ, *ɡrɯːʔ
*kɯː
*kɯːʔ, *ɡɯː
*kʰɯː
*kʰɯːʔ
*kʰɯːɡs, *qraːds
*ŋɡɯːɡs
*ŋɡɯːɡs
*qʰɯː, *ɡɯː
*ɡɯː
*ɡɯːʔ
*ɡɯːɡs, *kʰrɯːɡs, *ɡɯːɡ
*krɯː
*kʰrɯːɡs
*ɡrɯː
*ɡrɯːʔ
*kʰɯːɡ
*qɯːɡ
*ɡuːd, *ɡrɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰɯːɡ): phonetic (OC *ɡɯːʔ) + semantic .

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰei²¹³/
/kʰɤ⁴⁴/
/kʰɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰɤ⁴⁵/
Jinan /kʰə²¹/
/kʰei²¹³/
Qingdao /kʰə⁵⁵/
/kʰe⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kʰɤ²⁴/
Xi'an /kʰei²¹/
Xining /kʰɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kʰa¹³/
/kʰə¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰə¹³/
Ürümqi /kʰɤ²¹³/
/kʰei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kʰɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /kʰe³¹/
Guiyang /kʰɛ²¹/
Kunming /kʰə³¹/
Nanjing /kʰəʔ⁵/
Hefei /kʰɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰəʔ²/
Pingyao /kʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /kʰaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /kʰəʔ⁵/
Suzhou /kʰəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /kʰɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /kʰe²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kʰeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /kʰə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /kʰə²⁴/
Xiangtan /kʰæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kʰiɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kʰet̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰet̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐk̚⁵/
/hak̚⁵/
Nanning /kʰɐk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hɐk̚⁵/
/hak̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰaiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xak̚⁵/ 雕~
/xɔk̚⁵/ 一~

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (131)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰək̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰək̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ke
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khok ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kʰ]ˤək/
English cut, engrave

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4840
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰɯːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to carve; to cut a notch
    舟求劍 / 舟求剑  ―  zhōuqiújiàn  ―  notch the boat in search of the sword
  2. moment in time
      ―    ―  now [lit. this moment]
  3. (of time) quarter

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gak) (hangeul , revised gak, McCune-Reischauer kak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khắc, gắt, khắt, khấc, lắc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.