Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

刻-bw.png

(radical 18 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜人中弓 (YOLN), four-corner 02800, composition)

  1. carve, engrave
  2. quarter hour
  3. a moment in time

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 139, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1970
  • Dae Jaweon: page 316, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 337, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+523B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰei²¹³/
/kʰɤ⁴⁴/
/kʰɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰɤ⁴⁵/
Jinan /kʰə²¹/
/kʰei²¹³/
Qingdao /kʰə⁵⁵/
/kʰe⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kʰɤ²⁴/
Xi'an /kʰei²¹/
Xining /kʰɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kʰa¹³/
/kʰə¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰə¹³/
Ürümqi /kʰɤ²¹³/
/kʰei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kʰɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /kʰe³¹/
Guiyang /kʰɛ²¹/
Kunming /kʰə³¹/
Nanjing /kʰəʔ⁵/
Hefei /kʰɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰəʔ²/
Pingyao /kʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /kʰaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /kʰəʔ⁵/
Suzhou /kʰəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /kʰɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /kʰe²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kʰeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /kʰə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /kʰə²⁴/
Xiangtan /kʰæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kʰiɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kʰet̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰet̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐk̚⁵/
/hak̚⁵/
Nanning /kʰɐk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hɐk̚⁵/
/hak̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰaiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xak̚⁵/ 雕~
/xɔk̚⁵/ 一~
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (29)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰək̚/ /kʰək̚/ /kʰək̚/ /kʰək̚/ /kʰək̚/ /kʰək̚/ /kʰək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khok › /*[kʰ]ˤək/ cut, engrave

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4840 0 /*kʰɯːɡ/

NounEdit

  1. moment in time
      ―    ―  now (lit. this moment)

VerbEdit

  1. to carve; to cut a notch
    舟求劍 / 舟求剑  ―  zhōuqiújiàn  ―  notch the boat in search of the sword}

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gak) (hangeul , revised gak, McCune-Reischauer kak)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khắc, gắt, khắt, khấc, lắc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Read in another language