See also: 牺牲

ChineseEdit

sacrifice domestic animal
trad. (犧牲)
simp. (牺牲)

EtymologyEdit

"sacrifice (animal)" (pre-Qin) -> "to immolate" (c. 1840) -> "to sacrifice" (c. 1900).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (32) (21)
Final () (13) (109)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hˠiᴇ/ /ʃˠæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/hᵚiɛ/ /ʃᵚaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiɛ/ /ʃaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hjiə̆/ /ʂaɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/xje/ /ʃɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/xǐe/ /ʃɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xie̯/ /ʂɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hei1 sang1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ xje ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ̊(r)a[j]/
English sacrificial animal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 13057 11313
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hŋral/ /*sreŋ/

NounEdit

犧牲

  1. sacrifice (animal presented to a deity, deceased ancestor, etc.)

VerbEdit

犧牲

  1. to give one's life for a certain cause; to sacrifice oneself
    壯烈犧牲 / 壮烈牺牲  ―  zhuàngliè xīshēng  ―  to die a hero's death
  2. (figuratively) to sacrifice (give away something valuable); to give up; to abandon; to discard

SynonymsEdit

  • (to give one's life):
  • (to give up):

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (犧牲):
  • Japanese: ()(せい) (gisei)
  • Korean: 희생 (犧牲, huisaeng)
  • Vietnamese: hi sinh (犧牲)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
せい
Grade: S
on’yomi

NounEdit

()(せい) (gisei (kyūjitai, shinjitai 犠牲)

  1. Kyūjitai form of 犠牲: sacrifice

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

犧牲 (huisaeng) (hangeul 희생)

  1. Hanja form? of 희생 (sacrifice).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

VerbEdit

犧牲

  1. Hán tự form of hi sinh (to sacrifice).