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U+845B, 葛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-845B

[U+845A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+845C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿日心女 (TAPV), four-corner 44727, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1045, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31420
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1506, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3248, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+845B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
葛 (植物) (Written Standard Chinese?)
葛姓 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Pueraria montana (English)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kʰaːds, *kʰrads, *kʰrad
qaːds
qaːds, *qaːd
qraːds, *qrads, *ɡaːd, *qaːd
qraːds, *qʰoːb, *qʰaːd
kʰrads, *ked, *kʰrad, *ɡrad, *kad, *ɡad
ɡrads, *ɡrad
kʰob, *qʰaːd, *qʰad
kaːd
kaːd
klaːd, *rab
kʰaːd, *ɡrad
kʰaːd
qʰaːd, *qad
ɡaːd
ɡaːd
ɡaːd
ɡaːd
ɡaːd
ɡaːd, *ɢljad
qaːd
qaːd
qaːd
kʰreːd, *kraːd, *r'aːb
kʰraːd, *ɡrad, *ɡad
kʰrad
kʰrad
ɡrad, *ɡad
ɡrad, *ɡad
kad
kad
qʰad
qʰad
qad

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːd): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡaːd).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • gě - standard in surname sense;
  • variant in other senses (proposed standard in Mainland).
Note:
  • kat - literary;
  • koah - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (63)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kat̚/
Li
Rong
/kɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/kɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kat ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤat/
English Dolichos; kudzu

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5022
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. kudzu (Pueraria lobata)
  2. poplin; hemp cloth
  3. () State of Ge (a small state in modern Henan province during the Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties)
  4. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
かずら
Grade: S
kun’yomi
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かずら, rōmaji kazura, historical hiragana かづら)

  1. creeper, creeping plant

Etymology 2Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
くず
Grade: S
kun’yomi
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana くず, katakana クズ, rōmaji kuzu)

  1. kudzu, Japanese arrowroot (Pueraria montana)

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
つづら
Grade: S
kun’yomi
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana つづら, katakana ツヅラ, rōmaji tsuzura)

  1. Alternative spelling of 大葛藤 (Sinomenium acutum)
  2. Alternative spelling of 葛籠 (wicker basket)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gal)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: gal, McCune-Reischauer: kal, Yale: kal)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. arrowroot, kudzu

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cát, nhật)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.