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U+523B, 刻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-523B

[U+523A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+523C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 18, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜人中弓 (YOLN), four-corner 02800, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 139, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1970
  • Dae Jaweon: page 316, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 337, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+523B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *ɡɯː
*kɯː, *krɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *ɡrɯːʔ
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *kʰɯː, *ɡɯːʔ, *ɡrɯːʔ
*kɯː
*kɯːʔ, *ɡɯː
*kʰɯː
*kʰɯːʔ
*kʰɯːɡs, *qraːds
*ŋɡɯːɡs
*ŋɡɯːɡs
*qʰɯː, *ɡɯː
*ɡɯː
*ɡɯːʔ
*ɡɯːɡs, *kʰrɯːɡs, *ɡɯːɡ
*krɯː
*kʰrɯːɡs
*ɡrɯː
*ɡrɯːʔ
*kʰɯːɡ
*qɯːɡ
*ɡuːd, *ɡrɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰɯːɡ): phonetic  (OC *ɡɯːʔ) + semantic .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kêg4 - literary;
  • kag4 - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kʰɤ⁵¹/
    Harbin /kʰei²¹³/
    /kʰɤ⁴⁴/
    /kʰɤ⁵³/
    Tianjin /kʰɤ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /kʰə²¹/
    /kʰei²¹³/
    Qingdao /kʰə⁵⁵/
    /kʰe⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /kʰɤ²⁴/
    Xi'an /kʰei²¹/
    Xining /kʰɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /kʰa¹³/
    /kʰə¹³/
    Lanzhou /kʰə¹³/
    Ürümqi /kʰɤ²¹³/
    /kʰei⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /kʰɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /kʰe³¹/
    Guiyang /kʰɛ²¹/
    Kunming /kʰə³¹/
    Nanjing /kʰəʔ⁵/
    Hefei /kʰɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /kʰəʔ²/
    Pingyao /kʰʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /kʰaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /kʰəʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /kʰəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /kʰɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /kʰe²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /kʰeʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /kʰə⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /kʰə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /kʰæ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /kʰiɛʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰet̚¹/
    Taoyuan /kʰet̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐk̚⁵/
    /hak̚⁵/
    Nanning /kʰɐk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /hɐk̚⁵/
    /hak̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰaiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xak̚⁵/ 雕~
    /xɔk̚⁵/ 一~

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (131)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰək̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰək̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰək̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰək̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ke
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khok ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[kʰ]ˁək/
    English cut, engrave

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4840
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰɯːɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to carve; to cut a notch; to engrave
      舟求劍 / 舟求剑  ―  zhōuqiújiàn  ―  notch the boat in search of the sword
    2. to draw; to adorn
    3. to cut; to scratch
    4. to rigorously demand
    5. to restrict; to limit
    6. to damage; to prejudice
    7. to engrave on one's mind
    8. unkind; sarcastic; caustic
    9. urgent; pressing
    10. assiduous; diligent
    11. moment in time
        ―    ―  now [lit. this moment]
    12. A unit of time.
      1. (historical) 1/100 of one day; 14.4 minutes
      2. (modern) quarter of an hour; 15 minutes

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. engrave, carve

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gak) (hangeul , revised gak, McCune–Reischauer kak)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (khắc, gắt, khắt, khấc, lắc)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.